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HPV-Associated Cancers Rates by Race and Ethnicity

The rate of people getting HPV-associated cancers varies by race and ethnicity.

“Incidence rate” means how many people out of a given number get the disease each year. Incidence rates of HPV-associated cancers varied by sex and race or ethnic group.*

  • Black and Hispanic women had higher rates of HPV-associated cervical cancer than white and non-Hispanic women.
  • Black women had higher rates of HPV-associated vaginal cancer than white women.
  • Black and Hispanic women had lower rates of HPV-associated vulvar cancer than white and non-Hispanic women.
  • Rates of anal and rectal HPV-associated cancers were higher in black men compared with white men, but lower in black women compared with white women. The rate of anal HPV-associated cancer in Hispanic men and women was lower than in non-Hispanics.
  • In all races and ethnicities, men had higher rates of HPV-associated oropharyneal cancer than women. Black and Hispanic men and women had lower rates of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancers than white and non-Hispanic men and women.
  • Black and Hispanic men had higher rates of HPV-associated penile cancer than white and non-Hispanic men.
  • Overall, Asian and Pacific Islander men and women had lower rates of HPV-associated cancers than white men and women.

*Note: This study used cancer registry data to estimate the amount of HPV-associated cancer in the United States by examining cancer in parts of the body and cancer cell types that are more likely to be caused by HPV. Cancer registries do not collect data on the presence or absence of HPV in cancer tissue at the time of diagnosis.

References

Viens LJ, Henley SJ, Watson M, Markowitz LE, Thomas CC, Thompson TD, Razzaghi H, Saraiya M, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Human papillomavirus–associated cancers—United States, 2008–2012. MMWR 2016;65(26):661–666.

Assessing the burden of HPV-associated cancers in the United States (ABHACUS). Cancer 2008;113(S10).

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