CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2011

Table 4.1a: Separation of mother & infant during postpartum transition
by facility type, size, NICU level, and region
How many minutes are mothers & infants separated
following vaginal birth in transition to recovery room
No separation <30 minutes 31-60 minutes 61-90 minutes >90 minutes N
All 63.0 7.2 13.8 5.7 10.3 2704
Type of facility
Birth center 96.5 2.1 1.4 0.0 0.0 143
Government hospital 55.4 12.0 14.5 4.6 13.5 518
Non-profit hospital 65.2 6.6 14.2 6.1 7.9 1685
Private hospital 47.9 5.3 16.5 8.5 21.8 340
Military hospital 94.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.6 18
Teaching hospital
Yes 53.1 1.9 15.0 10.1 19.8 207
No 61.9 8.0 14.4 5.7 10.1 2354
Size of facility
1-249 68.8 16.1 9.9 1.5 3.7 597
250-499 63.4 10.5 13.5 3.9 8.8 467
500-999 65.1 3.7 14.2 7.1 9.9 565
1000-1999 61.0 2.5 15.6 8.1 12.7 557
2000-4999 54.9 2.8 16.4 8.5 17.3 457
5000 or more 62.3 3.3 13.1 6.6 14.8 61
Level of Neonatal Care
Healthy newborn only 66.2 12.1 11.8 2.9 7.0 1050
Level 1 or 2 NICU 63.5 4.7 14.4 7.5 9.9 1060
Level 3 NICU 56.6 3.0 16.0 7.7 16.7 594
Census region
Pacific 84.6 4.3 6.5 2.2 2.4 369
Mountain 68.3 14.4 9.9 3.3 4.1 243
West North Central 68.2 16.2 12.0 1.9 1.7 359
East North Central 72.2 4.2 13.1 5.7 4.8 457
West South Central 46.6 5.0 16.2 6.5 25.7 339
East South Central 40.1 2.3 20.9 11.6 25.0 172
New England 77.3 5.3 13.6 2.3 1.5 132
Middle Atlantic 45.8 6.7 19.7 10.9 16.8 238
South Atlantic 53.9 5.8 16.5 8.9 14.9 395

Table 4.2a: Separation of mother & infant at night
by facility type, size, NICU level, and region
How many hours are breastfeeding mother-infant pairs separated at night
No separation 1-2 hours 3-5 hours 5-7 hours 8 or more hours N
All 77.0 9.3 6.4 6.0 1.3 2700
Type of facility
Birth center 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 142
Government hospital 76.9 12.2 5.6 4.1 1.2 515
Non-profit hospital 75.8 8.7 7.1 7.0 1.5 1687
Private hospital 72.8 11.8 7.1 6.8 1.5 338
Military hospital 88.9 11.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 18
Teaching hospital
Yes 80.8 5.3 7.2 4.8 1.9 208
No 75.3 10.2 6.7 6.5 1.4 2350
Size of facility
1-249 79.6 9.4 5.9 4.5 0.5 594
250-499 74.1 11.1 6.4 7.1 1.3 467
500-999 73.5 12.3 6.2 6.9 1.1 563
1000-1999 78.5 7.9 6.6 5.6 1.4 558
2000-4999 78.8 6.1 6.1 6.6 2.4 457
5000 or more 78.7 3.3 11.5 3.3 3.3 61
Level of Neonatal Care
Healthy newborn only 77.2 10.3 6.3 5.5 0.7 1044
Level 1 or 2 NICU 75.4 10.0 5.9 7.5 1.2 1058
Level 3 NICU 79.4 6.2 7.4 4.3 2.7 598
Census region
Pacific 94.0 4.1 1.1 0.5 0.3 365
Mountain 87.5 6.3 3.3 2.9 0.0 240
West North Central 71.9 11.1 7.2 9.2 0.6 360
East North Central 75.9 9.9 7.2 5.5 1.5 456
West South Central 75.0 10.6 7.9 5.9 0.6 340
East South Central 58.6 16.0 10.7 10.1 4.7 169
New England 78.6 6.1 7.6 7.6 0.0 131
Middle Atlantic 66.3 9.5 7.8 12.8 3.7 243
South Atlantic 76.5 10.6 6.8 4.3 1.8 396

