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2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet

Estimates of Prediabetes Prevalence Using Various Definition Criteria

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Table 3. Percentage of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population aged 20 years or older with prediabetes according to levels of fasting plasma glucose, 2-hour glucose tolerance, and hemoglobin A1c, National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005–2008


 

Prediabetes (%)

FPG 100−125
 

29.27
 

A1c 5.7−6.4
 

17.06
 

OGTT 140−199
 
14.71

FPG 100−125 or A1c 5.7−6.4
 
35.14

FPG 100−125 or OGTT 140−199
 
33.12

A1c 5.7−6.4 or OGTT 140−199
 
24.56

FPG 100−125 or A1c 5.7−6.4 or OGTT 140−199
 
37.50

Note: Estimates are based on the morning subsample of adults who had a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test and vary slightly from the estimates presented in the National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011. FPG, fasting plasma glucose; OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test; A1c, hemoglobin A1c.
Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Statistical analysis by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Diabetes Translation.
References for Laboratory Methods: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: Laboratory Files [Internet], 2010. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/nhanes2005-2006/lab_methods_05_06.htm and http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/nhanes2007-2008/lab_methods_07_08.htm; Cowie et al. Full accounting of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the U.S. population in 1988−1994 and 2005−2006. Diabetes Care 2009;32:287−294.

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Table 4. Percentage of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population aged 20 years or older with prediabetes according to levels of fasting plasma glucose, 2-hour glucose tolerance, and hemoglobin A1c, by age, sex, and race/ethnicity, National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005−2008.


Prediabetes (%)

Crude

FPG 100−125

A1c 5.7−6.4

OGTT 140−199

≥20
 

29.27
 

17.06
 

14.71
 

20–44
 

19.93
 

7.63
 

8.95
 

45–64
 

36.51
 

21.56
 

16.39
 

≥65
 

39.39
 

33.36
 

26.97
 

Age-adjusted

 

 

 

≥20
 

28.54
 

16.53
 

14.46
 

Men
 

35.08
 

16.49
 

14.16
 

Women
 

22.42
 

16.40
 

14.84
 

Non-Hispanic Whites
 

28.41
 

14.38
 

14.57
 

Non-Hispanic Blacks
 

20.37
 

27.13
 

8.73
 

Mexican-Americans
 

31.92
 

18.37
 

16.94
 

Crude

FPG 100−125 or A1c 5.7−6.4

FPG 100−125 or OGTT 140−199

A1c 5.7−6.4 or OGTT 140−199

FPG 100−125 or A1c 5.7−6.4 or OGTT 140−199

≥20
 

35.14
 

33.12
 

24.56
 

37.50
 

20–44
 

23.22
 

24.41
 

14.64
 

27.42
 

45–64
 

43.09
 

39.99
 

29.56
 

45.02
 

≥65
 

50.83
 

42.29
 

41.09
 

49.04
 

Age-adjusted

 

 

 

 

≥20
 

34.30
 

32.43
 

23.97
 

36.73
 

Men
 

39.63
 

37.77
 

24.25
 

41.22
 

Women
 

29.14
 

27.49
 

23.70
 

32.47
 

Non-Hispanic Whites
 

32.98
 

32.25
 

22.20
 

35.54
 

Non-Hispanic Blacks
 

34.96
 

23.14
 

29.28
 

35.78
 

Mexican-Americans
 

38.17
 

36.10
 

26.91
 

40.14
 

Note: Estimates are based on the morning subsample of adults who had a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test and vary slightly from the estimates presented in the National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011. Age-adjusted on the basis of the 2000 U.S. standard population. FPG, fasting plasma glucose; OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test; A1c, hemoglobin A1c.
Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Statistical analysis by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Diabetes Translation.
References for Laboratory Methods: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: Laboratory Files [Internet], 2010. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/nhanes2005-2006/lab_methods_05_06.htm and http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/nhanes2007-2008/lab_methods_07_08.htm; Cowie et al. Full accounting of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the U.S. population in 1988−1994 and 2005−2006. Diabetes Care 2009;32:287−294.

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