CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2011

Table 4.1b: Separation of mother & infant during postpartum transition
by state
How many minutes are mothers & infants separated
following vaginal birth in transition to recovery room
No separation <30 minutes 31-60 minutes 61-90 minutes >90 minutes N
All 63.1 7.2 13.7 5.7 10.3 2707
State
AK 95.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 0.0 20
AL 37.0 2.2 23.9 21.7 15.2 46
AR 32.1 3.6 17.9 14.3 32.1 28
AZ 67.5 5.0 17.5 5.0 5.0 40
CA 80.2 4.1 9.2 3.7 2.8 217
CO 83.3 10.4 2.1 2.1 2.1 48
CT 69.6 0.0 17.4 4.3 8.7 23
DC 60.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 40.0 5
DE 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6
FL 63.6 3.4 13.6 6.8 12.5 88
GA 49.3 6.8 21.9 1.4 20.5 73
HI 57.1 14.3 14.3 0.0 14.3 7
IA 80.3 11.3 8.5 0.0 0.0 71
ID 66.7 25.9 3.7 0.0 3.7 27
IL 55.6 4.6 19.4 13.9 6.5 108
IN 64.5 5.4 18.3 5.4 6.5 93
KS 68.9 19.7 9.8 0.0 1.6 61
KY 44.4 4.4 22.2 8.9 20.0 45
LA 40.0 2.0 24.0 4.0 30.0 50
MA 65.2 10.9 19.6 4.3 0.0 46
MD 60.0 3.3 23.3 6.7 6.7 30
ME 84.6 7.7 7.7 0.0 0.0 26
MI 84.4 0.0 10.4 2.6 2.6 77
MN 73.6 19.5 5.7 0.0 1.1 87
MO 66.7 4.8 19.0 6.3 3.2 63
MS 19.0 0.0 4.8 9.5 66.7 21
MT 75.0 17.9 3.6 0.0 3.6 28
NC 59.7 7.8 15.6 7.8 9.1 77
ND 45.5 27.3 18.2 9.1 0.0 11
NE 63.8 21.3 12.8 2.1 0.0 47
NH 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 21
NJ 45.5 4.5 22.7 9.1 18.2 44
NM 69.2 7.7 19.2 3.8 0.0 26
NV 42.9 14.3 7.1 7.1 28.6 14
NY 37.5 8.7 19.2 15.4 19.2 104
OH 73.4 5.3 10.6 4.3 6.4 94
OK 65.3 12.2 12.2 4.1 6.1 49
OR 90.6 7.5 1.9 0.0 0.0 53
PA 55.6 5.6 18.9 6.7 13.3 90
PI 40.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 40.0 5
PR 14.3 28.6 14.3 14.3 28.6 7
RI 66.7 0.0 33.3 0.0 0.0 6
SC 42.1 0.0 21.1 15.8 21.1 38
SD 30.0 25.0 30.0 5.0 10.0 20
TN 46.7 1.7 23.3 6.7 21.7 60
TX 46.0 4.2 15.0 6.6 28.2 213
UT 57.1 19.0 16.7 4.8 2.4 42
VA 43.2 6.8 9.1 22.7 18.2 44
VT 90.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10
WA 97.1 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 68
WI 89.4 4.7 4.7 0.0 1.2 85
WV 44.4 11.1 18.5 11.1 14.8 27
WY 66.7 22.2 5.6 5.6 0.0 18
Table 4.2b: Separation of mother & infant at night
by state
How many hours are breastfeeding mother-infant pairs separated at night
No separation 1-2 hours 3-5 hours 5-7 hours 8 or more hours N
All 77.0 9.3 6.4 6.0 1.3 2702
State
AK 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20
AL 58.7 15.2 10.9 6.5 8.7 46
AR 75.0 7.1 14.3 3.6 0.0 28
AZ 97.6 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 41
CA 92.6 5.1 0.9 0.9 0.5 215
CO 91.5 4.3 2.1 2.1 0.0 47
CT 58.3 12.5 16.7 12.5 0.0 24
DC 80.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5
DE 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6
FL 81.8 10.2 5.7 2.3 0.0 88
