CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2009

Table 2.1b: Prelacteal feeds among breastfed vaginal births
by state
What percent of healthy breastfed infants receive
breast milk as first feeding after vaginal birth
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 1.9 3.9 20.0 74.1 2634
State
AK 5.3 0.0 15.8 78.9 19
AL 0.0 11.1 33.3 55.6 45
AR 7.9 2.6 26.3 63.2 38
AZ 0.0 5.3 28.9 65.8 38
CA 4.0 2.5 18.5 75.0 200
CO 0.0 2.1 12.5 85.4 48
CT 0.0 0.0 8.3 91.7 24
DC 0.0 16.7 0.0 83.3 6
DE 0.0 0.0 20.0 80.0 5
FL 2.0 3.0 26.3 68.7 99
GA 3.1 10.9 25.0 60.9 64
HI 0.0 0.0 11.1 88.9 9
IA 1.5 1.5 17.6 79.4 68
ID 0.0 0.0 23.3 76.7 30
IL 0.0 2.0 20.8 77.2 101
IN 0.0 1.2 21.2 77.6 85
KS 1.5 1.5 29.2 67.7 65
KY 2.4 9.5 14.3 73.8 42
LA 7.0 11.6 30.2 51.2 43
MA 0.0 0.0 8.7 91.3 46
MD 0.0 0.0 24.0 76.0 25
ME 3.8 0.0 11.5 84.6 26
MI 2.6 1.3 29.9 66.2 77
MN 0.0 0.0 14.0 86.0 86
MO 3.4 0.0 33.9 62.7 59
MS 11.5 7.7 19.2 61.5 26
MT 0.0 3.8 19.2 76.9 26
NC 7.4 5.9 17.6 69.1 68
ND 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 12
NE 0.0 6.3 20.8 72.9 48
NH 0.0 0.0 4.8 95.2 21
NJ 0.0 14.0 27.9 58.1 43
NM 0.0 5.0 15.0 80.0 20
NV 6.7 0.0 26.7 66.7 15
NY 0.9 5.4 23.2 70.5 112
OH 1.1 4.2 17.9 76.8 95
OK 0.0 5.9 25.5 68.6 51
OR 0.0 0.0 5.7 94.3 53
PA 0.0 2.3 12.8 84.9 86
PR 14.3 14.3 35.7 35.7 14
RI 0.0 14.3 0.0 85.7 7
SC 5.6 8.3 27.8 58.3 36
SD 4.8 4.8 14.3 76.2 21
TN 0.0 8.8 22.8 68.4 57
TX 4.2 7.9 22.8 65.1 189
UT 0.0 0.0 3.7 96.3 27
VA 0.0 6.4 19.1 74.5 47
VT 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 10
WA 0.0 0.0 10.4 89.6 67
WI 0.0 1.1 13.3 85.6 90
WV 0.0 3.7 18.5 77.8 27
WY 0.0 0.0 27.8 72.2 18

Table 2.2b: Prelacteal feeds among breastfed Cesarean births
by state*
What percent of healthy breastfed infants receive breast milk
as first feeding after Cesarean birth
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 4.0 6.4 25.6 64.0 2482
State
AK 18.2 0.0 18.2 63.6 11
AL 2.2 8.9 33.3 55.6 45
AR 5.6 11.1 27.8 55.6 36
AZ 3.1 15.6 37.5 43.8 32
CA 5.3 5.3 27.0 62.4 189
CO 0.0 0.0 27.3 72.7 44
CT 0.0 0.0 21.7 78.3 23
DC 0.0 20.0 20.0 60.0 5
DE 0.0 25.0 25.0 50.0 4
FL 4.8 6.0 36.9 52.4 84
GA 6.2 13.8 30.8 49.2 65
HI 0.0 0.0 37.5 62.5 8
IA 1.5 4.5 27.3 66.7 66
ID 0.0 3.6 17.9 78.6 28
IL 2.0 8.9 27.7 61.4 101
IN 3.8 5.0 31.3 60.0 80
KS 1.6 3.2 25.4 69.8 63
KY 7.1 4.8 16.7 71.4 42
LA 7.1 14.3 31.0 47.6 42
MA 0.0 0.0 15.9 84.1 44
MD 0.0 8.7 30.4 60.9 23
ME 8.0 0.0 8.0 84.0 25
MI 2.7 6.8 31.1 59.5 74
MN 0.0 1.2 15.5 83.3 84
MO 3.4 0.0 36.2 60.3 58
MS 15.4 7.7 26.9 50.0 26
MT 0.0 4.2 25.0 70.8 24
NC 13.0 4.3 21.7 60.9 69
ND 0.0 0.0 8.3 91.7 12
NE 2.1 4.2 22.9 70.8 48
NH 0.0 0.0 5.3 94.7 19
NJ 4.7 23.3 37.2 34.9 43
NM 5.9 5.9 41.2 47.1 17
NV 14.3 7.1 21.4 57.1 14
NY 10.2 10.2 26.9 52.8 108
OH 2.1 2.1 25.5 70.2 94
OK 2.0 13.7 27.5 56.9 51
OR 0.0 0.0 6.5 93.5 46
PA 2.5 2.5 24.7 70.4 81
PR 14.3 35.7 28.6 21.4 14
RI 0.0 14.3 14.3 71.4 7
SC 6.7 20.0 13.3 60.0 30
SD 0.0 10.0 20.0 70.0 20
TN 3.8 7.7 32.7 55.8 52
TX 7.4 11.7 27.8 53.1 162
UT 4.0 0.0 28.0 68.0 25
VA 2.2 2.2 31.1 64.4 45
VT 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 10
WA 0.0 1.8 19.3 78.9 57
WI 0.0 1.1 15.9 83.0 88
WV 3.8 11.5 11.5 73.1 26
WY 0.0 0.0 33.3 66.7 18
*Note: Facilities not performing Cesareans
are not included in these tabulations.