Table 4.3a: Rooming in at least 23 hours a day
by facility type, size, NICU level, and region
What percent of healthy full-term infants room
with their mothers at least 23 hours a day
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 35.4 17.9 9.6 37.1 2709
Type of facility
Birth center 0.7 0.0 0.7 98.6 142
Government hospital 38.6 15.3 9.1 37.1 518
Non-profit hospital 36.0 20.3 10.7 33.0 1692
Private hospital 42.9 18.2 9.4 29.4 340
Military hospital 17.6 5.9 0.0 76.5 17
Teaching hospital
Yes 37.5 23.1 9.6 29.8 208
No 37.3 18.5 10.2 34.0 2359
Size of facility
1-249 29.5 14.3 8.4 47.8 596
250-499 42.0 16.3 9.8 31.8 471
500-999 35.3 17.9 10.5 36.2 563
1000-1999 36.4 19.5 8.8 35.4 560
2000-4999 35.2 21.0 10.9 33.0 458
5000 or more 34.4 27.9 11.5 26.2 61
Level of Neonatal Care
Healthy newborn only 33.1 15.1 8.6 43.2 1051
Level 1 or 2 NICU 36.7 19.1 9.9 34.2 1056
Level 3 NICU 37.0 20.6 11.0 31.4 602
Census region
Pacific 8.7 7.1 9.0 75.1 366
Mountain 20.3 11.2 7.5 61.0 241
West North Central 42.5 23.7 12.6 21.2 358
East North Central 39.9 22.9 11.1 26.1 459
West South Central 42.0 16.9 8.2 32.9 343
East South Central 55.3 20.0 8.8 15.9 170
New England 25.4 17.9 18.7 38.1 134
Middle Atlantic 50.4 22.5 9.4 17.6 244
South Atlantic 37.6 18.0 5.8 38.6 394

Table 4.4a: Reasons for removing healthy full-term breastfed infants from mother's room
by facility type, size, NICU level, and region
Pediatric
rounds
Change
of shift
Visiting
hours
Hearing
test
Heel
stick
Infant
photos
Infant'
bath
Mother
bathing
Mother out
of room
N
All 56.0 15.1 1.7 82.5 84.9 43.1 61.4 57.4 79.7 2738
Type of facility
Birth center 12.5 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 0.0 25.0 0.0 28.6 143
Government hospital 56.2 14.9 2.3 86.6 87.2 51.4 71.8 65.7 84.0 525
Non-profit hospital 53.1 13.2 1.0 82.8 83.9 41.0 57.6 55.4 78.8 1707
Private hospital 73.1 25.9 4.7 76.1 87.1 44.7 69.3 59.2 80.9 345
Military hospital 43.8 11.8 0.0 75.0 93.8 12.5 25.0 17.6 50.0 18
Teaching hospital
Yes 49.0 10.5 0.0 74.8 76.7 8.5 56.5 52.8 74.0 210
No 56.9 15.6 1.8 83.3 85.8 46.4 62.0 58.0 80.4 2385
Size of facility
1-249 46.9 9.0 2.5 93.4 92.1 59.2 73.3 72.3 86.7 606
250-499 65.7 15.6 2.1 94.7 93.3 75.3 70.6 62.3 86.0 475
500-999 58.0 21.3 2.2 86.9 88.1 54.3 58.0 56.2 80.9 569
1000-1999 56.0 17.3 1.3 77.0 81.5 27.4 56.5 52.5 75.7 564
2000-4999 52.9 11.5 0.5 65.6 72.0 7.5 53.8 48.4 71.5 463
5000 or more 54.2 5.2 0.0 54.2 72.9 6.9 45.6 39.7 71.9 61
Level of Neonatal Care
Healthy newborn only 54.4 12.8 2.5 92.0 91.3 62.5 69.0 64.7 84.4 1067
Level 1 or 2 NICU 56.7 18.6 1.8 83.8 85.3 44.2 58.3 54.8 79.3 1066
Level 3 NICU 57.1 12.4 0.3 66.7 75.2 13.8 56.0 51.4 73.8 605
Census region
Pacific 24.1 3.9 0.4 65.0 67.0 28.2 41.7 35.5 60.9 370
Mountain 41.6 9.8 1.7 84.6 80.0 37.1 64.0 63.0 77.3 245
West North Central 55.4 9.5 1.5 90.6 89.4 52.7 65.7 71.9 85.5 364
East North Central 59.0 8.9 0.7 92.0 88.5 48.1 58.3 58.3 82.6 460
West South Central 72.2 28.1 3.6 72.5 88.4 41.5 73.7 57.1 78.7 346
East South Central 88.6 38.5 3.9 80.7 90.6 60.3 81.8 65.0 89.9 173
New England 28.6 0.8 0.0 88.2 77.8 29.2 33.3 35.5 68.3 134
Middle Atlantic 63.1 19.0 1.3 86.2 91.2 39.1 68.2 71.5 87.9 246
South Atlantic 62.8 21.4 2.3 80.1 85.8 43.7 62.1 51.6 81.7 400

