HIV/AIDS Assets and Strategic Focus
The CDC Ethiopia office opened in 2001 and provides technical assistance in comprehensive HIV prevention, blood safety, HIV/AIDS care and treatment, antiretroviral treatment (ART), TB and malaria control, laboratory systems, and strategic information, including health management information systems (HMIS), surveillance, informatics, and research.
Strengthening Public Health Systems
CDC partners with the Ministry of Health (MoH) and Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute (EHNRI), which oversees all surveillance and clinical labs in Ethiopia. CDC collaborates with EHNRI in lab training and technical assistance to strengthen the nation's health system through improved lab infrastructure and increased human capacity. CDC’s Ethiopia Strategic Information and Laboratory Branches are co-located within EHNRI.
Building Public Health Workforce Capacity
CDC is pairing US-based universities and the Ethiopian Diaspora with local universities to develop a sustainable health workforce through innovative approaches to planning, training, retention, and deployment. CDC also supports Master’s degree programs in public health, health informatics and statistics, monitoring and evaluation, health administration, and biomedical engineering.
Leveraging Established Global Platforms
CDC coordinates with other domestic and global health programs to respond to emerging public health threats such as pandemic influenza through national preparedness and sentinel surveillance efforts. The Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program trains new public health leaders to investigate and respond to a range of emerging epidemics and public health challenges.
CDC’s partnership with the MoH has contributed to Ethiopia’s success in reaching 62% of those in need of ART through site support, laboratory systems, and infrastructure improvements.
CDC also implements evidence-based prevention by targeting “hot spots” and most -at-risk populations for HIV infection to assure maximum disease impact.
With CDC’s support, Ethiopia leads PEPFAR countries in HIV counseling and testing, with particular success in the integration of provider initiated counseling and testing (PICT). In the first half of fiscal year 2011, over 3.3 million people were tested for HIV.