CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2007

Table 2.1b: Prelacteal feeds among breastfed vaginal births
by state
  What percent of healthy breastfed infants receive
breast milk as first feeding after vaginal birth
N
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more
All 1.1 5.5 24.4 69.0 2608
State
AK 0.0 0.0 4.2 95.8 24
AL 0.0 13.0 37.0 50.0 46
AR 3.8 15.4 38.5 42.3 26
AZ 0.0 0.0 48.6 51.4 35
CA 0.5 7.2 27.3 64.9 194
CO 0.0 2.5 15.0 82.5 40
CT 0.0 0.0 9.1 90.9 22
DC 0.0 0.0 25.0 75.0 4
DE 0.0 14.3 0.0 85.7 7
FL 1.1 4.3 33.0 61.7 94
GA 3.0 4.5 31.8 60.6 66
HI 0.0 0.0 12.5 87.5 8
IA 0.0 5.4 27.0 67.6 74
ID 0.0 0.0 23.1 76.9 26
IL 0.9 6.5 29.6 63.0 108
IN 1.2 3.6 16.7 78.6 84
KS 0.0 1.6 25.0 73.4 64
KY 0.0 14.6 22.0 63.4 41
LA 4.8 23.8 28.6 42.9 42
MA 0.0 0.0 20.0 80.0 35
MD 0.0 3.4 41.4 55.2 29
ME 0.0 0.0 24.1 75.9 29
MI 1.4 2.8 19.7 76.1 71
MN 0.0 1.2 25.3 73.5 83
MO 1.7 1.7 24.1 72.4 58
MS 5.7 17.1 22.9 54.3 35
MT 0.0 0.0 24.1 75.9 29
NC 0.0 3.0 24.2 72.7 66
ND 0.0 11.8 17.6 70.6 17
NE 0.0 2.1 29.8 68.1 47
NH 0.0 0.0 22.7 77.3 22
NJ 0.0 11.6 37.2 51.2 43
NM 0.0 10.5 26.3 63.2 19
NV 7.7 7.7 30.8 53.8 13
NY 1.9 8.5 20.8 68.9 106
OH 0.0 5.8 17.5 76.7 103
OK 2.1 0.0 35.4 62.5 48
OR 0.0 0.0 11.5 88.5 52
PA 2.0 3.1 21.4 73.5 98
PR 0.0 20.0 20.0 60.0 10
RI 0.0 20.0 20.0 60.0 5
SC 0.0 18.9 13.5 67.6 37
SD 0.0 0.0 26.3 73.7 19
TN 3.2 6.5 21.0 69.4 62
TX 3.9 9.5 31.3 55.3 179
UT 0.0 0.0 23.3 76.7 30
VA 0.0 4.1 18.4 77.6 49
VT 0.0 0.0 9.1 90.9 11
WA 0.0 0.0 13.8 86.2 65
WI 1.1 1.1 14.1 83.7 92
WV 0.0 11.5 19.2 69.2 26
WY 0.0 0.0 26.7 73.3 15



Table 2.2b: Prelacteal feeds among breastfed Cesarean births
by state
  What percent of healthy breastfed infants receive
breast milk as first feeding after Cesarean birth
N
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more
All 2.8 8.2 32.0 57.1 2437
State
AK 0.0 0.0 21.4 78.6 14
AL 0.0 11.6 30.2 58.1 43
AR 8.0 24.0 28.0 40.0 25
AZ 3.0 6.1 54.5 36.4 33
CA 2.8 11.2 34.6 51.4 179
CO 0.0 0.0 23.7 76.3 38
CT 0.0 0.0 10.0 90.0 20
DC 0.0 0.0 33.3 66.7 3
DE 0.0 33.3 16.7 50.0 6
FL 3.8 9.0 37.2 50.0 78
GA 3.1 16.9 33.8 46.2 65
HI 0.0 0.0 25.0 75.0 8
IA 0.0 4.1 37.8 58.1 74
ID 0.0 0.0 25.0 75.0 24
IL 4.6 9.3 35.2 50.9 108
IN 3.7 2.5 29.6 64.2 81
KS 0.0 6.9 27.6 65.5 58
KY 2.4 14.6 34.1 48.8 41
LA 5.1 25.6 30.8 38.5 39
MA 0.0 2.9 17.6 79.4 34
MD 0.0 11.1 51.9 37.0 27
ME 0.0 0.0 25.0 75.0 28
MI 2.9 2.9 32.4 61.8 68
MN 0.0 1.2 27.2 71.6 81
MO 1.7 5.2 27.6 65.5 58
MS 11.4 20.0 22.9 45.7 35
MT 0.0 0.0 34.6 65.4 26
NC 1.6 4.7 40.6 53.1 64
ND 0.0 6.3 25.0 68.8 16
NE 0.0 2.2 39.1 58.7 46
NH 0.0 0.0 25.0 75.0 20
NJ 7.0 20.9 48.8 23.3 43
NM 6.7 13.3 40.0 40.0 15
NV 7.7 7.7 53.8 30.8 13
NY 5.2 11.3 24.7 58.8 97
OH 0.0 6.1 30.3 63.6 99
OK 0.0 4.2 39.6 56.3 48
OR 0.0 0.0 18.8 81.3 48
PA 2.2 7.5 35.5 54.8 93
PR 22.2 33.3 22.2 22.2 9
RI 0.0 0.0 40.0 60.0 5
SC 3.0 18.2 30.3 48.5 33
SD 0.0 0.0 44.4 55.6 18
TN 6.7 11.7 23.3 58.3 60
TX 9.9 16.6 39.1 34.4 151
UT 0.0 3.6 32.1 64.3 28
VA 0.0 11.4 22.7 65.9 44
VT 0.0 0.0 9.1 90.9 11
WA 0.0 0.0 33.9 66.1 56
WI 2.2 1.1 21.3 75.3 89
WV 0.0 13.6 36.4 50.0 22
WY 0.0 0.0 33.3 66.7 15
Note: Birth centers are not included in these tabulations.




