CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2009


Table 1.1b: Skin-to-skin contact among vaginal births
by state
How many patients experience mother-infant skin-to-skin contact
for at least 30 minutes within 1 hour of uncomplicated vaginal birth
Few Some Many Most Not sure N
All 11.8 21.5 23.2 43.2 0.3 2657
State
AK0.00.015.884.20.019
AL29.231.320.818.80.048
AR28.928.921.121.10.038
AZ7.923.718.450.00.038
CA6.510.423.459.70.0201
CO6.112.228.653.10.049
CT8.325.016.750.00.024
DC16.70.00.083.30.06
DE0.040.020.040.00.05
FL9.121.224.245.50.099
GA21.532.313.832.30.065
HI0.011.144.444.40.09
IA21.724.624.629.00.069
ID10.026.713.350.00.030
IL14.729.420.634.31.0102
IN16.525.918.838.80.085
KS16.912.326.243.11.565
KY26.89.831.731.70.041
LA13.317.815.653.30.045
MA6.52.234.856.50.046
MD15.419.226.938.50.026
ME0.015.415.469.20.026
MI14.328.619.537.70.077
MN1.126.426.446.00.087
MO11.526.226.234.41.661
MS32.132.117.917.90.028
MT7.723.111.557.70.026
NC23.223.220.333.30.069
ND16.716.725.033.38.312
NE22.426.522.428.60.049
NH0.00.047.652.40.021
NJ14.023.337.225.60.043
NM5.025.030.040.00.020
NV20.033.333.313.30.015
NY7.120.423.048.70.9113
OH8.224.736.130.90.097
OK19.635.321.623.50.051
OR3.811.318.966.00.053
PA9.429.431.828.21.285
PR15.47.746.230.80.013
RI0.00.028.671.40.07
SC22.219.411.144.42.836
SD9.533.314.342.90.021
TN17.526.319.336.80.057
TX9.919.421.549.20.0191
UT7.414.825.951.90.027
VA4.126.514.353.12.049
VT0.010.010.080.00.010
WA1.59.019.470.10.067
WI7.825.621.145.60.090
WV7.425.933.333.30.027
WY10.531.621.136.80.019

Table 1.2b: Skin-to-skin contact among Cesarean births
by state*
How many patients experience mother-infant skin-to-skin contact
for at least 30 minutes within 2 hours of uncomplicated Cesarean birth
Few Some Many Most Not sure N
All 26.1 21.7 19.5 32.4 0.3 2502
State
AK18.20.018.263.60.011
AL39.620.814.625.00.048
AR51.410.824.313.50.037
AZ11.826.520.641.20.034
CA21.716.924.936.50.0189
CO8.922.215.653.30.045
CT17.421.717.443.50.023
DC20.00.00.060.020.05
DE50.00.025.025.00.04
FL29.828.614.326.21.284
GA36.923.121.518.50.065
HI37.50.012.550.00.08
IA30.426.114.529.00.069
ID14.325.021.439.30.028
IL32.725.714.925.71.0101
IN32.123.517.327.20.081
KS17.533.314.334.90.063
KY38.119.028.614.30.042
LA33.328.614.323.80.042
MA11.111.122.255.60.045
MD33.316.712.537.50.024
ME12.016.016.056.00.025
MI26.420.818.134.70.072
MN14.321.425.036.92.484
MO18.620.318.642.40.059
MS44.418.57.425.93.727
MT12.512.516.758.30.024
NC43.515.915.924.60.069
ND33.325.016.725.00.012
NE23.417.014.944.70.047
NH10.515.831.642.10.019
NJ27.927.923.320.90.043
NM23.517.629.429.40.017
NV50.014.328.67.10.014
NY26.925.919.427.80.0108
OH20.226.618.135.10.094
OK35.319.619.625.50.051
OR8.58.529.853.20.047
PA37.025.914.822.20.081
PR57.17.17.121.47.114
RI0.028.628.642.90.07
SC45.216.119.419.40.031
SD25.030.015.030.00.020
TN22.637.711.328.30.053
TX33.520.118.927.40.0164
UT12.024.036.028.00.025
VA19.123.429.827.70.047
VT10.010.050.030.00.010
WA7.012.324.656.10.057
WI14.830.723.930.70.088
WV30.823.119.226.90.026
WY 21.1 15.8 10.5 52.6 0.0 19
*Note: Facilities not performing Cesareans
are not included in these tabulations.

