DPDx is an education resource designed for health professionals and laboratory scientists. For an overview including prevention and control visit www.cdc.gov/parasites/.
PCP requires treatment with prescription medicine that must be taken for three weeks. The best form of treatment for PCP is trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), which is also known by the brand names Bactrim, Septra, and Cotrim. This medicine is given orally or through a vein.
TMP-SMX can cause negative side effects such as a rash and nausea, but the benefits of treating the PCP usually outweigh the risks of these side effects. Without treatment, PCP can be fatal.
This information is provided as an informational resource for licensed health care providers as guidance only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional judgment.