CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2009

Table 4.1b: Separation of mother & infant during postpartum transition
by state
How many minutes are mothers & infants separated
following vaginal birth in transition to recovery room
No separation <30 minutes 31-60 minutes 61-90 minutes >90 minutes N
All 57.7 7.6 14.9 7.0 12.8 2620
State
AK 89.5 5.3 5.3 0.0 0.0 19
AL 27.7 6.4 21.3 19.1 25.5 47
AR 36.1 5.6 19.4 13.9 25.0 36
AZ 73.7 2.6 5.3 0.0 18.4 38
CA 73.1 5.0 9.5 5.0 7.5 201
CO 80.4 6.5 6.5 2.2 4.3 46
CT 75.0 4.2 16.7 4.2 0.0 24
DC 40.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 40.0 5
DE 80.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 5
FL 63.3 1.0 4.1 6.1 25.5 98
GA 43.8 3.1 15.6 7.8 29.7 64
HI 66.7 11.1 0.0 11.1 11.1 9
IA 62.3 15.9 20.3 1.4 0.0 69
ID 73.3 13.3 13.3 0.0 0.0 30
IL 50.5 6.9 17.8 8.9 15.8 101
IN 61.2 9.4 17.6 7.1 4.7 85
KS 63.1 21.5 9.2 3.1 3.1 65
KY 29.3 7.3 31.7 7.3 24.4 41
LA 25.6 0.0 20.9 14.0 39.5 43
MA 65.2 6.5 23.9 2.2 2.2 46
MD 69.2 0.0 7.7 7.7 15.4 26
ME 76.9 7.7 11.5 0.0 3.8 26
MI 82.7 4.0 6.7 2.7 4.0 75
MN 70.6 12.9 12.9 1.2 2.4 85
MO 62.7 3.4 27.1 3.4 3.4 59
MS 14.8 7.4 11.1 7.4 59.3 27
MT 65.4 11.5 23.1 0.0 0.0 26
NC 55.1 1.4 23.2 5.8 14.5 69
ND 50.0 25.0 16.7 8.3 0.0 12
NE 57.4 25.5 17.0 0.0 0.0 47
NH 95.2 0.0 4.8 0.0 0.0 21
NJ 33.3 0.0 28.6 19.0 19.0 42
NM 50.0 10.0 20.0 20.0 0.0 20
NV 40.0 13.3 26.7 6.7 13.3 15
NY 33.0 6.3 23.2 11.6 25.9 112
OH 65.6 10.4 16.7 2.1 5.2 96
OK 45.1 9.8 15.7 19.6 9.8 51
OR 94.3 3.8 1.9 0.0 0.0 53
PA 46.4 6.0 22.6 14.3 10.7 84
PR 7.7 38.5 15.4 15.4 23.1 13
RI 85.7 0.0 14.3 0.0 0.0 7
SC 36.1 0.0 13.9 13.9 36.1 36
SD 36.8 21.1 31.6 5.3 5.3 19
TN 30.4 5.4 28.6 17.9 17.9 56
TX 42.6 3.2 12.8 12.8 28.7 188
UT 46.2 26.9 15.4 11.5 0.0 26
VA 42.2 8.9 11.1 13.3 24.4 45
VT 70.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10
WA 94.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 67
WI 85.6 8.9 4.4 0.0 1.1 90
WV 42.3 23.1 7.7 7.7 19.2 26
WY 52.6 21.1 21.1 5.3 0.0 19

Table 4.2b: Separation of mother & infant at night
by state
How many hours are breastfeeding mother-infant pairs separated at night
No separation 1-2 hours 3-5 hours 5-7 hours 8 or more hours N
All 70.5 10.9 8.4 8.2 2.0 2605
State
AK 94.7 0.0 0.0 5.3 0.0 19
AL 37.8 31.1 17.8 8.9 4.4 45
AR 71.4 11.4 2.9 11.4 2.9 35
AZ 89.5 7.9 0.0 0.0 2.6 38
CA 88.9 6.0 1.5 2.5 1.0 199
CO 85.7 6.1 2.0 6.1 0.0 49
CT 62.5 20.8 4.2 8.3 4.2 24
DC 66.7 16.7 0.0 16.7 0.0 6
DE 40.0 40.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 5
FL 80.6 12.2 5.1 2.0 0.0 98
GA 71.4 14.3 3.2 9.5 1.6 63
HI 77.8 11.1 0.0 0.0 11.1 9
