CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2011

Table 8.1b: % of hospitals with recommended policies and practices
consistent with the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding
by state
Model
policy
Assess staff
competency
Prenatal
breastfeeding
education
Early
initiation
Teach
breastfeeding
techniques
Limit
supplements
Rooming-in Teach
feeding
cues
Limit
pacifiers
Discharge
support
N
All 19.3 54.9 92.8 56.5 90.8 23.0 37.0 84.8 36.3 28.4 2742
State
AK 15.8 35.0 75.0 75.0 90.0 57.9 95.0 95.0 55.0 35.0 20
AL 13.0 73.9 93.5 50.0 91.3 13.3 13.0 91.3 13.3 19.6 46
AR 22.2 35.7 81.5 32.1 75.0 7.1 14.3 67.9 25.0 21.4 28
AZ 12.5 55.0 97.6 56.1 90.2 27.5 72.5 78.0 43.9 19.5 41
CA 29.9 66.1 90.3 60.8 93.6 21.0 72.6 86.7 51.6 27.6 218
CO 23.4 70.8 95.7 70.8 95.8 27.1 57.4 87.5 54.2 35.4 48
CT 34.8 66.7 100.0 50.0 87.5 21.7 25.0 87.5 54.2 25.0 24
DC 20.0 60.0 100.0 60.0 100.0 20.0 60.0 100.0 40.0 40.0 5
DE 50.0 66.7 100.0 50.0 83.3 33.3 66.7 83.3 50.0 33.3 6
FL 17.2 67.4 92.1 52.9 91.0 17.6 52.8 83.1 39.8 33.0 89
GA 15.9 58.7 93.2 48.6 90.5 11.0 36.5 77.0 21.6 13.5 75
HI 0.0 42.9 100.0 42.9 100.0 28.6 71.4 100.0 100.0 42.9 7
IA 13.2 37.1 98.6 59.4 91.5 15.9 10.1 84.5 27.5 50.7 71
ID 33.3 44.4 100.0 63.0 100.0 25.9 70.4 85.2 40.7 33.3 27
IL 11.2 53.2 98.2 49.1 88.9 19.4 28.7 81.5 26.6 22.9 109
IN 17.6 51.1 95.7 58.7 95.7 20.7 19.4 88.0 29.0 28.0 94
KS 7.1 32.8 93.4 55.0 88.5 27.1 30.5 82.0 23.7 31.1 61
KY 9.5 53.3 84.4 37.8 84.4 16.7 11.1 84.4 15.9 9.1 45
LA 23.5 74.5 84.0 47.1 92.2 16.3 19.6 80.4 29.4 16.0 51
MA 42.2 84.8 95.7 82.2 100.0 30.4 37.0 100.0 54.3 34.8 46
MD 10.3 66.7 90.0 56.7 96.7 20.0 36.7 86.7 43.3 30.0 30
ME 44.0 65.4 100.0 73.1 96.2 48.1 44.4 100.0 81.5 59.3 27
MI 20.0 44.2 100.0 55.3 83.1 12.0 32.5 74.0 33.8 20.8 77
MN 18.8 40.9 97.7 57.5 87.4 31.8 26.4 85.1 38.6 41.6 89
MO 11.7 46.9 93.8 50.0 93.8 27.0 22.2 87.3 28.1 23.8 64
MS 9.1 28.6 95.5 47.6 81.0 0.0 9.5 60.0 9.5 18.2 22
MT 8.3 32.1 92.9 50.0 89.3 38.5 61.5 82.1 52.0 28.6 28
NC 16.4 65.4 96.1 41.6 91.0 10.3 30.8 85.7 38.2 21.8 78
ND 54.5 72.7 81.8 81.8 72.7 27.3 0.0 72.7 27.3 36.4 11
NE 14.6 25.0 97.9 63.8 91.5 22.4 26.5 74.5 28.6 29.8 49
NH 38.1 66.7 100.0 90.5 100.0 52.4 52.4 90.5 61.9 71.4 21
NJ 25.0 77.3 93.2 51.2 100.0 9.3 9.1 93.2 40.5 15.9 44
NM 12.5 42.3 84.6 69.2 76.9 26.9 69.2 65.4 44.0 24.0 26
NV 7.1 40.0 93.3 33.3 66.7 20.0 60.0 66.7 13.3 13.3 15
NY 38.3 68.2 95.4 51.5 93.5 22.6 20.2 93.5 53.8 34.9 109
OH 20.7 64.5 98.9 64.8 95.7 17.0 26.6 90.3 28.0 43.6 94
