HIV/AIDS Assets and Strategic Focus
CDC and the Government of China (GoC) partnered in 2002 to control the spread of HIV, especially in high-risk groups. CDC works with the National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention (NCAIDS) within the Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) and 15 provincial CCDCs to develop innovative strategies to prevent HIV transmission; support care and treatment programs; strengthen strategic information efforts; and build laboratory capacity.
Strengthening Public Health Systems
CDC provides technical leadership and direct assistance to the GoC to strengthen epidemiologic capacity, carry out surveillance, and provide laboratory services essential for sustainable public health systems. CDC also builds laboratory capacity for rapid testing implementation and quality assurance.
Strengthening Surveillance and Health Information Systems
CDC builds in-country capacity to design, implement, and evaluate HIV/AIDS-related surveillance systems and improves broader national health information systems to collect, store, analyze, and use high-quality data essential for HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs.
CDC provided technical assistance to NCAIDS for the third revision of the National Free ART Program Manual, which includes ART for hepatitis B and C infection and treatment as prevention for discordant couples.
CDC provided technical assistance to NCAIDS to establish a national HIV drug resistance network and evaluate novel point-of-care technologies to facilitate timely access to treatment.
CDC supported the establishment of two rural HIV/AIDS clinical training centers. As of September 2011, a total of 25 graduates are serving more than 15,300 HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral treatment (ART) in 16 provinces.
CDC supported provider-initiated testing and counseling (PITC) pilots in two provinces, which screened186,311 people for HIV and syphilis.
CDC conducted a joint evaluation of the national HIV sentinel surveillance system with WHO and UNAIDS. The number of sentinel surveillance sites in China increased rapidly from 600 in 2009 to 1,888 in 2010.