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Consumers Home > Additional DES Resources > DES Bibliography > Men Exposed to DES Before Birth (in the Womb), Known as DES Sons
Men Exposed to DES Before Birth (in the Womb), Known as DES Sons

DES Bibliography

 Women Exposed to DES While Pregnant
 Women Exposed to DES Before Birth (in the Womb), Known as DES Daughters
 Men Exposed to DES Before Birth (in the Womb), Known as DES Sons
 Third Generation (Offspring of DES Daughters or Sons)

Ambramsson L. On the investigation of men from infertile relations: a clinical study with special regard to anamnesis, physical examination, semen-, hormone- and chromosome analyses, from men with non-"normal" semen. Scand J Urol Nephrol 1988;Suppl 113:1-47.

Ambramsson L, Duchek M, Lundgren B. Conception rate for infertile couples: the importance of anamnesis and signs of genital disease in men with abnormal semen findings. Scand J Urol Nephrol 1989;23(3):165-71.

Andonian RW, Kessler R. Transplacental exposure to diethylstilbestrol in men. Urology 1979;13:276.

Bibbo M, Al-Naqeeb M, Baccarini I, Gill W, Newton M, Sleeper KM, et al. Follow-up study of male and female offspring of DES-treated mothers: a preliminary report. J Reprod Med 1975;15:29.

Bibbo M, Gill WB, Azizi F, Blough R, Fang VS, Rosenfield RL, et al. Follow-up study of male and female offspring of DES-exposed mothers. Obstet Gynecol 1977;49(1):1-7.

Bibbo M, Ali I, Al-Naqeeb M, Baccarini I, Climaco LA, Gill W, et al. Cytologic findings in female and male offspring of DES-treated mothers. Acta Cytol 1975;19:568.

Braun MM, Ahlbom A, Floderus B, Brinton LA, Hoover RN. Effect of twinship on incidence of cancer of the testis, breast, and other sites [Sweden]. Cancer Causes Control 1995;6:519-24.

Brown LM, Pottern LM, Hoover RN. Prenatal and perinatal risk factors for testicular cancer. Cancer Res 1986;46:4812-6.

Clark LC, Portier KM. Diethylstilbestrol and the risk of cancer. N Eng J Med 1979;300(5):263-4.

Conley GR, Sant GR, Ucci AA, Micheson HD. Seminoma and epididymal cysts in a young man with known diethylstilbestrol exposure in utero. JAMA 1983;249:1325-6.

Cosgrove MD, Benton B, Henderson BE. Male genitourinary abnormalities and maternal diethylstilbestrol. J Urol 1977;117(2):220-2.

Depue RH, Pike MC, Henderson BE. Estrogen exposure during gestation and risk of testicular cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1983;71:1151-5.

Driscoll SG, Taylor SH. Effects of prenatal maternal estrogen on the male urogenital tract. Obstet Gynecol 1980;56(5):537-42.

Gershman ST, Stolley PD. A case-control study of testicular cancer using Connecticut Tumor Registry data. Int J Epidemiol 1988;17:738-42.

Gill WB, Schumacher GFB, Bibbo M, Straus FH, Schoenberg HW. Association of diethylstilbestrol exposure in utero with cryptochidism, testicular hypoplasia and semen abnormalities. J Urol 1979;122:36-9.

Gill WB, Schumacher GFB, Bibbo M. Structural and functional abnormalities in the sex organs of male offspring of mothers treated with diethylstilbestrol (DES). J Reprod Med 1976;16(4):147-53.

Gill WB, Schumacher GFB, Bibbo M. Pathological semen and anatomical abnormalities of the genital tract in human male subjects exposed to diethylstilbestrol in utero. J Urol 1977;117:477-80.

Gill WB, Schumacher GFB, Hubby MM, et al. Male genital tract changes in humans following intrauterine exposure to diethylstilbestrol [review]. In: Herbst AL, Bern HA, editors. Developmental effects of diethylstilbestrol (DES) in pregnancy. New York: Thieme-Stratton, Inc.; 1981. Chapter 8.

Goldberg J, Falcone T. Effect of diethylstilbestrol on reproductive function. Fertil Steril 1999;72:1-7.

Goy RB, McEwen BS. Sexual differentiation of the brain. Cambridge (MA): The MIT Press; 1980.

Herbst AL. Diethylstilbestrol and other sex hormones during pregnancy [review]. Obstet Gynecol 1981;58(Suppl):S35-S40.

Hembree WC, Nagler HM, Fang JS, Myles EL, Jagiello GM. Infertility in a patient with abnormal spermatogenesis and in utero DES exposure [case report]. Int J Fert 1988;33(3):173-7.

Henderson BE, Benton B, Jing J, Yu MC, Pike MC. Risk factors for cancer of the testis in young men. Int J Cancer 1979;23:598-602.

