HIV/AIDS Assets and Strategic Focus
CDC opened an office in India in 2001 to assist the Indian National AIDS Control Program’s fight against a concentrated HIV epidemic affecting most-at-risk populations such as intravenous drug users (IDU), men who have sex with men (MSM), and commercial sex workers (CSW). Sexual transmission accounts for the vast majority of HIV incidence with variance in prevalence varies across states. CDC’s efforts to address the epidemic include HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment, workforce capacity building, and monitoring and evaluation activities.
Strengthening Surveillance and Health Information Systems
CDC works with partners to design, implement, and evaluate HIV strategic information systems and to provide training for the use of data needed for HIV prevention, care and treatment programs. A key element of the HIV/AIDS National Program s a single monitoring and evaluation system for data driven decision-making to support effective approaches in halting and reversing India’s HIV epidemic.
Building Capacity for Laboratory Systems
CDC is supporting the implementation of quality assurance/control for HIV testing in national and state reference laboratories in India. CDC also trains laboratory workers.
Addressing Gender Issues
CDC supports efforts to ensure that prevention, and care and treatment efforts also address gender norms with activities that focus on sexual, spousal relations, empowerment , HIV awareness, HIV stigma reduction, and community mobilization in partnership with community partners such as the Tamil Nadu State AIDS Control Society Women’s Self Help Group.
CDC supported the Government of India’s National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) in a major structural reform by constituting District AIDS Prevention and Control Units (DAPCUs) in over 180 districts with high HIV prevalence in order to decentralize response to the epidemic
CDC also supported the development of a national Strategic Information Management System (a web-based monitoring and evaluation system which captures data at various levels - reporting units, district and state levels) to help guide program level decision making.
CDC coordinated with NACO in a quality assessment of all state and regional reference laboratories. CDC is currently engaged in regional workshops for equipment calibration and biosafety for all state and regional labs.