Table 4.5a: Nighttime feedings for non-rooming-in infants
by facility type, size, NICU level, and region
How many breastfeeding infants who do not room-in
are brought to the mother for breastfeeding at night
Few Some Many Most Not sure NA-all room in N
All 0.9 3.3 12.3 58.9 0.4 24.3 2382
Type of facility
Birth center 0.0 0.0 0.0 37.5 0.0 62.5 8
Government hospital 0.7 3.3 9.1 60.4 0.7 25.8 450
Non-profit hospital 0.9 3.3 13.0 59.6 0.4 22.7 1596
Private hospital 1.0 3.5 14.1 56.3 0.3 24.8 311
Military hospital 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 17
Teaching hospital
Yes 1.5 4.9 22.1 43.1 2.0 26.5 204
No 0.8 3.1 11.4 60.4 0.3 23.9 2170
Size of facility
1-249 0.7 2.7 4.9 68.4 0.5 22.7 405
250-499 0.5 2.6 6.3 69.1 0.0 21.6 430
500-999 1.0 2.3 10.9 58.1 0.4 27.3 523
1000-1999 1.1 2.5 15.6 56.0 0.2 24.7 527
2000-4999 0.9 6.6 20.4 47.4 0.7 24.0 437
5000 or more 1.7 3.3 30.0 36.7 3.3 25.0 60
Level of Neonatal Care
Healthy newborn only 0.6 2.9 7.0 63.8 0.2 25.4 816
Level 1 or 2 NICU 1.1 2.7 12.6 59.4 0.2 23.9 990
Level 3 NICU 0.9 4.7 19.3 50.9 1.0 23.3 576
Census region
Pacific 0.7 4.0 5.0 29.5 0.0 60.8 278
Mountain 2.3 2.3 8.6 52.6 0.0 34.3 175
West North Central 0.0 2.1 7.0 80.4 0.3 10.3 341
East North Central 1.4 2.1 14.7 65.9 0.7 15.2 434
West South Central 0.7 3.9 13.8 56.5 0.7 24.4 283
East South Central 0.0 5.0 11.9 71.3 0.0 11.9 160
New England 0.0 0.0 10.2 62.5 0.0 27.3 128
Middle Atlantic 1.3 6.3 23.2 58.2 0.8 10.1 237
South Atlantic 1.2 3.8 14.5 50.9 0.6 29.2 346