Test smoke alarms.
Every month, check your smoke alarms to ensure they
work properly. Check or replace the battery to your smoke alarm and
carbon monoxide detector when you change the time on your clocks each
spring and fall. If the alarm or detector sounds, leave your home
immediately, and call 911.
Do a skin and body check.
Check your skin and body regularly for lumps,
rashes, sores, discolorations, limitations, and other changes. Do checks
during and after bathing. Take note of other changes such as those related
to urine or bowel habits, thirst, hunger, fatigue, discharge, vision, and
weight. If you find or experience anything suspicious, see your health care
Make an appointment.
One of the best and easiest ways for adults to keep themselves healthy is to make sure they get recommended exams, screenings and immunizations. Screenings are designed to help detect some diseases in their early, most treatable stages. Make the appointment now.
Know your numbers.
Keep track of your numbers for blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol,
body mass index (BMI), and others. These numbers can provide a glimpse of your
health status and risk for certain diseases and conditions, including heart
disease, diabetes, obesity, and more. Be sure to ask your health care
provider what tests you need and how often. If your numbers are too high or
too low, he/she can make recommendations to help you get them to a healthier
Make sure you are up-to-date on your vaccinations.
Keep track of your and your family's vaccinations, and make sure they
stay up-to-date. Children, young adults, and older adults all need
vaccinations. Vaccinations help protect people from diseases and save lives.
Take the extra time to make better food choices. Eat more
fruits and vegetables as a meal, less saturated fat, and healthy grab-and-go
snacks. There are many quick and easy ways to add healthier choices to your
Wash children’s hands and toys regularly.
Hands and toys can become
contaminated from household dust or exterior soil, both of which are sources of
Know important asthma triggers.
An asthma attack can occur when you are exposed to things in the environment, such as house dust mites and tobacco smoke. These are called asthma triggers. Your personal triggers can be very different from those of another person. Some of the most important triggers are:
- Environmental Tobacco Smoke (Secondhand Smoke)
- Dust Mites
- Outdoor Air Pollution
- Cockroach Allergen
- Wood Smoke
Learn the signs for developmental problems.
Check to see if your children can
do the things associated with their age. From birth to 5 years, your
children should reach milestones in how they play, learn, speak, and act. A
delay in any of these areas could be a sign of a developmental problem.
Know the signs and symptoms for heart attack and stroke.
If you or
someone you know is having a heart attack or stroke, call 911 immediately.
With timely treatment, a person's chance of surviving a heart attack is
increased, and the risk of death and disability from stroke can be lowered.
Encourage health through play.
Encourage kids to adopt safe and healthy habits with these fun pages and
activity book. Children and adolescents should do 60 minutes (1 hour) or more of physical activity each day.
Take a break.
If you think you’re getting sick, feel yourself losing
control, or are dealing with stress, take a break. Just taking a few minutes
can give you the opportunity to clear your head so you can make better
decisions about your and your family’s health and safety.
Take care of your teeth and gums.
Drink fluoridated water and use a fluoride
toothpaste. Fluoride's protection against tooth decay works at all ages.
Brush and floss your teeth thoroughly to reduce dental plaque and help
prevent gingivitis (a form of gum disease).
Keep foods safe.
Refrigerate leftovers promptly. Bacteria can grow quickly
at room temperature, so refrigerate leftover foods if they are not going to
be eaten within 4 hours. Wash hands, utensils, and cutting boards after they
have been in contact with raw meat or poultry and before they touch another
food. Wash produce. Cook meat, poultry, and eggs thoroughly. Report
suspected foodborne illnesses to your local health department.
Before seeing your health care provider, write down all of your questions and bring the list with you to your appointment. Write down the answers during your discussion. Make sure all of your questions are answered before you leave and you know exactly what the next steps are. Don’t risk injury or other problems because you are not clear on what to do.
If instructions are confusing, get help. Talk to your health care provider. Call or visit the website of the pharmacy, clinic, equipment manufacturer, or business for information. Make sure you use credible sources and websites and ask your health care provider if the information you found applies to you. With more knowledge, you can make better decisions about your health.
Listen to a health podcast.
Podcasts on a variety of health and
safety topics are available online. Most are one to five minutes long, and
some are longer.
Disinfect surfaces to keep germs away.
Cleaning removes germs from surfaces, and disinfecting destroys germs
from surfaces. Disinfecting after cleaning gives an extra level of
protection from germs. Areas with the largest amounts of germs and
frequently used areas- such as the kitchen and bathroom- should be
disinfected with a bleach solution or another disinfectant as often as
possible to avoid the spread of germs.
If you have diabetes, check for sores and vision changes.
If you have diabetes, check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red
spots, and swelling. Call your doctor immediately if you have sores that
will not heal. Also, tell your doctor if you notice any changes in your
Get a radon test for your home.
Radon is a cancer-causing natural radioactive gas that you can’t see,
smell or taste. Its presence in your home can pose a danger to your family's
health. Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in America and
claims about 20,000 lives annually. Nearly 1 out of every 15 homes in the
U.S. is estimated to have elevated radon levels. Testing is inexpensive and
Lower greenhouse gases in the environment, reuse products, and recycle
items that can no longer be used.