HIV/AIDS Assets and Strategic Focus
Launched in March 2000, CDC’s global HIV/AIDS office in Kenya works closely with the government of Kenya and implementing partners to support:
- Comprehensive HIV Care and Treatment
HIV care and antiretroviral treatment (ART) for both adults and children, prevention of and treatment for opportunistic infections, and tuberculosis
- Combination HIV Prevention
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission, voluntary medical male circumcision, HIV testing and counseling, evidence-based behavioral interventions, and prevention programs for key populations at increased risk of acquiring HIV
- Laboratory Systems and Networks Strengthening
Laboratory accreditation and training, HIV testing, drug resistance testing, early infant diagnosis, and blood safety and infection control for healthcare and laboratory facilities
- HIV Surveillance and Epidemiology
Public health research and planning and implementation of HIV surveillance systems
- Health Systems and Evaluation
Health systems strengthening, program monitoring and evaluation, and health information systems
- Focus, Partner, Achieve: Using Evidence to Achieve an AIDS-Free Generation in Kenya
- Changing Lives in Kenya’s Kakuma Refugee Camp
In 2012, CDC collaborated with the Ministry of Health, the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, and other partners to implement the second Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey to provide national estimates of HIV prevalence, recent infection rates, and CD4 counts for HIV-positive individuals. This was the first AIDS Indicator Survey to incorporate home-based testing and counseling for study participants and point-of-care CD4 counts if the participant was found to be infected with HIV. The final report, to be released in mid-2014, will inform HIV policy and planning.
Since 2008, when VMMC was officially incorporated into Kenya’s comprehensive national HIV prevention strategy, CDC has collaborated with the Kenya National AIDS/STD Control Programme to implement the VMMC program. Since then, CDC and its implementing partners have provided VMMC to over 570,000 males as part of a package of services that included HIV testing and counseling and provision of condoms.
As of September 2013, CDC supports 346,000 of the total 631,000 adults and children in Kenya on ART under the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). PEPFAR’s contribution represents coverage of over 80% of those in need of ART services in Kenya (based on CD4 <350). Additionally, CDC supports the Kenyan government’s goal of reducing transmission from mothers to children from the current estimated 10% to less than 5% of all births to HIV-positive mothers by 2015.