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Prevalence estimates of selected chronic disease risk behaviors among American Indian/Alaska Native and non-Hispanic White adults residing in CHSDA counties—Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2000–2006a

  NHW Totala AI/AN Totala Northern Plainsb Alaskac Southern Plainsd Pacific Coaste Eastf Southwestg
%h (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
5+ servings per day of fruits and vegetablesi
All 24.0 (23.6–24.3) 22.2 (20.3–24.3) 22.0 (18.9–25.5) 24.6 (21.5–28.0) 16.5 (14.0–19.3) 20.8 (16.4–26.1) 28.4 (22.9–34.7) 25.6 (22.5–28.9)
Male 19.0 (18.6–19.5) 19.6 (16.9–22.7) 16.9 (13.1–21.6) 24.5 (20.4–29.1) 14.3 (10.7–18.8) 17.7 (12.0–25.3) 28.5 (20.8–37.8) 21.6 (17.7–26.0)
Female 28.6 (28.2–29.1) 24.8 (22.2–27.6) 26.6 (22.2–31.6) 25.2 (21.1–29.8) 18.7 (15.6–22.2) 24.6 (18.5–31.8) 28.1 (21.2–36.3) 28.1 (24.0–32.7)
No leisure-time physical activity
All 19.6 (19.4–19.9) 31.3 (29.4–33.2) 30.2 (27.5–33.1) 31.7 (29.3–34.3) 32.3 (30.2–34.4) 32.7 (28.0–37.8) 33.7 (29.4–38.3) 25.9 (23.7–28.2)
Male 18.2 (17.8–18.5) 29.5 (26.6–32.5) 27.2 (23.2–31.6) 27.4 (24.2–30.9) 28.2 (25.3–31.3) 34.3 (27.8–41.4) 31.0 (25.2–37.4) 23.7 (20.5–27.2)
Female 20.8 (20.5–21.1) 33.1 (30.9–35.3) 32.7 (29.3–36.3) 35.6 (32.2–39.2) 36.0 (33.3–38.9) 31.5 (25.9–37.7) 38.0 (32.0–44.4) 27.9 (25.0–31.1)
Overweight (25.0 kg/m² ≤ BMI ≤ 29.9 kg/ m²)j
All 36.0 (35.7–36.3) 37.4 (35.4–39.4) 35.3 (32.1–38.6) 37.6 (35.0–40.4) 35.4 (33.2–37.7) 39.2 (34.4–44.2) 39.7 (34.5–45.1) 36.1 (33.4–39.0)
Male 45.2 (44.7–45.6) 43.0 (40.0–46.1) 38.7 (33.7–43.8) 43.1 (39.3–47.0) 41.8 (38.3–45.4) 45.6 (38.7–52.7) 44.7 (37.3–52.3) 41.0 (36.9–45.2)
Female 27.1 (26.8–27.5) 31.5 (29.2–33.9) 32.6 (28.8–36.8) 32.8 (29.3–36.5) 29.0 (26.3–32.0) 30.4 (24.7–36.8) 33.0 (27.0–39.6) 32.7 (29.0–36.6)
Obese (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m²)j
All 20.5 (20.3–20.8) 32.8 (30.9–34.8) 35.4 (32.2–38.8) 29.4 (27.1–31.9) 32.0 (29.9–34.2) 34.2 (29.8–39.0) 28.5 (24.3–33.1) 31.3 (28.8–34.0)
Male 21.6 (21.3–22.0) 33.5 (30.6–36.5) 35.6 (30.7–40.9) 25.0 (21.9–28.4) 33.7 (30.5–37.1) 35.3 (28.8–42.4) 29.4 (23.8–35.7) 30.9 (27.2–34.9)
Female 19.4 (19.1–19.7) 32.2 (29.9–34.7) 34.9 (31.4–38.6) 33.6 (30.2–37.2) 30.2 (27.6–32.8) 32.6 (27.3–38.5) 27.4 (22.0–33.6) 31.7 (28.4–35.1)
Binge Drinkerk
All 17.0 (16.7–17.3) 17.4 (15.7–19.3) 21.7 (18.8–24.8) 18.7 (16.7–20.9) 15.8 (13.6–18.2) 17.8 (13.9–22.5) 17.5 (13.1–22.9) 14.9 (12.8–17.3)
Male 24.3 (23.8–24.8) 25.5 (22.6–28.7) 28.9 (24.0–34.2) 22.4 (19.2–26.0) 24.0 (20.6–27.8) 26.7 (20.4–34.2) 23.4 (16.7–31.7) 23.3 (19.8–27.3)
Female 9.6 (9.3–9.9) 9.0 (7.8–10.4) 14.0 (11.5–17.1) 15.2 (12.9–17.8) 7.6 (5.7–10.2) 7.7 (5.2–11.3) 9.2 (5.8–14.5) 7.2 (5.3–9.7)
Heavy Drinkerl
