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Prevalence estimates of selected chronic disease risk behaviors among American Indian/Alaska Native and non-Hispanic White adults residing in CHSDA counties—Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2000–2006a

 NHW TotalaAI/AN TotalaNorthern PlainsbAlaskacSouthern PlainsdPacific CoasteEastfSouthwestg
%h(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)
Age Group
18–4956.2(55.9–56.4)71.1(69.3–72.9)74.3(71.5–76.9)72.1(69.7–74.4)67.9(65.7–70.0)69.3(64.5–73.7)66.9(61.6–71.8)77.3(75.2–79.4)
50+43.8(43.6–44.1)28.9(27.1–30.7)25.7(23.1–28.5)27.9(25.6–30.3)32.1(30.0–34.3)30.7(26.3–35.5)33.1(28.2–38.4)22.7(20.6–24.8)
Gender
Male48.7(48.4–49.0)51.1(49.1–53.1)47.3(43.9–50.7)47.6(45.0–50.2)49.0(46.7–51.4)55.3(50.5–60.1)55.4(50.5–60.2)46.1(43.3–48.9)
Female51.3(51.0–51.6)48.9(46.9–50.9)52.7(49.3–56.1)52.4(49.8–55.0)51.0(48.6–53.3)44.7(39.9–49.5)44.6(39.8–49.5)53.9(51.1–56.7)
Marital Status
Married61.1(60.8–61.4)48.9(47.0–50.8)43.9(40.7–47.1)47.4(44.8–50.1)55.2(53.0–57.4)49.7(45.2–54.2)46.3(41.6–51.2)48.8(46.1–51.4)
Divorced, Widowed, Separated17.8(17.6–18.0)25.0(23.3–26.7)25.3(22.8–27.9)21.9(19.8–24.2)25.6(23.7–27.5)25.4(21.5–29.8)30.4(26.7–34.4)20.0(17.9–22.2)
Never Married, or a Member of an Unmarried Couple21.1(20.9–21.4)26.1(24.7–27.5)30.8(28.0–33.9)30.6(28.7–32.6)19.2(17.6–21.0)24.9(21.6–28.4)23.3(19.5–27.5)31.3(29.3–33.3)
Education
Less Than High School7.2(7.1–7.4)23.1(21.3–24.9)26.7(23.9–29.8)26.8(24.5–29.2)17.5(15.6–19.6)25.4(21.2–30.1)24.9(20.7–29.6)20.4(18.3–22.8)
High School Graduate28.8(28.6–29.1)36.3(34.3–38.3)34.4(31.2–37.9)43.6(41.3–46.0)36.7(34.5–39.0)36.6(31.8–41.6)34.5(30.0–39.3)35.1(32.4–37.8)
Some College or Technical School30.8(30.5–31.1)27.7(26.0–29.4)25.5(23.0–28.2)20.4(18.6–22.5)29.3(27.2–31.5)26.8(22.9–31.1)28.7(24.3–33.6)30.0(27.5–32.6)
College Graduate33.1(32.9–33.4)12.9(11.8–14.1)13.3(11.5–15.4)9.1(7.3–11.2)16.4(14.9–18.1)11.2(8.9–14.1)11.9(9.3–15.2)14.5(12.5–16.8)
Income
<$15,0007.1(6.9–7.3)16.8(15.5–18.3)16.9(14.9–19.0)17.3(15.6–19.2)14.9(13.2–16.7)18.6(15.2–22.5)15.4(12.4–19.0)15.3(13.5–17.3)
$15,000–$34,99925.0(24.8–25.3)40.3(38.3–42.3)40.5(37.4–43.8)35.5(33.0–38.2)43.6(41.3–45.9)36.6(31.8–41.8)44.5(39.5–49.7)41.5(38.6–44.4)
$35,000–$74,99934.5(34.2–34.8)24.8(23.1–26.5)22.3(19.7–25.0)21.0(18.6–23.5)23.3(21.5–25.2)28.0(24.0–32.4)23.6(19.5–28.3)24.9(22.4–27.6)
≥$75,00022.0(21.7–22.2)6.9(6.1–7.8)6.3(4.9–8.2)10.0(8.5–11.7)7.4(6.1–9.1)7.4(5.5–10.0)5.9(4.3–8.0)6.4(5.2–7.7)
Unknown11.4(11.2–11.6)11.3(10.0–12.7)14.0(11.0–17.6)16.2(14.5–18.0)10.8(9.5–12.2)9.4(6.8–12.8)10.6(8.2–13.5)11.9(10.1–14.1)
Employment
Employed63.4(63.2–63.7)55.0(53.3–56.7)51.8(48.5–55.1)54.1(51.4–56.7)57.4(55.1–59.5)53.5(49.3–57.7)58.3(54.1–62.4)57.6(55.1–60.1)
Unemployed8.1(7.9–8.3)18.1(16.5–19.8)21.2(18.0–24.8)24.3(22.1–26.7)15.3(13.7–17.0)18.5(14.8–22.8)17.3(14.2–21.0)15.4(13.6–17.4)
Homemaker, Student, Retired28.5(28.2–28.7)26.9(25.3–28.6)27.0(24.6–29.6)21.7(19.6–23.9)27.4(25.6–29.2)28.0(24.2–32.2)24.4(21.1–27.9)27.0(25.0–29.0)
Health Care
Have Health Care Coverage87.9(87.7–88.1)76.6(75.1–78.1)75.3(72.6–77.7)80.0(77.9–81.8)74.5(72.3–76.7)82.9(78.9–86.3)74.9(70.5–78.8)68.4(66.0–70.8)
Have Personal Provideri81.2(81.0–81.5)70.0(67.9–71.9)71.9(68.5–75.0)66.6(64.2–69.0)76.3(74.1–78.3)70.3(65.2–74.9)72.2(67.1–76.8)62.0(59.0–65.0)
Health
Health Status (Good or Better)87.9(87.7–88.0)74.1(72.2–75.9)75.9(73.2–78.4)78.0(75.7–80.1)76.2(74.2–78.1)70.7(66.2–74.8)76.1(71.8–80.0)75.7(73.0–78.2)
Ever Told Have Diabetesj5.7(5.6–5.9)14.4(13.0–15.9)17.0(14.7–19.4)5.7(4.5–7.2)14.3(12.9–15.8)14.9(11.9–18.6)11.4(8.8–14.6)13.3(11.7–15.1)

CHSDA indicates Contract Health Service Delivery Areas of the Indian Health Service; NHW, non-Hispanic whites; AI/AN, American Indians/Alaska Natives; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.

a Data from 34 U.S. states (includes states listed in the footnotes below).
b AI/AN in Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
c AI/AN in Alaska.
d AI/AN in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas.
e AI/AN in California, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
f AI/AN in Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, and South Carolina.
g AI/AN in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah.
h All prevalence estimates are weighted. Except for age group, estimates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. "Refused" and "don't know" responses are excluded.
i 2001–2006.
j Does not include those who had diabetes during pregnancy.

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