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PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (PWD)/(Schedule A) Appointment Program

A Title 5 non-competitive hiring authority used to hire individuals with disabilities. No vacancy announcement is required. No grade limitation on appointment. Individual may have a probationary period for up to two years and could be converted to the competitive service after the probationary period is completed. Individuals are held to the same performance standards as all other civil service employees.

Requirements

  • Persons with intellectual disabilities, severe physical disabilities, or psychiatric disabilities
  • Proof of disability
    • Agency must obtain proof of an applicant’s disability prior to making an appointment through appropriate documentation (e.g., records, statements, or other appropriate information) issued from:
      • a licensed medical professional (e.g., a physician or other medical professional duly certified by a State, the District of Columbia, or a U.S. territory, to practice medicine);
      • a licensed vocational rehabilitation specialist (i.e., State or private);
      • or any Federal agency, State agency, or an agency of the District of Columbia or a U.S. territory that issues or provides disability benefits.
    • Sample Schedule A Certification Letter

  • Certification of job readiness (Applicants physical and mental ability to perform the duties of the position.) such as:
    • The same entity that issues the Schedule A letter can determine job readiness.
    • Resume and references can be reviewed to determine job readiness.
    • In lieu of a job readiness certification an agency can bring the individual on-board as a temporary employee.

References

OPM
Code of Federal Regulations 213.3102 (u)


PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES


Authority: Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 U.S.C. Section 791

This section describes various appointment authorities specifically used to hire people with disabilities.


People with Severe Physical Disabilities

There are two different Schedule A appointing authorities available to hire people with severe physical disabilities for employment.

  • Option 1 – Leading to Continuing Positions: This program is designed to help qualified people with physical disabilities obtain employment in positions consistent with their level of skills and abilities, at grades GS-1 to GS-15 or under the Federal Wage System.
  • Authority: 5 CFR 213.3102(u)
  • Requirements: Persons may be appointed if (1) they have already demonstrated their ability to perform the position duties satisfactorily on a temporary trial appointment, or (2) they have been certified by counselors of State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies or the Department of Veterans Affairs as likely to succeed in the performance of the position duties.
  • Type of Appointment: Excepted service
  • Conversion to Permanent Position: After completing two years of satisfactory performance, employees may be converted to appointments in the competitive service. (Authority: 5 CFR 315.709 )
  • Option 2 – Time-Limited Positions: This authority is designed to help qualified people with physical disabilities obtain time-limited employment in positions consistent with their level of skills and abilities at grades GS-1 to GS-15 or under the Federal Wage System.
  • Authority: 5 CFR 213.3102(i)(3)
  • Requirements: Persons may be appointed when OPM has determined that examining is impractical.
  • Type of Appointment: Excepted Service
  • Conversion to Permanent Position: There is no provision under this authority for conversion to a permanent appointment when the time-limited appointment expires.


People with Intellectual Disabilities

There is one Schedule A appointment authority available to hire people with intellectual disabilities.

  • Authority: 5 CFR 213.3102(t)
  • Requirements: Persons may be appointed based on certification from the appropriate State Vocational Rehabilitation Agency that they have the ability to perform the duties of the position, are physically qualified to do the work without risk to themselves or others, and are competent to maintain themselves in a work environment.
  • Type of Appointment: Excepted Service
  • Conversion to Permanent: After completing two years of successful service, employees may be converted to appointments in the competitive service. (Authority: 5 CFR 315.709


People with Psychiatric Disabilities

There are both continuing and time limited Schedule A hiring authorities available to hire people with psychiatric disabilities.

  • Option 1 – Leading to Continuing Positions: This program is designed to help qualified people with psychiatric disabilities obtain employment in positions consistent with their level of skills and abilities, at grades GS-1 to GS-15 or under the Federal Wage System.
  • Authority: 5 CFR 213.3102(gg)
  • Requirements: Persons may be appointed if (1) they have already demonstrated their ability to perform the position duties satisfactorily on a temporary appointment or (2) they have been certified by counselors of State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies or the Department of Veterans Affairs as likely to succeed in the performance of the duties of the position.
  • Type of Appointment: Excepted Service
  • Conversion to Permanent Position: After completing two years of satisfactory performance, employees may be converted to appointments in the competitive service. (Authority: 5 CFR 315.709 )
  • Option 2 – Time-Limited Positions: This authority is designed to help qualified people with psychiatric disabilities obtain time-limited employment in positions consistent with their level of skills and abilities at grades GS-1 to GS-15 or under the Federal Wage System.
  • Authority: 5 CFR 213.3102(i)(3)
  • Requirements: Persons may be appointed when OPM has determined that examining is impractical.
  • Type of Appointment: Excepted Service


Disabled Veterans (30% or more)

Veterans with a compensable service-connected disability of 30% or more may be appointed at any grade level for which they are qualified.

  • Authority:5 CFR 316.402(b)(4) and 5 CFR 316.302(b)(4)
  • Requirements: Veterans who are qualified for the positions must have retired from active military service with a disability rating of 30% or more, OR be rated by the Department of Veterans Affairs within the last year as having a compensable service-connected disability of 30% or more. Under this option, persons may be given noncompetitive temporary appointments (up to 1 year) OR term appointments (more than 1 year but not more than 4 years)
  • Type of Appointment: Competitive Service
  • Conversion to Permanent Position: Subject to meeting qualifications requirements, employees hired under this provision may be converted to permanent employment at any time provided their appointment was for more than 60 days (Authority: 5 CFR 315.707


Hiring Readers, Interpreters and other Personal Assistants

  • Authority: Schedule A, 5 CFR 213.3102(ll) permits appointments of readers, interpreters, and personal assistants for employees with disabilities. The authority applies when filled on a full-time, part-time, or intermittent basis.
  • Type of Appointment: Excepted Service
  • Conversion to Permanent Position: Employees hired under this provision may be converted to competitive service when both of the following conditions are met:
  • The person has completed at least one year of satisfactory service in such a position under a non-temporary appointment; and
  • Employment as a reader, interpreter or personal assistant is no longer necessary for reasons beyond management’s control, e.g., resignation or reassignment of the person being assisted. (Authority: 5 CFR 315.711 )

Other appointing authorities used to hire people with disabilities:

 

Contact
Human Resources:
  • CDC/ATSDR
    Human Resources Office
    4770 Buford Highway
    Mailstop K-15
    Atlanta, GA 30341
  • 770-488-1725
  • 770-488-1228 (TTY)
  • hrcs@cdc.gov
  • Page last reviewed: January 23, 2014
  • Page last updated: January 23, 2014
  • Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of the Chief Operating Officer, Human Capital and Resources Management Office
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