CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2007

Table 4.1b: Separation of mother & infant during postpartum transition
by state
  How many minutes are mothers & infants separated
following vaginal birth in transition to recovery room
N
No separation <30 minutes 31-60 minutes 61-90 minutes >90 minutes
All 49.9 9.6 18.5 6.9 15.1 2607
State
AK 87.5 8.3 4.2 0.0 0.0 24
AL 20.0 6.7 28.9 17.8 26.7 45
AR 19.2 0.0 15.4 15.4 50.0 26
AZ 71.4 5.7 8.6 2.9 11.4 35
CA 64.5 7.6 10.7 6.6 10.7 197
CO 59.5 11.9 21.4 4.8 2.4 42
CT 68.2 0.0 9.1 13.6 9.1 22
DC 75.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 4
DE 85.7 0.0 0.0 14.3 0.0 7
FL 62.0 5.4 9.8 5.4 17.4 92
GA 36.4 3.0 21.2 16.7 22.7 66
HI 77.8 11.1 11.1 0.0 0.0 9
IA 45.8 22.2 22.2 5.6 4.2 72
ID 68.0 12.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 25
IL 45.7 8.6 17.1 10.5 18.1 105
IN 53.1 8.6 27.2 2.5 8.6 81
KS 56.1 27.3 12.1 1.5 3.0 66
KY 31.0 4.8 16.7 26.2 21.4 42
LA 12.2 2.4 12.2 19.5 53.7 41
MA 52.8 5.6 27.8 11.1 2.8 36
MD 64.3 0.0 10.7 10.7 14.3 28
ME 79.3 10.3 6.9 3.4 0.0 29
MI 75.3 9.6 11.0 1.4 2.7 73
MN 53.0 26.5 16.9 0.0 3.6 83
MO 56.1 12.3 21.1 3.5 7.0 57
MS 8.3 2.8 13.9 5.6 69.4 36
MT 50.0 10.0 26.7 6.7 6.7 30
NC 44.9 0.0 27.5 13.0 14.5 69
ND 26.7 33.3 40.0 0.0 0.0 15
NE 50.0 26.1 21.7 2.2 0.0 46
NH 90.9 4.5 4.5 0.0 0.0 22
NJ 28.9 0.0 26.7 13.3 31.1 45
NM 45.0 10.0 20.0 15.0 10.0 20
NV 25.0 16.7 33.3 8.3 16.7 12
NY 32.0 9.7 33.0 5.8 19.4 103
OH 56.1 8.2 23.5 5.1 7.1 98
OK 40.8 10.2 34.7 6.1 8.2 49
OR 86.8 9.4 3.8 0.0 0.0 53
PA 43.3 11.3 22.7 9.3 13.4 97
PR 36.4 0.0 18.2 0.0 45.5 11
RI 60.0 0.0 20.0 20.0 0.0 5
SC 22.2 0.0 13.9 16.7 47.2 36
SD 22.2 33.3 38.9 5.6 0.0 18
TN 29.0 4.8 27.4 11.3 27.4 62
TX 36.5 4.2 16.4 6.9 36.0 189
UT 20.0 26.7 40.0 3.3 10.0 30
VA 30.4 6.5 21.7 8.7 32.6 46
VT 72.7 9.1 18.2 0.0 0.0 11
WA 92.2 4.7 3.1 0.0 0.0 64
WI 69.9 12.9 12.9 2.2 2.2 93
WV 34.6 19.2 11.5 11.5 23.1 26
WY 42.9 28.6 21.4 0.0 7.1 14



Table 4.2b: Separation of mother & infant at night
by state
  How many hours are breastfeeding mother-infant
pairs separated at night
N
No separation 1-2 hours
3-5 hours
5-7 hours
8 or more hours
All 67.3 12.0 9.4 9.5 1.8 2580
State
AK 95.7 4.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 23
AL 40.9 20.5 18.2 18.2 2.3 44
AR 50.0 19.2 19.2 11.5 0.0 26
AZ 85.7 2.9 8.6 0.0 2.9 35
CA 85.2 11.2 1.5 0.5 1.5 196
CO 69.0 14.3 2.4 14.3 0.0 42
CT 66.7 9.5 14.3 9.5 0.0 21
DC 66.7 0.0 0.0 33.3 0.0 3
DE 57.1 14.3 14.3 0.0 14.3 7
FL 88.9 4.4 4.4 2.2 0.0 90
GA 67.2 20.9 6.0 6.0 0.0 67