Henderson BE, Benton B, Cosgrove M, Baptista J, Aldrich J, Townsend D. Urogenital tract abnormalities in sons of women treated with diethylstilbestrol. Pediatrics 1976;58(4):505-7.

Hinman F Jr. Unilateral abdominal cryptorchidism. J Urol 1979;122:71-5.

Kappel B, Hansen K, Moller J, Faaborg-Andersen J. Human placental lactogen and dU-estrogen levels in normal twin pregnancies. Acta Genet Med Gemellol (Roma) 1985;34:59-65.

Leary FJ, Resseguie LJ, Kurland LT, O'Brien PC, Emslander RF, Noller K. Males exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol. JAMA 1984;525(21):2984-9.

Loughlin JE, Robboy SJ, Morrison AS. Risk factors for cancer of the testis [letter to the editor]. N Engl J Med 1980;303(2):112-3.

McLachlan JA, Newbold RR, Li S, Negishi M. Are estrogens carcinogenic during development of the testes? APMIS 1998;106(1):240-4.

McLachlan JA. Rodent models for perinatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol and their relation to human disease in the male. In: Herbst AL, Bern HA, editors. Developmental effects of diethylstilbestrol (DES) in pregnancy. New York: Thieme-Stratton, Inc.; 1981.

McLachlan et al. Science. 1975;190:991-2.

Moller H, Skakkebaek NE. Testicular cancer and cryptorchidism in relation to prenatal factors: case-control studies in Denmark. Cancer Causes Control. 1997;8:904-12.

Moss A, Osmond D, Bacchetti P, Torit FM, Gurgin V. Hormonal risk factors in testicular cancer: a case-control study. Am J Epidemiol 1986;124:39-52.

Newbold RR, Bullock BC, McLachlan JA. Lesions of the rete testis in mice exposed prenatally to diethylstilbestrol. Cancer Res 1985;45:5145-8.

Newbold RR, Bullock BC, McLachlan JA. Testicular tumors in mice exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol. J Urol 1987;138:1446-50.

Niculescu A. Effects of in utero exposure to DES on male progeny. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 1985;14:468-70.

Panagiotopoulou K, Katsouyanni K, Petridou E, Garas Y, Tzonou A, Trichopoulos D. Maternal age, parity, and pregnancy estrogens. Cancer Causes Control 1990;11:119-24.

Petridou E, Roukas K, Dessypris N, Aravantinos G, Bafaloukos D, Efraimidis A, et al. Baldness and other correlates of sex hormones in relation to testicular cancer. Int J Cancer 1997;71:982-5.

Pylkkanen L, Makela S, Valve E, Harkonen P, Toikkanen S, Santti R. Prostatic dysplasia associated with increased expression of c-myc in neonatally estrogenized mice. J Urol 1993;149:1593-1601.

Rosing U, Carlstrom K. Serum levels of unconjugated and total oestrogens and dehydroepiandrosterone, progesterone and urinary oestriol excetion in pre-eclampasia. Gynecol Obstet Invest 1984;18:199-205.

Schottenfeld D, Warschauer ME, Sherlock S, Zauber AG, Leder M, Payne R. The epidemiology of testicular cancer in young adults. Am J Epidemiol 1980;112:232-46.

Seigler AM, Wang CF, Friberg J. Fertility of diethylstilbestrol exposed offspring [review]. Fertil Steril 1979;31:601-7.

Stenchever MA, Williamson RA, Leonard J, Karp LE, Ley B, Shy K, et al. Possible relationship between in utero diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure and male infertility. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1981;140:186-93.

Stillman RJ. In utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol: adverse effects on the reproductive tract and reproductive performance in male and female offspring [review]. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982;142:905-21.

Strohsnitter WC, Noller KL, Hoover RN, Robboy SJ, Palmer JR, Titus-Ernstoff L, et al. Cancer risk in men exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol. J Natl Cancer Inst 2001;93(7);545-51.

Turusov VS, Trukhanova LS, Parfenov YD, Tomatis L. Occurrence of tumors in the descendants of CBA male mice prenatally treated with diethylstilbestrol. Int J Cancer 1992; 50:131-5.

Vessey MP, Fairweather DVI, Norman-Smith B, Buckley J. A randomized double-blind controlled trial of the value of diethylstilbestrol therapy in pregnancy: long-term follow-up of mothers and their offspring. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1983;90:1007-17.

Vessey MP. Epidemiologic studies of the effects of diethylstilbestrol [review]. IARC Sci Publ 1989;96:335-48.

Whitehead ED, Leiter E. Genital abnormalities and abnormal semen analyses in males exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in utero. J Urol 1981;125:47-50.

Wilcox AJ, Baird DD, Weinberg CR, Hornsby PP, Herbst AL. Fertility in men exposed prenatally to diethylstilbestrol. N Engl J Med 1995;332:1411-6.

Wingard DL, Turiel J. Long-term effects of exposure to diethylstilbestrol. West J Med 1988;149(5):551-4.

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