Beyond the Data
Beyond the Data brings you “take home” messages for you to use in your practice, in your classroom and in your home.
Beyond the Data -- Understanding the Causes of Major Birth Defects: Steps to Prevention
Dr. John Iskander and Dr. Allen Mitchell discuss some of the public health advances in preventing birth defects. Birth defects are common, occurring in 1 in 33 pregnancies and affecting 120,000 babies born each year. While the vast majority of their causes remain unknown, there is much that public health workers and individuals can do to reduce the risk of birth defects.
Public health workers must continue to:
- Identify genetic and environmental causes of birth defects,
- Monitor medications that may increase or decrease risk to pregnant women and
- Implement simple interventions that may help to reduce risk.
- Manage pre-pregnancy obesity,
- Control blood sugar and diabetes and
- Avoid smoking.
Beyond the Data -- Global Polio Eradication: Reaching Every Last Child
Dr. Phoebe Thorpe and Dr. Elias Durry discuss the challenges in eradicating polio worldwide. Reaching every last child and making the world polio free is possible, but everyone has to do their part.
- Public health agencies must continue to strengthen surveillance systems and immunization programs,
- Governments must support the efforts of vaccinators by ensuring safe environments to work and
- Community leaders must partner with vaccinators to educate their communities.
Beyond the Data - Addressing Preparedness Challenges for Children in Public Health Emergencies
Dr. Phoebe Thorpe and Dr. Georgina Peacock discuss ways in which we can better provide for the needs of children during public health disasters. We have made great strides over the years but there is always more work to do.
Public health systems must:
- Ensure medications and equipment for children are readily available
- Continue to provide recommendations to help everyone prepare for disasters
Families need to:
- Have extra medication and supplies on hand in case of evacuation
- Identify alternative power options for medical equipment in the event there is a power outage
Health professionals can
- Participate in disaster drills to identify ways in which they can provide assistance
- Use available resources to educate families on planning for emergencies
Beyond the Data - Prevention and Control of Skin Cancer
Dr. John Iskander and Admiral Boris Lushniak discuss the dangers of skin cancer and the actions that individuals, clinicians, policy makers and public health professionals can take to help people protect their skin while enjoying the outdoors.
- Avoid natural and artificial tanning
- Seek shade, especially during peak sun
- Put on sunscreen and protective clothing
- Be aware of the signs and symptoms of skin cancer
- Be knowledgeable about proper diagnosis
Policy makers should:
- Introduce shade policies in outdoor recreation areas
- Consider restrictions on the use of artificial tanning facilities
Public Health must:
- Improve surveillance efforts
- Identify prevention strategies that work
- Strengthen communication about the risks
Beyond the Data -- Dengue and Chikungunya in Our Backyard: Preventing Aedes Mosquito-Borne Diseases
Dr. Phoebe Thorpe and Dr. Marc Fischer discuss the diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitos and some practical ways individuals can protect themselves.
Individuals should limit exposure to mosquitos by
- Using repellants when outdoors
- Emptying standing water sources around their homes
- Wearing long pants and long-sleeves and
- Ensuring that window and door screens are intact
- Take advantage of CDC’s clinical case management training
- Be aware of signs and symptoms of mosquito-borne diseases
Beyond the Data -- Working to Eliminate Measles Around the Globe
Dr. Phoebe Thorpe and Dr. Peter Strebel discuss the ongoing challenges to eliminating measles worldwide. Measles is highly infectious, but it can be prevented with financial and political commitment by all countries around the globe.
Individuals should know that:
- One case of measles anywhere poses risks everywhere,
- On-time, routine vaccination is safe and effective and
- Widespread vaccination coverage is key to elimination.
- Page last reviewed: January 22, 2015
- Page last updated: January 22, 2015
- Content source:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Page maintained by: Office of the Associate Director for Communication, Division of News and Electronic Media