HI 77.8 22.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 9
IA 44.4 9.7 20.8 23.6 1.4 72
ID 75.0 16.7 8.3 0.0 0.0 24
IL 59.8 9.8 12.7 14.7 2.9 102
IN 66.3 16.3 11.3 6.3 0.0 80
KS 70.1 14.9 9.0 6.0 0.0 67
KY 53.7 9.8 26.8 7.3 2.4 41
LA 41.9 25.6 11.6 14.0 7.0 43
MA 71.4 11.4 11.4 5.7 0.0 35
MD 58.6 17.2 13.8 3.4 6.9 29
ME 79.3 13.8 6.9 0.0 0.0 29
MI 75.7 5.4 6.8 10.8 1.4 74
MN 57.8 16.9 8.4 14.5 2.4 83
MO 71.4 10.7 10.7 7.1 0.0 56
MS 44.4 19.4 5.6 27.8 2.8 36
MT 79.3 6.9 6.9 6.9 0.0 29
NC 62.9 12.9 12.9 10.0 1.4 70
ND 52.9 5.9 17.6 23.5 0.0 17
NE 70.5 13.6 6.8 9.1 0.0 44
NH 90.9 4.5 4.5 0.0 0.0 22
NJ 55.8 11.6 4.7 16.3 11.6 43
NM 75.0 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20
NV 81.8 9.1 0.0 9.1 0.0 11
NY 68.3 12.5 12.5 5.8 1.0 104
OH 70.4 9.2 8.2 10.2 2.0 98
OK 63.8 23.4 6.4 6.4 0.0 47
OR 90.6 7.5 1.9 0.0 0.0 53
PA 45.7 8.5 14.9 27.7 3.2 94
PR 72.7 9.1 9.1 0.0 9.1 11
RI 20.0 40.0 20.0 0.0 20.0 5
SC 56.8 8.1 13.5 18.9 2.7 37
SD 61.1 0.0 22.2 11.1 5.6 18
TN 57.4 16.4 9.8 14.8 1.6 61
TX 67.8 13.7 6.0 10.4 2.2 183
UT 50.0 6.7 26.7 13.3 3.3 30
VA 60.0 20.0 8.9 6.7 4.4 45
VT 81.8 9.1 9.1 0.0 0.0 11
WA 92.3 7.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 65
WI 64.8 4.5 15.9 14.8 0.0 88
WV 50.0 7.7 15.4 19.2 7.7 26
WY 85.7 7.1 7.1 0.0 0.0 14



Table 4.3b: Rooming in at least 23 hours a day
by state
  What percent of healthy full-term infants room
with their mothers at least 23 hours a day
N
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more
All 44.9 17.3 7.0 30.7 2655
State
AK 8.3 4.2 8.3 79.2 24
AL 69.6 17.4 4.3 8.7 46
AR 59.3 11.1 0.0 29.6 27
AZ 30.6 16.7 11.1 41.7 36
CA 19.5 12.5 9.0 59.0 200
CO 35.7 11.9 4.8 47.6 42
CT 52.2 26.1 13.0 8.7 23
DC 50.0 0.0 25.0 25.0 4
DE 28.6 14.3 0.0 57.1 7
FL 29.5 11.6 6.3 52.6 95
GA 32.9 30.0 10.0 27.1 70
HI 33.3 11.1 11.1 44.4 9
IA 56.2 34.2 4.1 5.5 73
ID 16.0 16.0 0.0 68.0 25
IL 55.1 19.6 4.7 20.6 107
IN 51.2 25.6 8.5 14.6 82
KS 40.9 15.2 9.1 34.8 66
KY 69.8 9.3 7.0 14.0 43
LA 68.9 15.6 4.4 11.1 45
MA 38.9 25.0 22.2 13.9 36
MD 41.4 24.1 6.9 27.6 29
ME 40.0 16.7 10.0 33.3 30
MI 37.3 21.3 16.0 25.3 75
MN 67.9 10.7 8.3 13.1 84
MO 56.9 17.2 6.9 19.0 58
MS 73.0 13.5 0.0 13.5 37
MT 30.0 13.3 6.7 50.0 30
NC 48.6 15.7 8.6 27.1 70
ND 75.0 12.5 6.3 6.3 16
NE 44.7 17.0 12.8 25.5 47
NH 21.7 13.0 26.1 39.1 23
NJ 57.8 20.0 8.9 13.3 45
NM 25.0 10.0 5.0 60.0 20
NV 15.4 30.8 0.0 53.8 13
NY 50.9 22.6 8.5 17.9 106
OH 49.5 25.7 5.9 18.8 101
OK 37.5 22.9 6.3 33.3 48
OR 15.4 11.5 7.7 65.4 52
PA 69.3 13.9 1.0 15.8 101