GA 75.7 10.8 6.8 4.1 2.7 74
HI 85.7 0.0 14.3 0.0 0.0 7
IA 70.0 8.6 7.1 14.3 0.0 70
ID 81.5 14.8 3.7 0.0 0.0 27
IL 73.8 8.4 7.5 8.4 1.9 107
IN 71.7 14.1 6.5 5.4 2.2 92
KS 78.3 8.3 8.3 5.0 0.0 60
KY 44.4 20.0 11.1 17.8 6.7 45
LA 74.0 4.0 14.0 8.0 0.0 50
MA 80.0 6.7 6.7 6.7 0.0 45
MD 80.0 16.7 3.3 0.0 0.0 30
ME 88.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 0.0 27
MI 76.3 10.5 7.9 2.6 2.6 76
MN 71.6 11.4 6.8 10.2 0.0 88
MO 70.3 10.9 7.8 9.4 1.6 64
MS 55.0 25.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 20
MT 88.0 4.0 0.0 8.0 0.0 25
NC 75.6 11.5 5.1 6.4 1.3 78
ND 60.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10
NE 77.6 16.3 2.0 4.1 0.0 49
NH 90.0 5.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 20
NJ 61.4 11.4 11.4 13.6 2.3 44
NM 92.3 3.8 3.8 0.0 0.0 26
NV 86.7 13.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 15
NY 72.0 8.4 6.5 9.3 3.7 107
OH 81.9 7.4 7.4 2.1 1.1 94
OK 70.8 18.8 2.1 6.3 2.1 48
OR 92.5 5.7 1.9 0.0 0.0 53
PA 62.0 9.8 7.6 16.3 4.3 92
PI 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5
PR 80.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 5
RI 80.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 5
SC 76.3 5.3 7.9 5.3 5.3 38
SD 60.0 15.0 15.0 10.0 0.0 20
TN 70.7 10.3 6.9 10.3 1.7 58
TX 76.3 10.7 7.0 5.6 0.5 215
UT 80.5 4.9 4.9 9.8 0.0 41
VA 75.0 13.6 6.8 2.3 2.3 44
VT 70.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 0.0 10
WA 98.5 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 65
WI 75.9 9.2 6.9 8.0 0.0 87
WV 57.1 7.1 21.4 10.7 3.6 28
WY 72.2 11.1 16.7 0.0 0.0 18
Table 4.3b: Rooming in at least 23 hours a day
by state
What percent of healthy full-term infants room
with their mothers at least 23 hours a day
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 35.4 17.9 9.7 37.0 2710
State
AK 5.0 0.0 0.0 95.0 20
AL 58.7 17.4 10.9 13.0 46
AR 57.1 21.4 7.1 14.3 28
AZ 15.0 5.0 7.5 72.5 40
CA 9.8 7.9 9.8 72.6 215
CO 21.3 10.6 10.6 57.4 47
CT 50.0 16.7 8.3 25.0 24
DC 40.0 0.0 0.0 60.0 5
DE 0.0 33.3 0.0 66.7 6
FL 25.8 12.4 9.0 52.8 89
GA 36.5 21.6 5.4 36.5 74
HI 28.6 0.0 0.0 71.4 7
IA 37.7 42.0 10.1 10.1 69
ID 7.4 11.1 11.1 70.4 27
IL 38.9 17.6 14.8 28.7 108
IN 52.7 19.4 8.6 19.4 93
KS 40.7 11.9 16.9 30.5 59
KY 71.1 13.3 4.4 11.1 45
LA 51.0 17.6 11.8 19.6 51
MA 32.6 19.6 10.9 37.0 46
MD 33.3 20.0 10.0 36.7 30
ME 11.1 22.2 22.2 44.4 27
MI 36.4 22.1 9.1 32.5 77
MN 35.6 20.7 17.2 26.4 87
MO 54.0 19.0 4.8 22.2 63
MS 47.6 42.9 0.0 9.5 21
MT 23.1 11.5 3.8 61.5 26
NC 42.3 21.8 5.1 30.8 78
ND 72.7 18.2 9.1 0.0 11
NE 34.7 22.4 16.3 26.5 49
NH 4.8 9.5 33.3 52.4 21
NJ 54.5 22.7 13.6 9.1 44
NM 15.4 11.5 3.8 69.2 26
NV 13.3 20.0 6.7 60.0 15
NY 45.9 22.9 11.0 20.2 109
OH 34.0 27.7 11.7 26.6 94
OK 45.8 22.9 6.3 25.0 48
OR 7.5 9.4 15.1 67.9 53
PA 53.8 22.0 5.5 18.7 91
