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What CDC Is Doing About Colorectal Cancer

CDC aims to reduce colorectal cancer incidence and mortality rates among adults aged 50 years or older, as part of the agency's overarching goal of ensuring that people are healthy in every stage of life. CDC's colorectal cancer initiatives include—

Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP)

CDC's Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) provides funding to 25 states and 4 tribes across the United States. The program supports population-based screening efforts and provides colorectal cancer screening services to low-income men and women aged 50–64 years who are underinsured or uninsured for screening, when no other insurance is available.

Research

CDC conducts a variety of colorectal cancer research activities—

  • Analyzing colorectal cancer screening rates from ongoing national surveillance systems, such as the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and the National Health Interview Survey.
  • Forming expert task groups and networks to improve the quality of colorectal cancer screening, including the development of a standardized colonoscopy reporting and data system (CO-RADS).
  • Funding projects across the nation to identify effective intervention approaches for promoting colorectal cancer screening among diverse populations.
  • Assessing prevention behaviors among colorectal cancer survivors.
  • Assessing the impact of socioeconomic and cultural factors on colorectal cancer survivor participation in post-treatment colon examinations.
  • Measuring costs, cost efficiencies, and potential cost savings from colorectal cancer screening.
  • Assessing the capacity to perform colorectal cancer screening tests and follow-up for the U.S. population aged 50 and older.
  • Conducting breast, colon, and prostate cancer data quality and treatment patterns of care studies through CDC's National Program of Central Cancer Registries.

Awareness and Education

CDC's Screen for Life: National Colorectal Cancer Action Campaign is a multimedia effort promoting colorectal cancer screening. Launched in 1999, this campaign informs Americans, particularly those aged 50 years or older, about colorectal cancer and the importance of screening.

Other Activities

CDC also contributes to the fight against colorectal cancer by—

Ongoing Work

CDC promotes nationwide colorectal cancer awareness, education, and screening by—

  • Funding state programs to implement specific colorectal cancer strategies identified in their states’ cancer control plans, through the National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program.
  • Supporting epidemiologic, surveillance, and behavioral science research designed to expand the knowledge base and guide future interventions related to colorectal cancer. The results of this research help CDC focus its policies, programs, and campaigns on effective ways to increase screening rates, improve the quality of screening, and reduce deaths from colorectal cancer.
  • Working with partners such as the American Cancer Society to support the National Colorectal Cancer Roundtable, a coalition of organizations that educates medical providers and the public about the importance of colorectal cancer screening.

Future Directions

CDC plans to expand its colorectal cancer prevention and control initiative to—

  • Increase support for research focused on improving colorectal cancer screening rates.
  • Increase support for states, tribes/tribal organizations, and territories that are engaged in comprehensive approaches to preventing and controlling colorectal cancer.
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