IA 61.8 2.9 17.6 17.6 0.0 68
ID 85.7 7.1 3.6 3.6 0.0 28
IL 69.0 12.0 7.0 9.0 3.0 100
IN 68.8 8.8 12.5 8.8 1.3 80
KS 75.8 4.8 11.3 8.1 0.0 62
KY 38.1 14.3 23.8 16.7 7.1 42
LA 56.8 18.2 9.1 9.1 6.8 44
MA 73.9 6.5 4.3 13.0 2.2 46
MD 56.0 24.0 16.0 0.0 4.0 25
ME 88.0 0.0 12.0 0.0 0.0 25
MI 81.6 3.9 7.9 5.3 1.3 76
MN 60.9 11.5 11.5 14.9 1.1 87
MO 61.7 15.0 5.0 15.0 3.3 60
MS 53.8 11.5 11.5 15.4 7.7 26
MT 84.0 8.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 25
NC 66.2 13.2 10.3 7.4 2.9 68
ND 75.0 0.0 16.7 8.3 0.0 12
NE 78.3 13.0 6.5 2.2 0.0 46
NH 76.2 9.5 4.8 9.5 0.0 21
NJ 46.5 18.6 16.3 9.3 9.3 43
NM 80.0 15.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 20
NV 92.9 7.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 14
NY 63.1 12.6 11.7 9.9 2.7 111
OH 70.2 9.6 11.7 7.4 1.1 94
OK 74.0 14.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 50
OR 88.7 9.4 1.9 0.0 0.0 53
PA 48.2 9.4 15.3 24.7 2.4 85
PR 66.7 0.0 8.3 8.3 16.7 12
RI 66.7 16.7 16.7 0.0 0.0 6
SC 52.8 13.9 16.7 13.9 2.8 36
SD 47.6 19.0 14.3 14.3 4.8 21
TN 66.7 14.0 7.0 12.3 0.0 57
TX 72.9 11.7 6.9 5.9 2.7 188
UT 65.4 19.2 7.7 7.7 0.0 26
VA 62.5 22.9 6.3 8.3 0.0 48
VT 90.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10
WA 95.4 3.1 0.0 0.0 1.5 65
WI 60.7 11.2 14.6 11.2 2.2 89
WV 53.6 7.1 25.0 14.3 0.0 28
WY 94.4 5.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 18

Table 4.3b: Rooming in at least 23 hours a day
by state
What percent of healthy full-term infants room
with their mothers at least 23 hours a day
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 40.5 17.6 8.6 33.3 2624
State
AK 10.5 5.3 5.3 78.9 19
AL 61.7 19.1 10.6 8.5 47
AR 51.4 21.6 0.0 27.0 37
AZ 13.2 7.9 15.8 63.2 38
CA 19.5 7.0 9.5 64.0 200
CO 20.4 18.4 14.3 46.9 49
CT 50.0 16.7 12.5 20.8 24
DC 16.7 16.7 0.0 66.7 6
DE 20.0 20.0 0.0 60.0 5
FL 31.6 13.3 10.2 44.9 98
GA 40.6 20.3 9.4 29.7 64
HI 22.2 11.1 11.1 55.6 9
IA 50.0 30.9 11.8 7.4 68
ID 16.7 13.3 10.0 60.0 30
IL 35.4 25.3 16.2 23.2 99
IN 50.0 28.6 6.0 15.5 84
KS 38.5 13.8 9.2 38.5 65
KY 71.4 14.3 2.4 11.9 42
LA 58.1 16.3 4.7 20.9 43
MA 35.6 26.7 8.9 28.9 45
MD 52.0 16.0 4.0 28.0 25
ME 24.0 36.0 12.0 28.0 25
MI 28.4 18.9 18.9 33.8 74
MN 47.7 23.3 10.5 18.6 86
MO 49.2 19.7 9.8 21.3 61
MS 80.8 19.2 0.0 0.0 26
MT 36.0 8.0 8.0 48.0 25
NC 45.6 16.2 5.9 32.4 68
ND 66.7 25.0 0.0 8.3 12
NE 42.6 25.5 8.5 23.4 47
NH 33.3 28.6 0.0 38.1 21
NJ 73.8 14.3 2.4 9.5 42
NM 30.0 0.0 5.0 65.0 20
NV 28.6 7.1 14.3 50.0 14
NY 51.3 23.9 8.0 16.8 113
OH 49.5 21.1 10.5 18.9 95
OK 54.0 10.0 8.0 28.0 50
OR 9.4 7.5 13.2 69.8 53
PA 57.0 24.4 3.5 15.1 86