PI 20.0 0.0 0.0 80.0 5
PR 60.0 0.0 0.0 40.0 5
RI 16.7 33.3 16.7 33.3 6
SC 51.4 13.5 2.7 32.4 37
SD 60.0 30.0 5.0 5.0 20
TN 43.1 19.0 13.8 24.1 58
TX 36.9 14.7 8.3 40.1 217
UT 35.7 9.5 7.1 47.6 42
VA 47.6 14.3 4.8 33.3 42
VT 20.0 10.0 40.0 30.0 10
WA 4.5 6.1 6.1 83.3 66
WI 36.8 28.7 10.3 24.1 87
WV 39.3 28.6 3.6 28.6 28
WY 22.2 22.2 5.6 50.0 18
Table 4.4b: Reasons for removing healthy full-term
breastfed infants from mother's room by state
Pediatric
rounds
Change
of shift
Visiting
hours
Hearing
test
Heel
stick
Infant
photos
Infant's
bath
Mother
bathing
Mother out
of room
N
All 56.1 15.1 1.7 82.5 84.9 43.1 61.4 57.3 79.8 2742
State
AK 30.8 0.0 0.0 92.3 84.6 30.8 53.8 25.0 63.6 20
AL 88.6 45.5 4.5 91.1 88.6 58.1 80.0 60.0 82.2 46
AR 84.0 44.0 4.0 96.0 96.0 60.0 84.0 52.0 92.0 28
AZ 31.0 6.9 0.0 80.0 92.9 35.7 55.2 42.9 64.3 41
CA 29.2 3.9 0.6 64.4 63.1 28.4 46.3 36.2 60.5 218
CO 20.5 5.1 2.6 71.8 64.1 22.2 46.2 59.0 82.1 48
CT 34.8 4.5 0.0 90.9 77.3 35.0 45.5 47.6 71.4 24
DC 66.7 25.0 0.0 75.0 100.0 25.0 75.0 25.0 75.0 5
DE 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 80.0 80.0 60.0 20.0 80.0 6
FL 49.3 9.5 0.0 66.7 83.6 16.7 49.3 32.9 69.4 89
GA 78.1 21.1 1.4 76.7 90.3 47.1 58.9 56.3 84.3 75
HI 75.0 25.0 0.0 100.0 75.0 0.0 50.0 33.3 75.0 7
IA 61.2 7.5 3.0 92.9 88.4 59.1 59.4 78.3 84.8 71
ID 40.0 0.0 0.0 94.7 80.0 40.0 80.0 57.9 77.8 27
IL 53.5 13.0 0.0 83.3 76.2 41.8 63.0 60.6 76.0 109
IN 67.8 11.1 1.1 95.6 92.2 46.6 61.1 61.1 83.7 94
KS 50.0 11.5 2.0 80.8 88.5 63.5 71.2 75.0 82.0 61
KY 88.6 34.9 4.8 82.2 95.6 64.4 88.6 65.9 95.5 45
LA 77.1 27.1 2.1 83.3 79.2 63.8 83.3 68.1 79.2 51
MA 29.5 0.0 0.0 82.2 70.5 21.4 29.5 39.5 64.3 46
MD 53.8 14.8 3.8 66.7 85.7 50.0 73.1 48.0 88.5 30
ME 36.0 0.0 0.0 96.0 88.0 24.0 36.0 36.0 72.0 27
MI 44.9 6.0 0.0 91.7 87.1 44.1 55.7 43.3 71.4 77
MN 30.5 2.4 0.0 95.1 90.2 42.3 60.5 68.3 88.8 89
MO 71.9 19.0 3.4 88.1 96.6 42.1 72.4 69.0 87.9 64
MS 90.0 35.0 5.3 100.0 100.0 61.1 85.0 85.0 95.0 22
MT 50.0 11.1 5.6 83.3 77.8 50.0 61.1 66.7 83.3 28
NC 59.7 25.8 3.1 94.0 86.8 50.0 59.7 57.6 79.4 78
ND 90.0 10.0 0.0 90.9 100.0 70.0 72.7 60.0 81.8 11
NE 55.3 12.8 0.0 93.6 78.7 55.6 66.0 68.1 83.0 49
NH 11.1 0.0 0.0 89.5 84.2 38.9 21.1 26.3 63.2 21
NJ 65.1 27.3 0.0 86.4 88.6 28.6 62.8 75.0 93.2 44
NM 44.4 11.8 0.0 83.3 72.2 43.8 47.1 64.7 70.6 26
NV 60.0 18.2 9.1 70.0 72.7 20.0 45.5 54.5 63.6 15
NY 57.9 16.5 1.0 85.2 93.5 40.2 70.8 74.3 84.6 109
OH 71.7 9.9 2.2 91.3 94.6 42.9 62.0 56.5 88.9 94
OK 68.9 24.4 4.5 84.4 88.9 61.4 68.9 60.5 84.1 49
OR 12.2 0.0 0.0 70.7 85.4 38.5 31.7 43.9 68.3 53
PA 68.6 17.6 2.4 87.4 89.5 43.2 67.8 66.3 89.3 93
PI 50.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 50.0 5
PR 25.0 25.0 0.0 100.0 75.0 25.0 50.0 75.0 100.0 7
RI 33.3 0.0 0.0 100.0 66.7 33.3 16.7 16.7 83.3 6
