CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2011

Table 2.1b: Prelacteal feeds among breastfed vaginal births
by state
What percent of healthy breastfed infants receive
breast milk as first feeding after vaginal birth
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 1.1 3.5 20.1 75.2 2706
State
AK 0.0 0.0 15.0 85.0 20
AL 2.2 4.3 17.4 76.1 46
AR 7.1 3.6 25.0 64.3 28
AZ 0.0 0.0 34.1 65.9 41
CA 1.4 1.8 16.5 80.3 218
CO 0.0 2.1 14.6 83.3 48
CT 0.0 0.0 12.5 87.5 24
DC 0.0 0.0 40.0 60.0 5
DE 0.0 0.0 33.3 66.7 6
FL 1.1 5.7 33.3 59.8 87
GA 1.4 2.7 30.1 65.8 73
HI 0.0 0.0 14.3 85.7 7
IA 0.0 1.5 20.6 77.9 68
ID 0.0 0.0 14.8 85.2 27
IL 0.9 6.5 24.1 68.5 108
IN 0.0 3.2 23.7 73.1 93
KS 0.0 1.7 31.7 66.7 60
KY 4.4 8.9 20.0 66.7 45
LA 0.0 11.8 21.6 66.7 51
MA 0.0 0.0 6.5 93.5 46
MD 0.0 3.3 16.7 80.0 30
ME 0.0 0.0 23.1 76.9 26
MI 1.3 3.9 30.3 64.5 76
MN 0.0 1.1 20.7 78.2 87
MO 3.1 4.7 17.2 75.0 64
MS 14.3 14.3 28.6 42.9 21
MT 0.0 0.0 10.7 89.3 28
NC 1.3 9.1 19.5 70.1 77
ND 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 11
NE 2.1 0.0 17.0 80.9 47
NH 0.0 0.0 4.8 95.2 21
NJ 2.3 2.3 25.0 70.5 44
NM 0.0 4.0 12.0 84.0 25
NV 0.0 7.1 35.7 57.1 14
NY 0.0 5.7 21.9 72.4 105
OH 0.0 1.1 14.0 84.9 93
OK 2.0 6.1 26.5 65.3 49
OR 1.9 0.0 0.0 98.1 53
PA 0.0 0.0 20.2 79.8 89
PI 0.0 40.0 0.0 60.0 5
PR 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 7
RI 0.0 0.0 16.7 83.3 6
SC 0.0 7.9 18.4 73.7 38
SD 0.0 5.0 15.0 80.0 20
TN 5.1 8.5 16.9 69.5 59
TX 2.3 6.9 26.4 64.4 216
UT 0.0 0.0 16.7 83.3 42
VA 0.0 2.3 16.3 81.4 43
VT 0.0 0.0 10.0 90.0 10
WA 0.0 1.5 13.4 85.1 67
WI 0.0 0.0 11.6 88.4 86
WV 0.0 0.0 17.9 82.1 28
WY 0.0 0.0 16.7 83.3 18

Table 2.2b: Prelacteal feeds among breastfed Cesarean births
by state*
What percent of healthy breastfed infants receive breast milk
as first feeding after Cesarean birth
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 1.8 5.1 25.5 67.5 2542
State
AK 0.0 0.0 18.2 81.8 11
AL 2.2 6.5 28.3 63.0 46
AR 7.1 10.7 21.4 60.7 28
AZ 0.0 2.8 38.9 58.3 36
CA 1.5 2.4 25.4 70.7 205
CO 0.0 4.3 23.9 71.7 46
CT 0.0 0.0 27.3 72.7 22
DC 0.0 25.0 25.0 50.0 4
DE 0.0 0.0 60.0 40.0 5
FL 2.7 8.0 42.7 46.7 75
GA 1.4 2.8 34.7 61.1 72
HI 0.0 0.0 16.7 83.3 6
IA 1.4 2.9 29.0 66.7 69
ID 0.0 0.0 20.0 80.0 25
IL 0.9 8.3 28.7 62.0 108
IN 1.1 7.7 24.2 67.0 91
KS 0.0 0.0 28.6 71.4 56
KY 9.1 9.1 22.7 59.1 44
LA 0.0 10.2 34.7 55.1 49
MA 0.0 0.0 8.9 91.1 45
MD 0.0 3.6 32.1 64.3 28
ME 0.0 0.0 20.8 79.2 24
MI 1.3 9.3 25.3 64.0 75
MN 0.0 1.2 25.3 73.5 83
MO 1.6 6.3 14.3 77.8 63
MS 15.0 20.0 25.0 40.0 20
MT 0.0 0.0 21.7 78.3 23
NC 4.0 9.3 29.3 57.3 75
ND 0.0 0.0 9.1 90.9 11
NE 2.1 2.1 19.1 76.6 47
NH 0.0 0.0 11.1 88.9 18
NJ 0.0 9.3 39.5 51.2 43
NM 0.0 4.3 34.8 60.9 23
NV 0.0 6.7 40.0 53.3 15
NY 1.0 11.5 25.0 62.5 104
OH 0.0 1.1 16.3 82.6 92
OK 4.2 2.1 31.3 62.5 48
OR 0.0 0.0 2.2 97.8 46
PA 0.0 0.0 31.4 68.6 86
PI 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 4
PR 16.7 0.0 33.3 50.0 6
RI 0.0 0.0 33.3 66.7 6
SC 2.9 8.8 23.5 64.7 34
SD 0.0 10.0 15.0 75.0 20
TN 7.5 11.3 22.6 58.5 53
TX 5.4 10.3 29.7 54.6 185
UT 0.0 0.0 25.7 74.3 35
VA 0.0 5.0 25.0 70.0 40
VT 0.0 0.0 10.0 90.0 10
WA 0.0 1.7 16.9 81.4 59
WI 0.0 0.0 15.4 84.6 78
WV 3.7 3.7 25.9 66.7 27
WY 0.0 0.0 22.2 77.8 18
*Note: Facilities not performing Cesareans
are not included in these tabulations.