Table 1.3b: Early breastfeeding initiation among vaginal births
by state
What percent of healthy breastfed infants are put to the breast
within 1 hour of uncomplicated vaginal birth
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 3.4 11.9 33.8 51.0 2622
State
AK0.00.021.178.919
AL4.522.740.931.844
AR16.210.845.927.037
AZ5.313.234.247.438
CA5.09.035.750.3199
CO0.06.335.458.348
CT0.08.341.750.024
DC0.00.033.366.76
DE0.020.020.060.05
FL2.013.329.655.198
GA3.125.040.631.364
HI0.011.122.266.79
IA2.919.129.448.568
ID0.010.016.773.330
IL2.013.936.647.5101
IN2.47.134.556.084
KS4.69.235.450.865
KY2.414.342.940.542
LA7.128.616.747.642
MA0.08.728.363.046
MD0.04.036.060.025
ME0.00.034.665.426
MI3.913.235.547.476
MN1.27.137.654.185
MO1.710.235.652.559
MS4.028.032.036.025
MT0.011.523.165.426
NC5.917.633.842.668
ND0.08.333.358.312
NE4.18.234.753.149
NH0.00.019.081.021
NJ4.720.934.939.543
NM5.020.030.045.020
NV7.128.614.350.014
NY2.711.633.951.8112
OH4.25.342.148.495
OK2.013.747.137.351
OR0.00.026.473.653
PA0.011.632.655.886
PR23.123.123.130.813
RI0.00.028.671.47
SC8.325.025.041.736
SD4.823.819.052.421
TN1.814.036.847.457
TX8.915.336.339.5190
UT0.07.414.877.827
VA2.18.531.957.447
VT0.00.040.060.010
WA1.56.020.971.667
WI0.04.538.257.389
WV3.811.546.238.526
WY0.05.929.464.717

Table 1.4b: Early breastfeeding initiation among Cesarean births
by state*
What percent of healthy breastfed infants are put to the breast
within 2 hours of uncomplicated Cesarean birth
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more N
All 13.8 13.7 29.9 42.7 2486
State
AK9.19.118.263.611
AL23.915.226.134.846
AR21.618.929.729.737
AZ15.212.136.436.433
CA23.914.426.135.6188
CO0.04.435.660.045
CT0.08.747.843.523
DC20.00.040.040.05
DE25.025.00.050.04
FL21.417.928.632.184
GA15.919.033.331.763
HI25.012.525.037.58
IA4.411.830.952.968
ID0.014.328.657.128
IL10.019.029.042.0100
IN7.513.832.546.380
KS7.96.328.657.163
KY16.716.728.638.142
LA23.325.623.327.943
MA0.02.327.370.544
MD4.317.434.843.523
ME4.04.028.064.025
MI9.59.532.448.674
MN3.66.031.059.584
MO5.28.632.853.458
MS33.314.825.925.927
MT4.28.337.550.024
NC11.813.238.236.868
ND8.30.033.358.312
NE6.312.529.252.148
NH0.05.315.878.919
NJ16.334.932.616.343
NM35.323.517.623.517
NV21.435.721.421.414
NY29.015.021.534.6107
OH3.28.541.546.894
OK15.711.841.231.451
OR0.02.226.171.746
PA23.518.525.932.181
PR64.37.114.314.314
RI0.028.628.642.97
SC23.333.313.330.030
SD15.05.025.055.020
TN5.717.045.332.153
TX28.017.727.426.8164
UT0.04.044.052.025
VA13.326.726.733.345
VT10.010.040.040.010
WA5.35.317.571.957
WI1.19.232.257.587
WV15.415.442.326.926
WY 11.1 5.6 22.2 61.1 18
*Note: Facilities not performing Cesareans
are not included in these tabulations.

Table 1.5b: Performance of routine procedures while skin-to-skin among vaginal births
by state
How often are routine infant procedures performed while mother & infant
are skin-to-skin after uncomplicated vaginal birth
Rarely Sometimes Often Almost alwaysNot sure N
All 26.2 27.7 25.9 20.0 0.2 2655
State
AK15.810.531.642.10.019
AL50.033.312.54.20.048
AR68.413.210.57.90.038
AZ28.934.221.115.80.038
CA15.922.932.828.40.0201
CO10.222.432.734.70.049
CT25.025.025.025.00.024
DC16.733.30.050.00.06
DE20.040.020.020.00.05
FL18.432.725.523.50.098
GA36.936.915.410.80.065
HI0.011.133.355.60.09
IA29.029.027.514.50.069
ID23.313.336.726.70.030
IL33.336.323.56.90.0102
IN33.327.420.219.00.084
KS23.135.424.616.90.065
KY31.028.633.34.82.442
LA46.722.217.813.30.045
MA10.917.437.034.80.046
MD26.926.926.919.20.026
ME7.723.126.942.30.026
MI21.135.526.317.10.076
MN16.123.035.624.11.187
MO36.123.027.913.10.061
MS50.032.110.77.10.028
MT15.430.823.130.80.026
NC31.930.421.715.90.069
ND41.741.78.38.30.012
NE42.928.622.46.10.049
NH4.814.338.142.90.021
NJ27.927.934.99.30.043
NM20.030.020.030.00.020
NV33.340.020.06.70.015
NY30.128.328.313.30.0113
OH21.632.034.012.40.097
OK41.231.423.53.90.051
OR5.815.423.155.80.052
PA27.930.223.317.41.286
PR14.37.150.028.60.014
RI0.00.042.957.10.07
SC33.325.019.422.20.036
SD14.333.338.114.30.021
TN24.633.336.85.30.057
TX33.525.716.224.10.5191
UT26.930.823.119.20.026
VA24.528.624.520.42.049
VT10.010.010.070.00.010
WA7.519.432.840.30.067
WI17.832.228.921.10.090
WV25.937.022.214.80.027
WY31.642.115.810.50.019