Skin Cancer: Module
Age-adjusted Incidence Rates Exercise
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Question 1: Define
incidence as used in this chart. What is in the numerator? What is in
In this chart, incidence is the frequency with which cancer of the lung
or bronchus occurs in a population. The numerator is the number of new
cases of lung or bronchus cancer in the population during one year. The
denominator is the total population followed by SEER during that time.
(This is also called the population "at risk.")
Question 2: What
does "age-adjustment" mean in this context? (Tip: The "standard population"
used is listed above the graph, under "Selections.")
this chart, age-adjustment means that the incidence rate has been changed.
We have taken away the effect of different age distributions in the population
studied versus the standard 1970 U.S. population.
Question 3: What
was the age-adjusted incidence of lung and bronchus cancer for the total
population in 1973? 1985? 1998? (Tip: The "total population" is males
and females taken together. See the color key below the graph.) What was
the age-adjusted incidence for men in 1973? 1985? 1998? What was the age-adjusted
incidence for women in 1973? 1985? 1998?
The following incidence rates are estimated from the line chart. They
reflect rates per 100,000:
- The age-adjusted
incidence of lung and bronchus cancer for men and women in 1973 was
43 per 100,000. In 1985 it was 56, and in 1998 it was 55.
for men in these years (per 100,000) were 73, 84, and 70, respectively.
for women were 18, 35, and 43, respectively.
Question 4: How
can you explain the trends in lung and bronchus cancer incidence in men
compared to women over the past 25 years?
Answers may vary. But they should include
social norms regarding women smoking and
- more targeting
of women by tobacco companies.
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