PR 60.0 10.0 0.0 30.0 10
RI 40.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 5
SC 64.9 13.5 2.7 18.9 37
SD 26.3 52.6 5.3 15.8 19
TN 61.9 9.5 4.8 23.8 63
TX 43.9 12.2 3.7 40.2 189
UT 41.4 27.6 3.4 27.6 29
VA 63.3 22.4 2.0 12.2 49
VT 30.0 10.0 0.0 60.0 10
WA 6.2 1.5 3.1 89.2 65
WI 50.0 25.0 12.0 13.0 92
WV 66.7 11.1 0.0 22.2 27
WY 26.7 13.3 6.7 53.3 15



Table 4.4b: Reasons for removing healthy full-term breastfed infants from mother's room
by state
  Pediatric rounds Change of shift Visiting hours Hearing test Heel stick Infant photos Infant's bath Mother bathing Mother out of
room
N
All 60.4 18.0 3.4 85.8 86.6 60.5 66.4 65.5 87.5 2687
State
AK 20.0 0.0 0.0 60.9 54.5 33.3 61.9 40.9 54.5 24
AL 90.7 50.0 7.0 97.8 91.3 64.4 84.8 77.3 97.8 47
AR 92.6 59.3 0.0 96.3 100.0 81.5 92.6 85.2 100.0 27
AZ 50.0 8.8 0.0 88.6 91.4 45.5 54.3 52.9 85.7 36
CA 38.9 8.3 3.9 67.2 74.0 44.3 50.5 52.7 74.1 201
CO 39.0 2.4 0.0 81.0 80.5 35.7 59.5 68.3 87.8 42
CT 54.5 4.8 4.8 95.5 90.5 45.5 31.8 57.1 76.2 23
DC 75.0 25.0 0.0 50.0 75.0 33.3 75.0 25.0 75.0 4
DE 28.6 0.0 0.0 71.4 57.1 57.1 42.9 14.3 71.4 7
FL 58.0 8.2 1.2 60.9 77.9 40.2 43.7 34.5 73.3 95
GA 85.5 27.9 3.1 89.9 95.7 61.8 77.9 67.2 89.9 70
HI 55.6 0.0 0.0 77.8 77.8 75.0 37.5 66.7 66.7 9
IA 71.4 9.9 2.8 97.2 91.7 68.1 67.1 85.7 100.0 74
ID 45.8 16.7 0.0 88.0 80.0 58.3 60.0 54.2 83.3 26
IL 64.8 17.0 6.6 96.3 91.5 62.1 66.0 69.2 90.5 109
IN 65.9 7.5 0.0 96.3 92.8 74.1 73.5 78.5 95.1 84
KS 52.3 7.8 10.8 86.9 87.9 61.5 66.7 80.6 89.6 68
KY 83.7 30.2 7.3 95.3 95.3 72.1 88.4 74.4 95.3 43
LA 86.4 48.8 5.0 88.6 88.6 66.7 88.6 83.3 95.3 45
MA 36.1 2.9 5.9 91.7 86.1 40.0 44.4 47.2 91.4 36
MD 72.4 17.2 7.1 69.0 79.3 55.2 62.1 62.1 86.2 29
ME 28.6 3.6 0.0 96.6 89.7 42.9 42.9 60.7 89.7 30
MI 48.6 5.6 1.4 91.8 87.8 63.0 46.6 55.6 82.2 76
MN 50.0 7.4 3.7 83.3 91.8 56.6 70.2 80.7 96.4 85
MO 80.4 34.5 1.9 96.5 98.2 64.3 75.9 84.2 98.2 58
MS 81.6 45.9 2.7 91.9 91.9 72.2 78.9 81.1 94.7 38
MT 34.5 6.9 6.9 89.7 82.8 64.3 82.1 66.7 85.7 30
NC 68.6 25.0 3.0 97.1 92.9 71.0 70.0 59.4 87.1 71
ND 88.2 29.4 11.8 100.0 88.2 76.5 58.8 88.2 94.1 17
NE 52.2 8.9 8.9 93.5 82.2 59.5 73.9 72.7 93.3 48
NH 33.3 0.0 0.0 90.9 77.3 59.1 36.4 47.6 76.2 23
NJ 75.6 24.4 4.4 87.0 93.5 71.7 67.4 76.1 97.8 46
NM 40.0 15.8 0.0 75.0 75.0 42.1 55.0 60.0 80.0 20
NV 58.3 36.4 0.0 81.8 91.7 36.4 81.8 80.0 91.7 13
NY 64.7 17.8 4.1 90.4 90.2 61.1 65.0 65.0 87.3 110
OH 77.3 13.5 3.1 94.0 90.0 75.8 68.4 61.5 91.8 103
OK 66.0 28.3 4.3 95.8 93.9 83.7 83.3 76.6 100.0 49
