NPCR Patterns of Care Studies
In 1999, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences released a report on Ensuring Quality Cancer Care, noting that some cancer patients did not receive care known to be effective for their condition. In 2000, the IOM recommended that cancer data systems, such as population-based cancer registries, be enhanced and used to assess quality of cancer care and examine variations in the use of appropriate standards of care in the United States.
In response to the IOM's recommendations, CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) has funded and collaborated with state population-based cancer registries to conduct patterns of cancer care studies. These studies are part of a larger NPCR initiative to conduct cancer surveillance studies with NPCR member registries. Activities within the NPCR initiative include developing, conducting, and evaluating cancer surveillance projects targeting specific cancers, such as breast, colorectal, prostate, ovarian, or oral/pharyngeal cancers.