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Healthy People 2020 Objectives for the Nation

Healthy People is a national health promotion and disease prevention initiative that brings together national, state, and local government agencies; nonprofit, voluntary, and professional organizations, businesses, communities; and individuals to address major public health issues. The report Healthy People 2020, released by the Department of Health and Human Services in December 2, 2010, is the latest science-based, 10-year national objective plan developed that serves as a roadmap for improving the nation's health.

There are four objectives and five sub-objectives related to breastfeeding found under the Maternal, Infant and Child Health topic section.

Healthy People 2020 Breastfeeding Objectives
ObjectivesBaselineTarget

MICH-21: Increase the proportion of infants who are breastfed

MICH-21.1

Ever

74.0% of infants born in 2006 were ever breastfed as reported in 2007–09

81.9%

MICH-21.2

At 6 months

43.5% of infants born in 2006 were breastfed at 6 months as reported in 2007-09

60.6%

MICH-21.3

At 1 year

22.7% of infants born in 2006 were breastfed at 1 year as reported in 2007–09

34.1%

MICH-21.4

Exclusively through 3 months

33.6% of infants born in 2006 were breastfed exclusively through 3 months as reported in 2007–09

46.2%

MICH-21.5

Exclusively through 6 months

14.1% of infants born in 2006 were breastfed exclusively through 6 months as reported in 2007–09

25.5%

MICH-22: Increase the proportion of employers that have worksite lactation support programs.

25% of employers reported providing an on-site lactation/mother’s room in 2009

38%

MICH-23: Reduce the proportion of breastfed newborns who receive formula supplementation within the first 2 days of life.

24.2% percent of breastfed newborns born in 2006 received formula supplementation within the first 2 days of life as reported in 2007–09

14.2%

MICH-24: Increase the proportion of live births that occur in facilities that provide recommended care for lactating mothers and their babies.

2.9% of 2007 live births occurred in facilities that provide recommended care for lactating mothers and their babies as reported in 2009

8.1%

Related Resources

For supportive data regarding this objective, visit Healthy People 2020.

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