SC 78.8 33.3 3.0 90.9 88.2 41.9 69.7 68.8 94.1 38
SD 89.5 5.0 0.0 90.0 90.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 85.0 20
TN 88.0 36.7 2.1 62.7 84.0 58.0 76.0 60.4 90.0 60
TX 70.1 26.8 3.7 62.3 89.3 26.5 70.1 53.4 75.2 219
UT 72.0 20.0 0.0 100.0 96.3 40.0 88.9 88.9 92.6 42
VA 63.2 26.3 2.6 76.3 78.9 52.6 65.8 52.6 78.4 44
VT 20.0 0.0 0.0 80.0 80.0 44.4 50.0 20.0 70.0 10
WA 5.0 7.5 0.0 50.0 60.0 20.5 26.8 29.3 53.7 68
WI 53.8 2.5 0.0 100.0 93.8 68.0 47.5 67.1 92.2 87
WV 72.0 33.3 8.3 92.0 84.0 76.0 88.0 65.2 96.0 28
WY 42.9 14.3 0.0 100.0 85.7 57.1 100.0 71.4 71.4 18

Table 4.5b: Nighttime feedings for non-rooming-in infants
by state
How many breastfeeding infants who do not room-in
are brought to the mother for breastfeeding at night
Few Some Many Most Not sure NA-all room in N
All 0.9 3.3 12.3 58.9 0.4 24.2 2384
State
AK 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.2 0.0 81.8 11
AL 0.0 4.5 18.2 72.7 0.0 4.5 44
AR 0.0 0.0 16.0 72.0 0.0 12.0 25
AZ 6.7 0.0 10.0 33.3 0.0 50.0 30
CA 0.0 5.6 6.7 28.9 0.0 58.9 180
CO 2.6 2.6 2.6 63.2 0.0 28.9 38
CT 0.0 0.0 30.4 56.5 0.0 13.0 23
DC 0.0 25.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 25.0 4
DE 0.0 0.0 20.0 20.0 0.0 60.0 5
FL 1.4 4.2 16.9 40.8 1.4 35.2 71
GA 1.4 1.4 4.2 61.1 0.0 31.9 72
HI 25.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 0.0 50.0 4
IA 0.0 5.7 8.6 80.0 1.4 4.3 70
ID 0.0 5.3 10.5 52.6 0.0 31.6 19
IL 1.9 1.0 17.5 61.2 1.9 16.5 103
IN 1.1 1.1 16.7 66.7 1.1 13.3 90
KS 0.0 0.0 7.7 75.0 0.0 17.3 52
KY 0.0 6.7 0.0 77.8 0.0 15.6 45
LA 0.0 2.1 8.3 75.0 0.0 14.6 48
MA 0.0 0.0 6.7 71.1 0.0 22.2 45
MD 7.1 3.6 10.7 57.1 0.0 21.4 28
ME 0.0 0.0 4.0 60.0 0.0 36.0 25
MI 0.0 8.5 22.5 47.9 0.0 21.1 71
MN 0.0 1.2 7.3 80.5 0.0 11.0 82
MO 0.0 0.0 3.3 88.3 0.0 8.3 60
MS 0.0 5.0 20.0 65.0 0.0 10.0 20
MT 0.0 0.0 5.6 66.7 0.0 27.8 18
NC 0.0 4.5 17.9 49.3 1.5 26.9 67
ND 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 11
NE 0.0 2.1 8.5 74.5 0.0 14.9 47
NH 0.0 0.0 0.0 52.6 0.0 47.4 19
NJ 2.3 9.1 36.4 43.2 2.3 6.8 44
NM 0.0 0.0 5.6 22.2 0.0 72.2 18
NV 0.0 0.0 18.2 54.5 0.0 27.3 11
NY 1.9 7.5 22.4 57.0 0.0 11.2 107
OH 2.2 0.0 12.1 67.0 0.0 18.7 91
OK 0.0 2.2 8.9 51.1 0.0 37.8 45
OR 2.4 0.0 4.9 48.8 0.0 43.9 41
PA 0.0 3.5 17.4 67.4 1.2 10.5 86
PI 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 2
PR 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 0.0 75.0 4
RI 0.0 0.0 33.3 66.7 0.0 0.0 6
SC 0.0 6.1 21.2 51.5 0.0 21.2 33
SD 0.0 5.0 10.0 75.0 0.0 10.0 20
TN 0.0 3.9 13.7 66.7 0.0 15.7 51
TX 1.2 5.4 16.3 50.6 1.2 25.3 166
UT 3.7 7.4 18.5 66.7 0.0 3.7 27
VA 0.0 5.3 21.1 52.6 0.0 21.1 38
VT 0.0 0.0 0.0 60.0 0.0 40.0 10
WA 0.0 2.5 0.0 17.5 0.0 80.0 40
WI 1.3 1.3 5.1 86.1 0.0 6.3 79
WV 0.0 0.0 16.7 54.2 0.0 29.2 24
WY 0.0 0.0 0.0 57.1 0.0 42.9 14