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Malaria Eradication: Back to the Future

Public Health Grand Rounds


Approximately half of the world′s population is at risk of malaria. In 2008, malaria caused an estimated 243 million cases of malaria and 863,000 deaths. Although cases occur across the globe, 85% of the world′s malaria deaths occur in Africa, where the disease accounts for up to 40% of public health expenditures.

The global malaria eradication campaign of the mid-20th century was successful in eliminating disease in subtropical zones; however, decreased funding and support have led to resurgence. To make matters worse, growing resistance to anti-malarial medicines further undermined efforts to control the disease.

Fortunately, in the last decade interest in controlling the world′s malaria burden has led to substantial increases in financial commitments. These increased resources have resulted in scaling up malaria control programs, especially in Africa, and subsequent reductions in malaria morbidity and mortality, prompting discussion of the possibility of elimination and eventual eradication. This session of Public Health Grand Rounds reviewed the history of the eradication campaign, current malaria control efforts, and strategies to eliminate this deadly disease.


Presented By

Laurence Slutsker, MD, MPH, Associate Director of Science, Center for Global Health (CGH)

S. Patrick Kachur, MD, MPH, Chief, Strategic and Applied Science Unit, Malaria Branch, CGH

John R. MacArthur, MD, MPH, Chief, Program Implementation Unit, Malaria Branch, CGH

Richard W. Steketee, MD, MPH, Science Director, Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa (MACEPA), PATH

Facilitated By

Tanja Popovic, MD, PhD, Scientific Director, Public Health Grand Rounds

Shane Joiner, Communication Manager, Public Health Grand Rounds

  • Page last reviewed: November 17, 2010
  • Page last updated: November 17, 2010
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