PR 46.2 23.1 0.0 30.8 13
RI 42.9 14.3 0.0 42.9 7
SC 57.1 11.4 0.0 31.4 35
SD 38.1 42.9 4.8 14.3 21
TN 52.6 22.8 3.5 21.1 57
TX 35.3 9.5 7.4 47.9 190
UT 28.0 20.0 12.0 40.0 25
VA 53.1 24.5 8.2 14.3 49
VT 30.0 30.0 10.0 30.0 10
WA 7.5 1.5 6.0 85.1 67
WI 49.4 24.7 11.2 14.6 89
WV 50.0 14.3 7.1 28.6 28
WY 38.9 5.6 5.6 50.0 18

Table 4.4b: Reasons for removing healthy full-term
breastfed infants from mother's room by state
Pediatric
rounds
Change
of shift
Visiting
hours
Hearing
test
Heel
stick
Infant
photos
Infant's
bath
Mother
bathing
Mother out
of room
N
All 60.3 17.9 2.7 86.2 88.9 54.4 68.0 64.1 86.0 2666
State
AK 25.0 0.0 0.0 72.7 91.7 60.0 66.7 72.7 54.5 19
AL 91.5 42.6 2.3 93.8 93.8 64.6 93.8 78.3 93.6 48
AR 86.7 43.3 3.3 90.6 96.9 74.2 80.6 74.2 93.8 38
AZ 28.6 10.7 0.0 73.3 82.8 29.6 60.7 46.4 79.3 38
CA 32.9 8.8 2.5 71.9 71.0 36.6 51.5 47.9 67.5 202
CO 27.9 2.3 0.0 69.8 86.0 36.6 59.5 67.4 83.7 49
CT 47.8 8.7 0.0 95.7 100.0 42.9 39.1 34.8 77.3 24
DC 100.0 25.0 0.0 80.0 100.0 50.0 80.0 40.0 100.0 6
DE 25.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 75.0 75.0 25.0 75.0 5
FL 65.0 10.4 0.0 71.6 91.4 39.2 61.5 52.6 85.0 99
GA 86.9 33.9 7.0 85.0 96.7 62.1 72.1 50.0 85.5 65
HI 66.7 0.0 0.0 83.3 83.3 20.0 66.7 66.7 83.3 9
IA 64.1 14.1 4.7 95.5 89.4 61.5 66.7 84.4 90.8 69
ID 56.3 6.3 0.0 100.0 100.0 43.8 75.0 73.3 93.8 30
IL 61.3 12.0 4.3 86.3 88.2 53.8 66.3 71.0 92.3 103
IN 75.0 11.4 1.3 97.5 92.5 59.7 78.8 74.0 91.1 85
KS 59.6 10.9 4.3 82.6 93.9 55.1 70.8 81.3 91.7 65
KY 80.5 40.0 7.9 95.1 90.5 70.0 92.7 75.0 95.2 42
LA 92.1 56.8 2.7 86.5 94.6 75.7 94.7 73.0 94.7 45
MA 40.9 4.5 0.0 91.1 82.2 25.0 45.5 40.9 69.0 46
MD 56.5 8.7 0.0 69.6 95.7 31.8 69.6 60.9 78.3 26
ME 50.0 0.0 0.0 95.7 91.3 34.8 47.8 45.5 72.7 26
MI 47.8 9.1 1.6 92.5 88.1 55.2 58.2 48.4 84.8 77
MN 43.5 9.4 0.0 94.1 91.9 48.8 64.0 75.3 92.9 87
MO 68.4 20.7 0.0 89.8 93.2 52.5 74.1 69.5 93.2 61
MS 96.3 51.9 4.2 92.6 88.9 61.5 76.9 60.0 92.3 28
MT 35.0 5.0 5.0 90.0 84.2 65.0 70.0 63.2 72.2 26
NC 63.9 22.0 1.7 91.9 88.7 65.5 75.9 61.7 85.5 69
ND 90.9 10.0 10.0 100.0 100.0 72.7 90.9 63.6 100.0 12
NE 52.4 2.4 4.9 100.0 88.4 56.4 76.7 85.4 93.0 49
NH 22.2 0.0 0.0 94.7 84.2 64.7 35.3 47.1 89.5 21
NJ 73.8 26.2 0.0 92.9 85.7 64.3 66.7 76.2 83.7 43
NM 41.7 8.3 0.0 83.3 75.0 45.5 81.8 63.6 83.3 20
NV 50.0 20.0 0.0 80.0 90.0 37.5 70.0 55.6 80.0 15
NY 68.8 22.2 8.3 94.5 91.8 51.0 76.1 75.7 96.2 113
OH 70.8 15.7 0.0 91.3 93.5 62.6 66.3 61.5 85.9 97
OK 71.1 22.7 0.0 91.1 95.6 73.3 80.4 68.9 91.3 51
OR 5.4 0.0 0.0 73.0 83.8 42.4 32.4 45.9 77.1 53
PA 72.8 23.5 3.8 92.7 95.1 65.9 65.0 65.9 88.9 87