Table 2.3b: Supplementation of breastfed infants
by state
What percent of healthy breastfed infants
receive non-breast milk feedings
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 23.0 50.7 23.7 2.7 2693
State
AK 57.9 36.8 5.3 0.0 19
AL 13.3 51.1 31.1 4.4 45
AR 7.1 60.7 32.1 0.0 28
AZ 27.5 47.5 20.0 5.0 40
CA 21.0 57.9 18.2 2.8 214
CO 27.1 64.6 8.3 0.0 48
CT 21.7 65.2 13.0 0.0 23
DC 20.0 60.0 20.0 0.0 5
DE 33.3 33.3 33.3 0.0 6
FL 17.6 45.9 32.9 3.5 85
GA 11.0 47.9 41.1 0.0 73
HI 28.6 71.4 0.0 0.0 7
IA 15.9 58.0 26.1 0.0 69
ID 25.9 51.9 14.8 7.4 27
IL 19.4 45.4 32.4 2.8 108
IN 20.7 54.3 21.7 3.3 92
KS 27.1 62.7 10.2 0.0 59
KY 16.7 40.5 35.7 7.1 42
LA 16.3 67.3 16.3 0.0 49
MA 30.4 43.5 26.1 0.0 46
MD 20.0 50.0 23.3 6.7 30
ME 48.1 51.9 0.0 0.0 27
MI 12.0 50.7 32.0 5.3 75
MN 31.8 55.7 9.1 3.4 88
MO 27.0 52.4 20.6 0.0 63
MS 0.0 47.6 42.9 9.5 21
MT 38.5 50.0 7.7 3.8 26
NC 10.3 52.6 33.3 3.8 78
ND 27.3 54.5 18.2 0.0 11
NE 22.4 59.2 14.3 4.1 49
NH 52.4 42.9 4.8 0.0 21
NJ 9.3 62.8 27.9 0.0 43
NM 26.9 46.2 19.2 7.7 26
NV 20.0 46.7 33.3 0.0 15
NY 22.6 41.5 29.2 6.6 106
OH 17.0 61.7 21.3 0.0 94
OK 8.2 55.1 36.7 0.0 49
OR 37.7 54.7 7.5 0.0 53
PA 16.5 56.0 27.5 0.0 91
PI 0.0 80.0 20.0 0.0 5
PR 42.9 14.3 42.9 0.0 7
RI 20.0 60.0 20.0 0.0 5
SC 26.3 34.2 34.2 5.3 38
SD 36.8 42.1 21.1 0.0 19
TN 15.0 50.0 30.0 5.0 60
TX 19.0 35.6 38.9 6.5 216
UT 19.5 65.9 14.6 0.0 41
VA 31.8 45.5 20.5 2.3 44
VT 70.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 10
WA 46.2 44.6 7.7 1.5 65
WI 46.0 47.1 5.7 1.1 87
WV 25.0 46.4 28.6 0.0 28
WY 52.9 29.4 17.6 0.0 17

Table 2.4b: Use of glucose water and/or water among breastfed infants
by state
Do healthy breastfed infants receive glucose water and/or water
Yes No N
All 18.7 81.3 2605
State
AK 10.5 89.5 19
AL 26.7 73.3 45
AR 37.0 63.0 27
AZ 10.3 89.7 39
CA 11.8 88.2 203
CO 8.7 91.3 46
CT 4.3 95.7 23
DC 0.0 100.0 5
DE 0.0 100.0 6
FL 14.3 85.7 84
GA 17.1 82.9 70
HI 0.0 100.0 6
IA 10.3 89.7 68
ID 32.0 68.0 25
IL 13.2 86.8 106
IN 21.7 78.3 92
KS 35.6 64.4 59
KY 31.0 69.0 42
LA 39.2 60.8 51
MA 2.2 97.8 46
MD 10.0 90.0 30
ME 4.2 95.8 24
MI 15.3 84.7 72
MN 38.8 61.2 85
MO 21.0 79.0 62
MS 42.9 57.1 21
MT 23.1 76.9 26
NC 23.6 76.4 72
ND 33.3 66.7 9
NE 32.6 67.4 46
NH 5.3 94.7 19
NJ 7.1 92.9 42
NM 17.4 82.6 23
NV 14.3 85.7 14
NY 13.1 86.9 107
OH 14.4 85.6 90
OK 39.6 60.4 48
OR 10.0 90.0 50
PA 22.5 77.5 89
PI 20.0 80.0 5
PR 57.1 42.9 7
RI 0.0 100.0 6
SC 18.9 81.1 37
SD 31.6 68.4 19
TN 14.3 85.7 56
TX 15.5 84.5 206
UT 15.4 84.6 39
VA 16.7 83.3 42
VT 20.0 80.0 10
WA 15.0 85.0 60
WI 15.9 84.1 82
WV 40.7 59.3 27
WY 27.8 72.2 18