HIV/AIDS Assets and Strategic Focus
The CDC Ethiopia office opened in 2001 and provides technical assistance in comprehensive HIV biomedical prevention, counseling and testing, blood safety, HIV/AIDS care and treatment, antiretroviral treatment (ART), tuberculosis and malaria control, laboratory systems, and strategic information, including health management information systems, surveillance, informatics, program evaluation, and other implementation science.
Strengthening Public Health Systems
CDC partners with the Ministry of Health (MoH), the Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office and the Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI, formerly EHNRI). CDC collaborates with Regional Health Bureaus, Regional Laboratories, and EPHI, which oversees all surveillance and provides training and technical assistance for improving lab infrastructure and human capacity in Ethiopia.
Building Public Health Workforce Capacity
CDC pairs US-based universities and the Ethiopian Diaspora with local universities to develop a sustainable health workforce through innovative approaches to planning, training, retention, and deployment. CDC helps to provide training of Integrated Emergency Surgical Officers at six Ethiopian universities and supports physician training in all schools, including the roll out of an innovative new medical education initiative in 13 medical schools across the country. CDC also supports several master’s degree programs in health sciences and the implementation of a Human Resource Information System. CDC supports the MoH in institutionalization and standardization of in-service training activities.
CDC, in collaboration with the Government of Ethiopia and the MoH, has endorsed new national guidelines for Option B+ and treatment of all eligible ART patients with a CD4 count of 350. Even before CD4 thresholds were raised in early 2014, Ethiopia was enrolling more than two new infected clients on treatment for every new infection by the end of FY13. The total on treatment in FY13 exceeded 317,000.
CDC is developing innovative strategies to strengthen linkage and retention to evidence-based biomedical prevention strategies. These include index case testing strategies for spouses and children of people living with HIV tested in government health facilities and a network of 10 confidential clinics for commercial sex workers in 9 regional capitals. These clinics offer two-way referral services to community peer outreach and comprehensive biomedical services, including sexually transmitted infections screening, six-monthly HIV testing and direct ART services.