OR 9.8 2.0 0.0 67.3 76.9 57.7 44.0 40.4 79.2 53
PA 73.0 23.2 4.0 91.0 91.0 72.0 63.6 72.4 91.9 101
PR 50.0 0.0 11.1 80.0 88.9 25.0 80.0 44.4 55.6 11
RI 40.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 40.0 100.0 5
SC 77.8 34.3 0.0 88.6 94.4 57.1 88.9 57.1 94.4 37
SD 72.2 15.8 0.0 94.7 100.0 78.9 100.0 77.8 100.0 19
TN 82.8 31.1 0.0 84.4 90.3 74.6 87.1 75.8 88.9 64
TX 68.7 33.5 4.0 76.6 83.2 49.5 75.6 57.7 79.6 190
UT 56.7 20.0 0.0 96.8 93.5 53.3 87.1 89.7 93.3 31
VA 83.0 37.0 2.2 84.8 89.4 65.2 84.8 71.7 89.1 49
VT 18.2 0.0 0.0 100.0 90.9 81.8 63.6 45.5 90.9 11
WA 11.1 1.6 0.0 54.8 54.0 33.3 32.3 41.3 67.2 65
WI 53.3 4.4 1.1 91.3 88.2 72.8 59.8 78.5 92.5 93
WV 74.1 42.3 18.5 96.2 96.3 96.3 88.9 65.4 92.6 27
WY 40.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 92.9 86.7 93.3 78.6 93.3 15



Table 4.5b: Nighttime feedings for non-rooming-in infants
by state
  How many breastfeeding infants who do not room-in
are brought to the mother for breastfeeding at night
N
Few Some Many Most Not sure
All 3.6 5.1 16.9 71.5 2.9 2413
State
AK 0.0 0.0 0.0 90.9 9.1 11
AL 2.2 13.3 28.9 55.6 0.0 45
AR 0.0 3.7 14.8 77.8 3.7 27
AZ 6.5 0.0 32.3 45.2 16.1 31
CA 12.6 6.9 15.1 57.9 7.5 159
CO 0.0 2.6 10.3 82.1 5.1 39
CT 4.8 0.0 9.5 85.7 0.0 21
DC 0.0 0.0 33.3 66.7 0.0 3
DE 0.0 0.0 0.0 80.0 20.0 5
FL 7.8 5.2 20.8 61.0 5.2 77
GA 4.7 3.1 25.0 62.5 4.7 64
HI 0.0 14.3 14.3 71.4 0.0 7
IA 0.0 1.4 7.0 91.5 0.0 71
ID 4.5 0.0 22.7 72.7 0.0 22
IL 2.0 9.8 16.7 68.6 2.9 102
IN 1.2 3.7 13.4 81.7 0.0 82
KS 1.6 3.2 8.1 85.5 1.6 62
KY 4.9 0.0 22.0 73.2 0.0 41
LA 2.3 9.1 25.0 61.4 2.3 44
MA 5.7 2.9 17.1 71.4 2.9 35
MD 7.7 11.5 23.1 53.8 3.8 26
ME 0.0 0.0 4.0 96.0 0.0 25
MI 1.5 16.4 17.9 62.7 1.5 67
MN 1.2 1.2 7.2 90.4 0.0 83
MO 1.8 5.5 9.1 81.8 1.8 55
MS 5.4 5.4 16.2 70.3 2.7 37
MT 0.0 7.4 11.1 77.8 3.7 27
NC 2.9 2.9 17.6 75.0 1.5 68
ND 0.0 0.0 5.9 94.1 0.0 17
NE 2.3 2.3 4.5 88.6 2.3 44
NH 0.0 0.0 5.0 95.0 0.0 20
NJ 2.2 13.0 32.6 52.2 0.0 46
NM 7.7 15.4 0.0 76.9 0.0 13
NV 0.0 20.0 10.0 70.0 0.0 10
NY 0.0 5.8 24.0 67.3 2.9 104
OH 3.1 3.1 19.6 74.2 0.0 97
OK 2.1 4.2 14.6 72.9 6.3 48
OR 10.0 0.0 20.0 70.0 0.0 40
PA 2.1 5.3 16.0 73.4 3.2 94
PR 36.4 9.1 18.2 36.4 0.0 11
RI 0.0 0.0 20.0 80.0 0.0 5
SC 2.9 2.9 31.4 62.9 0.0 35
SD 0.0 0.0 10.5 89.5 0.0 19
TN 4.8 6.5 21.0 67.7 0.0 62
TX 4.3 8.0 26.5 55.6 5.6 162
UT 0.0 3.4 34.5 62.1 0.0 29
VA 2.3 4.7 16.3 76.7 0.0 43
VT 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 8
WA 9.8 2.4 4.9 70.7 12.2 41
WI 1.1 0.0 10.0 87.8 1.1 90
WV 0.0 4.2 12.5 75.0 8.3 24
WY 0.0 6.7 6.7 80.0 6.7 15