Data and Statistics
Work-Related Lung Disease (WoRLD) Surveillance System
This CDC national surveillance system is maintained by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). It includes up-to-date summary tables, graphs, and figures of occupation-related respiratory disease surveillance data on pneumoconioses, occupational asthma and other airways diseases, and several other respiratory conditions including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Learn more about the Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System.
COPD Death Rates in the United States
Although death rates for COPD have declined among US men between 1999 (57.0 per 100,000) and 2010 (47.6 per 100,000) in the United States, there has been no significant change among death rates in women (35.3 per 100,000 in 1999 and 36.4 per 100,000 in 2010).
COPD Prevalence in the United States
The previous figure shows age-adjusted prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among adults in the United States during 2011. The prevalence of COPD varies considerably by state, from <4% in Washington and Minnesota to >9% in Alabama and Kentucky. The states with the highest COPD prevalence are clustered along the Ohio and lower Mississippi Rivers.
Although the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey provides data critical for monitoring national and state population health, it does not have sufficient samples to produce direct survey estimates for most counties or sub-county areas. Therefore, we used BRFSS data to develop statistical models estimating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence at different geographic levels including counties, congressional districts, and census tracts. These estimates could be used in a variety of contexts and meet the diverse small-area health data needs of local policy makers, program planners, and communities for public health program planning and evaluation.
The maps below present model-based COPD prevalence by county, congressional district, and census tract.1
1Zhang X, Holt JB, Lu H, Wheaton AG, Ford ES, Greenlund KJ, Croft JB. Multilevel regression and poststratification for small area estimation of population health outcomes: a case study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence using BRFSS. Am J Epidemiol. 2014;179(8):1025-1033.
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