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Age-Adjusted Rates of Diagnosed Diabetes per 100 Civilian, Non-Institutionalized Population, by Education, United States, 1980–2014

The age-adjusted rates of diagnosed diabetes among US adults aged 18 years or older declined by 20% (from 5.0 to 4.0 per 100) from 1980 to 1990 for those with less than a high school education and then more than tripled (from 4.0 to 12.9 per 100) from 1990 to 2014. For those with a high school education, age-adjusted rates changed little from 1980 to 1989 and then almost quadrupled (from 2.6 to 9.5 per 100) from 1989 to 2014.  For those with greater than a high school level education, rates changed little from 1980 to 1992 and then more than doubled (from 2.6 to 6.7) from 1992 to 2014 with the rate of increase slowing beginning in 2003. Throughout the period, compared with the other groups, rates were greater among those with less than a high school education.

Graph showing number of persons with diagnosed diabetes, United States, 1980-2014. Links for methodology and data limitations follow this figure.

 

Year Less than High School High School Greater than High School
Rate Standard Error Rate Standard Error Rate Standard Error
1980 5.0 0.23 2.9 0.21 2.9 0.28
1981 5.0 0.25 3.1 0.21 2.5 0.24
1982 5.1 0.38 2.9 0.32 2.7 0.37
1983 5.0 0.38 2.9 0.26 3.0 0.40
1984 4.3 0.24 2.6 0.47 2.7 0.54
1985 4.2 0.27 2.8 0.49 2.8 0.54
1986 4.4 0.30 3.6 0.65 2.9 0.53
1987 4.3 0.24 3.0 0.39 3.5 0.45
1988 4.1 0.22 2.4 0.39 2.7 0.34
1989 4.4 0.23 2.6 0.41 2.3 0.36
1990 4.0 0.21 3.4 0.41 2.3 0.33
1991 4.9 0.24 3.1 0.37 2.1 0.31
1992 4.8 0.22 3.2 0.39 2.6 0.42
1993 4.8 0.28 3.6 0.43 3.0 0.37
1994 6.7 0.56 4.3 0.28 2.5 0.23
1995 7.0 0.53 4.6 0.36 3.4 0.30
1996 6.6 0.67 3.8 0.39 3.0 0.38
1997 8.3 0.36 5.2 0.24 3.9 0.17
1998 8.1 0.36 5.5 0.26 4.1 0.21
1999 7.7 0.36 5.7 0.27 4.5 0.20
2000 9.2 0.43 5.9 0.27 4.8 0.19
2001 9.8 0.47 7.0 0.31 4.9 0.19
2002 9.8 0.46 6.9 0.28 5.3 0.22
2003 9.2 0.42 6.1 0.27 5.9 0.22
2004 9.8 0.40 7.1 0.29 5.9 0.23
2005 10.3 0.44 7.4 0.31 6.3 0.22
2006 10.6 0.37 8.1 0.31 6.3 0.20
2007 11.5 0.52 7.9 0.40 6.1 0.30
2008 11.9 0.62 9.0 0.43 6.2 0.25
2009 12.9 0.67 9.4 0.41 7.1 0.28
2010 12.5 0.49 9.0 0.36 7.5 0.26
2011 12.9 0.49 8.9 0.34 6.9 0.19
2012 12.3 0.51 9.5 0.36 7.0 0.21
2013 12.2 0.53 9.4 0.38 7.5 0.21
2014 12.9 0.55 9.5 0.34 6.7 0.22


 

Methods and Limitations

 

Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Interview Statistics, data from the National Health Interview Survey. Statistical analysis by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Diabetes Translation.

 

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