Care and Treatment Resources
In addition to direct technical assistance to Ministries of Health and partner organizations in resource-constrained countries, CDC provides critical leadership in the development of a wide range of resources for the management, delivery, and monitoring of HIV/AIDS programs.
Technical Brief: Drug Interactions between Hormonal Contraceptive Methods and Anti-Retroviral Medications Used to Treat HIV (2014)
The purpose of this brief is to summarize what is known about potential drug interactions between certain hormonal contraceptive methods and certain antiretrovirals (ARVs) used to treat HIV. The brief also discusses recommendations and programmatic implications. It was produced in collaboration with the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the Office of Population and Reproductive Health at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), with technical input from FHI 360.
Technical Brief: Hormonal Contraception and HIV (2013)
The purpose of this brief is to summarize current epidemiological evidence regarding use of hormonal contraception (HC) and
- Whether HIV-negative women will acquire HIV
- Whether women living with HIV will transmit HIV to their male sex partner(s)
- Whether women living with HIV will experience faster HIV disease progression
- Whether women living with HIV using antiretroviral therapy (ART) will experience drug-drug interactions
Tools for Implementing Tuberculosis Infection-Control Activities in HIV Clinics and Outpatient Settings
Transmission of tuberculosis (TB) is a major concern in the health care and community facilities where people living with HIV/AIDS receive services in resource-limited countries. CDC has developed tools and job aids for outpatient clinics to help improve TB infection control.
Early Infant Diagnosis: Implementation Guides
Early diagnosis of HIV in infants provides a critical opportunity to strengthen follow-up of HIV-exposed children, assure early access to ARV treatment for infected children, provide reassuring information to families of uninfected children, aid evaluation of PMTCT programs, and increase capacity to use laboratory technology.
Pediatric Antiretroviral Dosing Guide Chart
The "Pediatric Antiretroviral Dosing in Resource-limited Settings" is an easy-to-use chart on antiretroviral drug doses for infants and children as recommended by the World Health Organization. CDC, the International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs (ICAP) of Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, and the Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative (BIPAI) of the Baylor College of Medicine collaborated to develop this chart.
WHO and HHS/CDC Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Generic Training Package
The World Health Organization (WHO) and CDC have collaborated to develop the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Generic Training Package. Recognizing that building human capacity requires collaboration at multiple levels and across organizations, the curriculum is designed to support the scale up of PMTCT services and assist in unifying and strengthening existing PMTCT training efforts.
Testing and Counseling for PMTCT Support Tools
These tools were developed by the CDC, in collaboration with the Department of HIV/AIDS at the World Health Organization, United Nations Children's Fund and United States Agency for International Development and their implementing partners.
TB Infection Control Tools
In this era of increasing access in resource-limited settings to HIV counseling and testing, care, and treatment for people living with HIV, more and more people living with HIV-associated immunosuppression are attending health care and community facilities. The following documents contain recommendations to help management and other staff members minimize the risk of TB transmission at these facilities.
- Tuberculosis Infection Control in the Era of Expanding HIV Care and Treatment
- Tuberculosis Infection Control in the Era of Expanding HIV Care and Treatment presentation
HIV Testing and Counseling in TB Clinical Settings Tools
Providing HIV testing and counseling to TB patients can identify persons with HIV infection in order to link them to life-saving therapy. CDC and WHO have developed tools that reinforce standardized operating procedures for providing HIV testing and counseling in TB clinics to help countries plan and implement their programs. The materials provide guidance for advance planning related to national policies, logistics, and implementation procedures, as well as training for health care providers on how to incorporate testing into their practice and how to counsel patients about their HIV test results.