All 6.5 (6.3–6.7) 6.2 (5.0–7.7) 5.9 (4.3–8.0) 5.0 (4.0–6.3) 4.0 (3.2–5.1) 6.8 (4.2–10.8) 8.4 (5.1–13.6) 5.8 (4.5–7.3)
Male 7.1 (6.8–7.4) 9.0 (6.9–11.8) 7.5 (5.0–11.0) 4.9 (3.6–6.8) 5.6 (4.2–7.5) 10.9 (6.5–17.7) 11.8 (6.6–20.3) 7.6 (5.7–10.2)
Female 5.9 (5.6–6.1) 3.2 (2.6–4.0) 4.1 (2.7–6.1) 5.0 (3.7–6.9) 2.5 (1.7–3.7) 2.2 (1.3–3.5) 4.3 (2.0–9.1) 4.0 (2.6–6.2)
Current Smokerm
All 22.0 (21.7–22.2) 28.8 (27.2–30.4) 42.7 (39.6–45.8) 40.0 (37.6–42.3) 33.2 (31.0–35.5) 21.9 (18.5–25.7) 36.5 (32.3–40.9) 18.4 (16.3–20.8)
Male 22.6 (22.2–23.0) 31.3 (28.9–33.9) 43.6 (38.9–48.4) 43.9 (40.6–47.3) 35.1 (31.7–38.6) 25.8 (20.6–31.7) 38.4 (32.4–44.8) 22.5 (19.5–25.8)
Female 21.3 (21.0–21.7) 26.1 (24.3–28.0) 42.1 (38.4–46.0) 36.7 (33.5–39.9) 31.5 (28.8–34.3) 17.5 (14.0–21.8) 33.6 (28.3–39.4) 14.9 (12.3–18.0)
Former Smokerm
All 26.6 (26.4–26.9) 26.5 (24.7–28.4) 25.9 (23.3–28.8) 28.6 (26.2–31.0) 21.2 (19.6–23.0) 32.6 (28.3–37.2) 25.1 (20.8–29.8) 21.6 (19.3–24.1)
Male 30.4 (30.0–30.8) 30.3 (27.6–33.1) 29.3 (25.3–33.6) 30.1 (26.8–33.6) 24.7 (22.1–27.6) 35.2 (29.2–41.8) 28.5 (22.6–35.2) 28.9 (25.4–32.6)
Female 23.7 (23.4–24.0) 22.7 (20.5–25.1) 24.1 (20.9–27.6) 27.4 (24.3–30.7) 18.3 (16.4–20.3) 28.8 (23.4–34.9) 21.2 (16.3–27.1) 15.5 (12.7–18.7)
Never Smokedm
All 51.4 (51.1–51.7) 44.7 (42.8–46.7) 31.4 (28.3–34.8) 31.5 (29.1–33.9) 45.5 (43.2–47.8) 45.5 (40.8–50.3) 38.5 (33.7–43.5) 59.9 (57.0–62.8)
Male 47.0 (46.5–47.5) 38.3 (35.4–41.4) 27.1 (22.6–32.2) 26.0 (23.0–29.2) 40.2 (36.8–43.6) 39.0 (32.6–45.8) 33.1 (26.8–40.2) 48.7 (44.6–52.8)
Female 55.0 (54.6–55.4) 51.1 (48.7–53.6) 33.8 (30.1–37.7) 36.0 (32.7–39.3) 50.3 (47.3–53.2) 53.7 (47.6–59.6) 45.2 (39.1–51.5) 69.6 (65.6–73.3)

CHSDA indicates Contract Health Service Delivery Areas of the Indian Health Service; NHW, non-Hispanic whites; AI/AN, American Indians/Alaska Natives; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.

a Data from 34 U.S. states (includes states listed in the footnotes below).
b AI/AN in Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
c AI/AN in Alaska.
d AI/AN in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas.
e AI/AN in California, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
f AI/AN in Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, and South Carolina.
g AI/AN in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah.
h All prevalence estimates are weighted and age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. "Refused" and "don't know" responses are excluded.
i 2000–2003, 2005.
j In individuals aged ≥20 years.
k 2001–2005; ≥5 drinks on one occasion within the past 30 days.
l 2001–2006: Males, <2 drinks per day within past 30 days; females: <1 drink per day within past 30 days.
m Smoking is defined as having smoked at least 100 cigarettes (5 packs) in entire life.

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