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HPV-Associated Vulvar Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity

Vulvar cancers are rare. It is estimated that about 3,554 new cases of HPV-associated vulvar cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year.* More white women get HPV-associated vulvar cancer than women of other races.

*Note: This study used cancer registry data to estimate the amount of HPV-associated cancer in the United States by examining cancer in parts of the body and cancer cell types that are more likely to be caused by HPV. Cancer registries do not collect data on the presence or absence of HPV in cancer tissue at the time of diagnosis. In general, HPV is thought to be responsible for about 69% of vulvar cancers.

HPV-Associated Vulvar Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity, United States, 2008–2012

Graph showing the age-adjusted incidence rates for vulvar cancer in the United States during 2008 to 2012 by race and ethnicity.

The graph above shows age-adjusted incidence rates for HPV-associated vulvar cancer in the United States during 2008–2012. “AI/AN” means American Indian/Alaska Native, and “A/PI” means Asian/Pacific Islander. The rates shown are the number of women who were diagnosed with HPV-associated vulvar cancer for every 100,000 women. About 2.1 white women, 1.5 black women, 1.1 American Indian/Alaska Native women, and 0.4 Asian/Pacific Islander women were diagnosed with HPV-associated vulvar cancer per 100,000 women. About 1.3 Hispanic women were diagnosed with HPV-associated vulvar cancer per 100,000 women, compared to 2.1 non-Hispanic women.

This graph was adapted from Viens LJ, Henley SJ, Watson M, Markowitz LE, Thomas CC, Thompson TD, Razzaghi H, Saraiya M, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Human papillomavirus–associated cancers—United States, 2008–2012. MMWR 2016;65(26):661–666.

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