PR 30.8 11.1 0.0 69.2 60.0 33.3 61.5 16.7 38.5 15
RI 28.6 0.0 0.0 100.0 85.7 28.6 28.6 42.9 71.4 7
SC 88.5 42.3 7.7 92.3 92.3 53.8 84.6 80.0 92.6 36
SD 77.8 15.8 5.3 89.5 100.0 57.9 77.8 89.5 89.5 21
TN 81.6 47.8 2.3 75.0 95.8 73.5 86.0 72.3 97.9 57
TX 75.2 26.2 0.8 70.8 86.2 43.1 76.0 57.1 83.3 192
UT 50.0 18.2 14.3 100.0 86.4 40.0 81.8 72.7 86.4 27
VA 78.7 30.4 8.9 78.7 85.4 59.6 73.9 69.6 89.6 49
VT 20.0 0.0 0.0 90.0 90.0 50.0 40.0 33.3 80.0 10
WA 8.6 2.9 0.0 58.3 70.3 32.4 25.0 34.3 63.9 67
WI 52.4 4.7 1.2 95.3 93.0 74.7 58.6 72.7 89.7 90
WV 66.7 41.7 13.0 92.0 87.5 95.8 96.0 79.2 96.0 28
WY 50.0 0.0 8.3 100.0 100.0 66.7 83.3 75.0 91.7 19

Table 4.5b: Nighttime feedings for non-rooming-in infants
by state
How many breastfeeding infants who do not room-in
are brought to the mother for breastfeeding at night
Few Some Many Most Not sure N
All 1.1 3.9 14.8 79.8 0.4 2271
State
AK 0.0 0.0 8.3 91.7 0.0 12
AL 0.0 6.4 19.1 74.5 0.0 47
AR 0.0 3.2 9.7 87.1 0.0 31
AZ 3.3 3.3 10.0 83.3 0.0 30
CA 1.2 4.2 12.6 80.8 1.2 167
CO 0.0 2.4 14.3 83.3 0.0 42
CT 0.0 4.3 34.8 60.9 0.0 23
DC 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 5
DE 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 4
FL 1.3 8.8 15.0 75.0 0.0 80
GA 1.8 1.8 14.3 80.4 1.8 56
HI 0.0 16.7 0.0 83.3 0.0 6
IA 0.0 1.5 13.4 85.1 0.0 67
ID 0.0 0.0 20.0 80.0 0.0 15
IL 0.0 6.4 14.9 78.7 0.0 94
IN 0.0 2.5 21.5 75.9 0.0 79
KS 0.0 2.1 4.2 93.8 0.0 48
KY 0.0 2.4 11.9 85.7 0.0 42
LA 0.0 5.4 29.7 62.2 2.7 37
MA 0.0 4.4 15.6 80.0 0.0 45
MD 4.5 9.1 18.2 68.2 0.0 22
ME 0.0 0.0 8.7 91.3 0.0 23
MI 0.0 7.7 16.9 75.4 0.0 65
MN 0.0 2.3 9.3 87.2 1.2 86
MO 0.0 0.0 13.6 84.7 1.7 59
MS 0.0 3.7 18.5 74.1 3.7 27
MT 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 19
NC 3.3 6.6 21.3 67.2 1.6 61
ND 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 11
NE 0.0 4.8 9.5 85.7 0.0 42
NH 0.0 0.0 11.1 88.9 0.0 18
NJ 0.0 11.6 20.9 67.4 0.0 43
NM 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 13
NV 0.0 0.0 27.3 72.7 0.0 11
NY 2.8 6.4 18.3 72.5 0.0 109
OH 1.1 0.0 20.0 78.9 0.0 90
OK 2.2 2.2 20.0 75.6 0.0 45
OR 2.9 0.0 0.0 97.1 0.0 34
PA 1.2 1.2 24.7 72.8 0.0 81
PR 30.8 0.0 0.0 61.5 7.7 13
RI 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 7
SC 0.0 3.7 25.9 70.4 0.0 27
SD 0.0 5.3 15.8 78.9 0.0 19
TN 0.0 6.0 18.0 76.0 0.0 50
TX 1.6 9.4 14.8 73.4 0.8 128
UT 0.0 0.0 13.6 86.4 0.0 22
VA 2.1 2.1 17.0 78.7 0.0 47
VT 10.0 0.0 0.0 90.0 0.0 10
WA 2.9 2.9 11.4 82.9 0.0 35
WI 0.0 1.1 6.8 92.0 0.0 88
WV 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 24
WY 0.0 8.3 8.3 83.3 0.0 12