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Work-Related Lung Disease (WoRLD) Surveillance System

This CDC national surveillance system is maintained by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). It includes up-to-date summary tables, graphs, and figures of occupation-related respiratory disease surveillance data on pneumoconioses, occupational asthma and other airways diseases, and several other respiratory conditions including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Learn more about the Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System.

COPD Death Rates in the United States

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Line graph of COPD death rates in the United States 1999 to 2010

 

Although death rates for COPD have declined among US men between 1999 (57.0 per 100,000) and 2010 (47.6 per 100,000) in the United States, there has been no significant change among death rates in women (35.3 per 100,000 in 1999 and 36.4 per 100,000 in 2010).

Printable Version [PDF 137kb]

Map of COPD prevalence in the United States 2010 displaying age-standardized death rates for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), by State. State rates are grouped into quartiles. Data were obtained from the National Vital Statistics System at http://wonder.cdc.gov. COPD as the underlying cause of death was defined by ICD-10 codes J40-J44. Death rates are reported per 100,000 population and were age-standardized to the 2000 US standard population. Death Rate per 100,000 Age standardized. 16.1 - 37.6 – Hawaii, California, Utah, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, Virginia, Washington, D.C.. 37.7 - 43.3 - Alaska, Washington, North Dakota, Arizona, Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Delaware, Rhode Island, New Hampshire. 43.4-48.4 – Oregon, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, New Mexico, South Dakota, Nebraska, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Vermont, Maine. 50.4-60.8 - Montana, Wyoming, Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, West Virginia, Tennessee.

 

COPD Prevalence in the United States

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Map of COPD prevalence in the United States 2011 displaying age-standardized death rates for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), by State, for 2011. The prevalence of COPD varies considerably by state, from <4% in Washington and Minnesota to >9% in Alabama and Kentucky. The states with the highest COPD prevalence are clustered along the Ohio and lower Mississippi Rivers.

The previous figure shows age-adjusted prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among adults in the United States during 2011. The prevalence of COPD varies considerably by state, from <4% in Washington and Minnesota to >9% in Alabama and Kentucky. The states with the highest COPD prevalence are clustered along the Ohio and lower Mississippi Rivers.

Using the BRFSS COPD Data [PDF - 97KB]

Although the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey provides data critical for monitoring national and state population health, it does not have sufficient samples to produce direct survey estimates for most counties or sub-county areas. Therefore, we used BRFSS data to develop statistical models estimating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence at different geographic levels including counties, congressional districts, and census tracts. These estimates could be used in a variety of contexts and meet the diverse small-area health data needs of local policy makers, program planners, and communities for public health program planning and evaluation.

The maps below present model-based COPD prevalence by county, congressional district, and census tract.1  

 

Map displaying model-based prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), by county in the United States, 2011. Data sources for development of model included CDC’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2011), the U.S. Census (2010), and the American Community Survey (2007-2011). COPD was defined as a positive response to the BRFSS question, “Have you ever been told by a doctor or health professional that you have COPD, emphysema, or chronic bronchitis?” County COPD prevalence estimates ranged from 2.3% to 26.3%

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Map displaying model-based prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), by congressional district in the United States, 2011. Data sources for development of model included CDC’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2011), the U.S. Census (2010), and the American Community Survey (2007-2011). COPD was defined as a positive response to the BRFSS question, “Have you ever been told by a doctor or health professional that you have COPD, emphysema, or chronic bronchitis?” Congressional district COPD prevalence estimates ranged from 2.8% to 13.4%

Printable Version [PDF 1.06MB]

Map displaying model-based prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), by census tract in the United States, 2011. Data sources for development of model included CDC’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2011), the U.S. Census (2010), and the American Community Survey (2007-2011). COPD was defined as a positive response to the BRFSS question, “Have you ever been told by a doctor or health professional that you have COPD, emphysema, or chronic bronchitis?” Census tract COPD prevalence estimates ranged from 1.0% to 33.2%

Printable Version [PDF 8MB]

 1Zhang X, Holt JB, Lu H, Wheaton AG, Ford ES, Greenlund KJ, Croft JB. Multilevel regression and poststratification for small area estimation of population health outcomes: a case study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence using BRFSS. Am J Epidemiol. 2014;179(8):1025-1033.

 

 

 

 
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