Table 2.3b: Supplementation of breastfed infants
by state
What percent of healthy breastfed infants
receive non-breast milk feedings
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 21.5 48.6 26.1 3.8 2582
State
AK 63.2 21.1 15.8 0.0 19
AL 13.6 40.9 40.9 4.5 44
AR 13.9 44.4 33.3 8.3 36
AZ 16.2 43.2 29.7 10.8 37
CA 20.6 46.2 29.6 3.5 199
CO 12.5 68.8 14.6 4.2 48
CT 18.2 54.5 27.3 0.0 22
DC 20.0 40.0 40.0 0.0 5
DE 0.0 60.0 20.0 20.0 5
FL 14.6 49.0 30.2 6.3 96
GA 9.5 42.9 42.9 4.8 63
HI 0.0 66.7 33.3 0.0 9
IA 13.2 48.5 35.3 2.9 68
ID 34.5 51.7 6.9 6.9 29
IL 16.0 42.0 40.0 2.0 100
IN 19.5 57.3 20.7 2.4 82
KS 29.2 47.7 20.0 3.1 65
KY 7.3 56.1 29.3 7.3 41
LA 13.6 52.3 34.1 0.0 44
MA 32.6 52.2 13.0 2.2 46
MD 36.0 36.0 24.0 4.0 25
ME 36.0 56.0 4.0 4.0 25
MI 17.3 45.3 34.7 2.7 75
MN 29.9 49.4 16.1 4.6 87
MO 23.7 52.5 22.0 1.7 59
MS 3.8 50.0 26.9 19.2 26
MT 54.2 25.0 16.7 4.2 24
NC 6.3 53.1 34.4 6.3 64
ND 25.0 41.7 16.7 16.7 12
NE 26.7 53.3 17.8 2.2 45
NH 47.6 47.6 4.8 0.0 21
NJ 10.0 47.5 35.0 7.5 40
NM 25.0 45.0 30.0 0.0 20
NV 0.0 46.2 53.8 0.0 13
NY 17.1 45.9 33.3 3.6 111
OH 19.6 65.2 13.0 2.2 92
OK 7.8 49.0 41.2 2.0 51
OR 42.0 52.0 2.0 4.0 50
PA 21.4 56.0 19.0 3.6 84
PR 14.3 28.6 42.9 14.3 14
RI 28.6 57.1 14.3 0.0 7
SC 22.2 33.3 30.6 13.9 36
SD 19.0 66.7 14.3 0.0 21
TN 21.1 47.4 29.8 1.8 57
TX 21.0 41.9 33.9 3.2 186
UT 19.2 53.8 26.9 0.0 26
VA 30.4 45.7 23.9 0.0 46
VT 70.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 10
WA 36.4 47.0 15.2 1.5 66
WI 33.7 52.3 12.8 1.2 86
WV 21.4 50.0 25.0 3.6 28
WY 29.4 52.9 11.8 5.9 17

Table 2.4b: Use of glucose water and/or water among breastfed infants
by state
Do healthy breastfed infants receive glucose water and/or water
Yes No N
All 25.3 74.7 2479
State
AK 12.5 87.5 16
AL 27.3 72.7 44
AR 40.0 60.0 35
AZ 18.9 81.1 37
CA 18.3 81.7 191
CO 13.0 87.0 46
CT 13.6 86.4 22
DC 16.7 83.3 6
DE 20.0 80.0 5
FL 17.8 82.2 90
GA 13.6 86.4 59
HI 37.5 62.5 8
IA 21.2 78.8 66
ID 28.6 71.4 28
IL 19.2 80.8 99
IN 31.2 68.8 77
KS 31.3 68.8 64
KY 47.4 52.6 38
LA 45.9 54.1 37
MA 13.6 86.4 44
MD 7.7 92.3 26
ME 12.5 87.5 24
MI 14.9 85.1 74
MN 37.8 62.2 82
MO 28.6 71.4 56
MS 26.9 73.1 26
MT 34.8 65.2 23
NC 36.2 63.8 58
ND 22.2 77.8 9
NE 42.9 57.1 42
NH 10.0 90.0 20
NJ 11.9 88.1 42
NM 25.0 75.0 20
NV 15.4 84.6 13
NY 13.2 86.8 106
OH 23.9 76.1 92
OK 45.8 54.2 48
OR 16.3 83.7 49
PA 18.5 81.5 81
PR 69.2 30.8 13
RI 14.3 85.7 7
SC 40.0 60.0 35
SD 61.9 38.1 21
TN 32.1 67.9 53
TX 28.6 71.4 175
UT 37.5 62.5 24
VA 24.5 75.5 49
VT 55.6 44.4 9
WA 23.4 76.6 64
WI 21.4 78.6 84
WV 40.0 60.0 25
WY 35.3 64.7 17