OK 8.7 46.9 83.7 50.0 81.6 8.2 25.0 77.6 22.9 22.4 49
OR 11.5 46.2 96.2 62.3 98.1 37.7 67.9 90.6 49.1 22.6 53
PA 16.7 46.2 95.7 50.6 95.7 16.5 18.7 87.0 20.7 34.4 93
PI 40.0 60.0 100.0 40.0 80.0 0.0 80.0 60.0 100.0 20.0 5
PR 14.3 85.7 50.0 71.4 71.4 42.9 40.0 57.1 85.7 0.0 7
RI 33.3 50.0 100.0 66.7 100.0 20.0 33.3 100.0 83.3 16.7 6
SC 10.8 50.0 100.0 63.2 89.5 26.3 32.4 78.9 34.2 31.6 38
SD 21.1 35.0 85.0 45.0 80.0 36.8 5.0 75.0 25.0 30.0 20
TN 21.7 58.3 96.7 50.0 80.0 15.0 24.1 80.0 25.4 10.0 60
TX 15.2 57.3 81.1 52.3 88.4 19.0 40.1 85.6 33.2 22.9 219
UT 16.7 52.5 92.7 73.8 78.6 19.5 47.6 68.3 14.3 23.8 42
VA 11.4 52.3 97.7 47.7 88.6 31.8 33.3 90.9 43.2 29.5 44
VT 30.0 10.0 90.0 70.0 80.0 70.0 30.0 80.0 70.0 40.0 10
WA 15.9 50.0 83.6 77.6 95.5 46.2 83.3 94.0 43.1 31.3 68
WI 19.3 54.0 96.6 65.1 98.8 46.0 24.1 90.7 37.9 39.1 87
WV 12.0 35.7 92.9 50.0 96.4 25.0 28.6 85.7 29.6 3.7 28
WY 5.9 33.3 81.3 66.7 88.9 52.9 50.0 88.9 27.8 61.1 18

Table 8.2b: % of hospitals by number of recommended policies and practices*,**
by state
0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 8 9 - 10 N
All 6.7 49.9 37.4 6.1 2479
State
AK 0.0 27.8 55.6 16.7 18
AL 11.4 56.8 31.8 0.0 44
AR 23.1 65.4 7.7 3.8 26
AZ 2.7 51.4 40.5 5.4 37
CA 6.9 30.4 53.4 9.3 204
CO 2.2 35.6 48.9 13.3 45
CT 4.5 31.8 63.6 0.0 22
DC 0.0 40.0 60.0 0.0 5
DE 0.0 66.7 0.0 33.3 6
FL 7.5 45.0 37.5 10.0 80
GA 8.1 62.9 29.0 0.0 62
HI 0.0 20.0 60.0 20.0 5
IA 9.4 48.4 40.6 1.6 64
ID 0.0 38.5 50.0 11.5 26
IL 4.9 62.7 29.4 2.9 102
IN 6.9 51.7 35.6 5.7 87
KS 7.8 60.8 29.4 2.0 51
KY 18.9 62.2 18.9 0.0 37
LA 12.8 42.6 40.4 4.3 47
MA 0.0 27.3 56.8 15.9 44
MD 3.4 55.2 37.9 3.4 29
ME 0.0 13.0 65.2 21.7 23
MI 14.1 56.3 26.8 2.8 71
MN 9.0 46.2 34.6 10.3 78
MO 3.5 63.2 28.1 5.3 57
MS 16.7 72.2 11.1 0.0 18
MT 4.8 42.9 42.9 9.5 21
NC 5.8 56.5 34.8 2.9 69
ND 0.0 45.5 54.5 0.0 11
NE 7.0 62.8 27.9 2.3 43
NH 0.0 19.0 57.1 23.8 21
NJ 7.3 53.7 34.1 4.9 41
NM 13.6 40.9 40.9 4.5 22
NV 14.3 64.3 21.4 0.0 14
NY 3.1 36.5 54.2 6.3 96
OH 2.4 50.6 42.4 4.7 85
OK 16.3 62.8 18.6 2.3 43
OR 2.0 41.2 51.0 5.9 51
PA 7.1 65.5 23.8 3.6 84
PI 0.0 25.0 75.0 0.0 4
PR 0.0 60.0 40.0 0.0 5
RI 0.0 60.0 20.0 20.0 5
SC 5.7 42.9 48.6 2.9 35
SD 16.7 55.6 22.2 5.6 18
TN 7.3 61.8 25.5 5.5 55
TX 7.6 59.6 27.8 5.1 198
UT 10.5 52.6 34.2 2.6 38
VA 2.4 52.4 38.1 7.1 42
VT 0.0 40.0 50.0 10.0 10
WA 3.4 33.9 49.2 13.6 59
WI 0.0 53.7 39.0 7.3 82
WV 8.3 79.2 8.3 4.2 24
WY 13.3 40.0 40.0 6.7 15
*Definitions can be found in the August 2011 Vital Signs
**Numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding