Text Version

A Few Milestones in CDC Laboratory Science
(1946-1996)

1940's

1950's

1946 Communicable Disease Center Laboratories Established at Chamblee 1950 Grady Memorial Hospital CDC Clinical Pathology Laboratories Established
1947 Bureaus of Laboratory (Parasitology, Virology, and Bacteriology) Epidemiology and Training Established 1955 Flourescent Antibody Test Developed Speeding Diagnosis of Infectious Disease
1957 Cholesterol Standardization Program Begins

1960's

1970's

1960 CDC Clifton Road Laboratories Open 1973 NIOSH Research Laboratories Established
1961 National Laboratory Improvement Program to Standardize Diagnostic Tests 1976 Causative Organism for Legionnaires Disease Isolated
1966 Rapid Method for Diagnosis of Smallpox Ebola Virus Identified as Cause of Hemorrhagic Fever
1968 PKU Standardization Program Initiated 1977 Fibrous Aerosol Monitor Developed
1969 Clinical Laboratory Licensure Program under CLIA '67 1978 Hematofluorometer Improves Screening for Childhood Lead Poisoning
Monoclonal Antibody Test for Lassa Virus Developed Expanded Maximum Containment Laboratory

1980's

1990's

1980 Monoclonal Antibody Panel for Rabies Viruses Developed 1990 HIV Strain Testing Points to Transmission to Patient during Dental Procedures
Award for Design of Aerodynamic Particle Sizer 1991 CDC Receives Lead Responsibility for PHS for CLIA '88
1981 Staphylococcus aureus Probable Cause of Toxic Shock Syndrome 1992 CDC Recommends Use of Folic Acid to Reduce Neural Tube Defects
1982 Foodborne E. coli O157:H7 Linked to Hemorrhagic Colitis Method for Cotinine Analysis, which Indicates Amount of Smoke Exposure
1983 AIDS Antibody Tests Developed Serologic Test for Cat-Scratch Disease Developed
Correlation between Use of Leaded Gasoline and Blood Lead Levels First Biotechnology Patent Awarded to CDC Scientist
1985 Increased Awareness of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria 1993 Hanta Virus Identified as Cause for Pulmonary Syndrome
1986 New Method to Assess Exposure to Environmental Toxicants Determines DNA Sequence for Smallpox Virus Genome Strain
1988 Public Health Laboratory Information System Launched Outbreak of Illness Traced to Cryptosporidium in Drinking Water
Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Launched 1994 Method to Determine Fiber Length Developed for Use in Lung Disease Research
New BSL-4 Laboratory Opened Effect on Reproductive Hormones Found in Workers Exposed to Dioxin
1989 National Laboratory Training Network Established 1995 NLTN Sponsors 215 Training Courses Reaching over 10,000 Participants
Identification of Agent causing Non-A, Non-B Hepatitis Test Developed for Rapid Diagnosis of Ebola Virus
New Diagnostic Technique for Filoviruses Causing Hemorrhagic Fevers 1996 PCR Assay for Malaria Developed

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Created April 9, 1996