Table 2.3b: Supplementation of breastfed infants
by state
  What percent of healthy breastfed
infants receive non-breast milk feedings
N
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more
All 20.6 55.3 21.3 2.9 2570
State
AK 43.5 47.8 8.7 0.0 23
AL 9.3 41.9 46.5 2.3 43
AR 0.0 73.1 26.9 0.0 26
AZ 12.5 59.4 28.1 0.0 32
CA 14.2 59.5 23.7 2.6 190
CO 22.0 48.8 29.3 0.0 41
CT 14.3 76.2 9.5 0.0 21
DC 25.0 50.0 25.0 0.0 4
DE 42.9 42.9 14.3 0.0 7
FL 33.7 38.2 25.8 2.2 89
GA 10.6 48.5 36.4 4.5 66
HI 11.1 77.8 11.1 0.0 9
IA 17.1 61.4 18.6 2.9 70
ID 33.3 50.0 8.3 8.3 24
IL 10.7 55.3 30.1 3.9 103
IN 23.5 54.3 17.3 4.9 81
KS 27.9 51.5 19.1 1.5 68
KY 4.8 64.3 31.0 0.0 42
LA 11.9 61.9 23.8 2.4 42
MA 25.0 75.0 0.0 0.0 36
MD 14.8 63.0 18.5 3.7 27
ME 48.1 44.4 7.4 0.0 27
MI 15.1 56.2 24.7 4.1 73
MN 24.7 67.9 6.2 1.2 81
MO 21.4 55.4 19.6 3.6 56
MS 19.4 50.0 22.2 8.3 36
MT 31.0 58.6 3.4 6.9 29
NC 8.8 63.2 26.5 1.5 68
ND 12.5 75.0 12.5 0.0 16
NE 17.8 60.0 20.0 2.2 45
NH 66.7 33.3 0.0 0.0 21
NJ 2.3 59.1 34.1 4.5 44
NM 35.0 35.0 20.0 10.0 20
NV 7.7 53.8 30.8 7.7 13
NY 25.0 53.8 17.3 3.8 104
OH 23.7 60.8 13.4 2.1 97
OK 12.5 52.1 25.0 10.4 48
OR 39.2 56.9 3.9 0.0 51
PA 24.5 52.0 23.5 0.0 98
PR 0.0 20.0 80.0 0.0 10
RI 40.0 40.0 20.0 0.0 5
SC 16.2 35.1 43.2 5.4 37
SD 15.8 73.7 10.5 0.0 19
TN 12.9 58.1 22.6 6.5 62
TX 16.9 47.0 30.6 5.5 183
UT 16.7 63.3 16.7 3.3 30
VA 15.2 63.0 17.4 4.3 46
VT 72.7 27.3 0.0 0.0 11
WA 43.8 46.9 9.4 0.0 64
WI 30.4 60.9 8.7 0.0 92
WV 7.7 57.7 34.6 0.0 26
WY 21.4 71.4 7.1 0.0 14



Table 2.4b: Use of glucose water and/or water among breastfed infants
by state
  Do healthy breastfed
infants receive glucose
water and/or water
N
Yes No
All 31.5 68.5 2644
State
AK 25.0 75.0 24
AL 39.1 60.9 46
AR 51.9 48.1 27
AZ 22.9 77.1 35
CA 20.7 79.3 198
CO 19.5 80.5 41
CT 0.0 100.0 22
DC 25.0 75.0 4
DE 0.0 100.0 7
FL 16.1 83.9 93
GA 30.4 69.6 69
HI 33.3 66.7 9
IA 34.7 65.3 72
ID 44.0 56.0 25
IL 29.6 70.4 108
IN 36.1 63.9 83
KS 38.8 61.2 67
KY 41.9 58.1 43
LA 61.4 38.6 44
MA 14.7 85.3 34
MD 20.7 79.3 29
ME 27.6 72.4 29
MI 21.9 78.1 73
MN 53.6 46.4 84
MO 29.3 70.7 58
MS 50.0 50.0 38
MT 60.0 40.0 30
NC 30.0 70.0 70
ND 50.0 50.0 16
NE 52.2 47.8 46
NH 18.2 81.8 22
NJ 11.1 88.9 45
NM 25.0 75.0 20
NV 7.7 92.3 13
NY 26.4 73.6 106
OH 29.7 70.3 101
OK 42.9 57.1 49
OR 20.8 79.2 53
PA 31.0 69.0 100
PR 81.8 18.2 11
RI 0.0 100.0 5
SC 45.9 54.1 37
SD 36.8 63.2 19
TN 34.4 65.6 64
TX 33.7 66.3 187
UT 29.0 71.0 31
VA 27.7 72.3 47
VT 18.2 81.8 11
WA 27.7 72.3 65
WI 31.5 68.5 92
WV 44.4 55.6 27
WY 26.7 73.3 15