CDC National Survey of Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC)–2007

Table 2.1a: Prelacteal feeds among breastfed vaginal births
by facility type, size, NICU level, and region
  What percent of healthy breastfed infants receive
breast milk as first feeding after vaginal birth
N
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more
All 1.1 5.5 24.4 69.0 2611
Type of facility
Birth center 0.8 0.0 3.3 95.9 122
Government hospital 1.6 8.6 25.7 64.1 510
Non-profit hospital 0.8 4.1 24.8 70.3 1655
Private hospital 2.4 10.4 28.3 58.9 297
Military hospital 0.0 3.7 29.6 66.7 27
Size of facility
0-249 1.8 4.4 17.4 76.5 616
250-499 0.2 5.8 21.5 72.5 433
500-999 0.8 5.8 22.9 70.5 532
1000-1999 1.1 5.6 28.3 65.1 538
2000-4999 1.4 6.3 30.2 62.1 427
5000 or more 1.5 6.2 52.3 40.0 65
Teaching hospital
  Yes 0.0 9.8 33.3 56.9 174
No 1.2 5.5 24.8 68.5 2315
Birth center 0.8 0.0 3.3 95.9 122
Level of Neonatal Care
Unknown 0.0 13.6 27.3 59.1 22
Healthy newborn only 1.3 5.3 19.9 73.6 1082
Level 1 or 2 NICU 1.1 5.0 26.6 67.2 1044
Level 3 NICU 0.6 6.9 29.8 62.6 463
Census region
Pacific 0.3 4.3 20.3 75.1 345
Mountain 0.5 1.9 27.1 70.5 207
West North Central 0.3 2.8 25.7 71.3 362
East North Central 0.9 4.1 19.9 75.1 458
West South Central 3.7 10.5 32.2 53.6 295
East South Central 2.2 12.0 25.5 60.3 184
New England 0.0 0.8 18.5 80.6 124
Middle Atlantic 1.6 6.9 23.9 67.6 247
South Atlantic 0.8 6.4 26.5 66.3 389



Table 2.2a: Prelacteal feeds among breastfed Cesarean births
by hospital type, size, NICU level, and region
  What percent of healthy breastfed infants receive
breast milk as first feeding after Cesarean birth
N
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more
All 2.8 8.2 32.0 57.0 2439
Type of facility
Government hospital 3.3 8.6 33.5 54.7 490
Non-profit hospital 1.8 7.2 31.6 59.4 1633
Private hospital 7.2 13.4 30.3 49.0 290
Military hospital 3.8 7.7 46.2 42.3 26
Size of facility
0-249 2.7 6.5 27.3 63.5 479
250-499 2.4 8.7 28.1 60.8 423
500-999 2.3 7.5 31.0 59.3 523
1000-1999 3.4 8.5 33.3 54.8 529
2000-4999 3.1 9.1 37.6 50.2 418
5000 or more 3.0 14.9 52.2 29.9 67
Teaching hospital
  Yes 2.4 11.8 39.4 46.5 170
No 2.8 7.9 31.4 57.8 2269
Level of Neonatal Care
Unknown 0.0 21.4 42.9 35.7 14
Healthy newborn only 3.0 7.8 27.6 61.6 937
Level 1 or 2 NICU 2.8 7.9 33.3 56.0 1029
Level 3 NICU 2.4 9.4 37.5 50.8 459
Census region
Pacific 1.6 6.9 31.0 60.5 306
Mountain 1.6 3.1 35.9 59.4 192
West North Central 0.3 3.7 31.9 64.1 351
East North Central 2.7 4.7 29.9 62.7 445
West South Central 7.2 16.3 36.9 39.5 263
East South Central 5.0 14.0 27.4 53.6 179
New England 0.0 0.8 19.5 79.7 118
Middle Atlantic 4.3 11.6 33.5 50.6 233
South Atlantic 2.6 12.2 35.2 50.0 352
Note: Birth centers are not included in these tabulations.




Table 2.3a: Supplementation of breastfed infants
by facility type, size, NICU level, and region
  What percent of healthy breastfed
infants receive non-breast milk feedings
N
<10% 10-49% 50-89% 90% or more
All 20.6 55.3 21.3 2.9 2573
Type of facility
Birth center 87.2 11.1 1.7 0.0 117
Government hospital 17.7 51.5 26.1 4.7 513
Non-profit hospital 18.6 59.5 19.6 2.3 1626
Private hospital 9.9 55.8 29.8 4.5 292
Military hospital 20.0 56.0 24.0 0.0 25
Size of facility
0-249 36.3 46.2 14.2 3.3 611
250-499 17.4 54.0 27.0 1.6 437
500-999 17.4 59.9 19.8 2.9 516
1000-1999 15.8 59.6 21.8 2.8 537
2000-4999 12.6 59.0 25.2 3.2 405
5000 or more 7.5 53.7 32.8 6.0 67
Teaching hospital
  Yes 16.3 52.9 26.2 4.7 172
No 17.5 57.7 21.9 2.9 2284
Birth center 87.2 11.1 1.7 0.0 117
Level of Neonatal Care
Unknown 23.1 38.5 38.5 0.0 13
Healthy newborn only 28.1 50.3 18.8 2.8 1077
Level 1 or 2 NICU 15.4 59.1 22.7 2.9 1033
Level 3 NICU 14.2 58.9 23.8 3.1 450
Census region
Pacific 25.4 56.3 16.8 1.5 339
Mountain 22.7 54.7 18.7 3.9 203
West North Central 21.4 61.1 15.5 2.0 355
East North Central 20.6 57.6 18.8 2.9 446
West South Central 14.0 52.2 28.4 5.4 299
East South Central 11.5 54.1 30.1 4.4 183
New England 40.5 55.4 4.1 0.0 121
Middle Atlantic 20.7 54.1 22.8 2.4 246
South Atlantic 17.3 50.1 29.7 2.9 381



Table 2.4a: Use of glucose water and/or water among breastfed infants
by facility type, size, NICU level, and region
  Do healthy breastfed
infants receive glucose
water and/or water
N
Yes No
All 31.4 68.6 2647
Type of facility
Birth center 15.1 84.9 119
Government hospital 39.9 60.1 529
Non-profit hospital 30.3 69.7 1668
Private hospital 32.1 67.9 305
Military hospital 0.0 100.0 26
Size of facility
0-249 43.9 56.1 618
250-499 40.7 59.3 445
500-999 33.3 66.7 538
1000-1999 22.2 77.8 546
2000-4999 16.6 83.4 429
5000 or more 12.7 87.3 71
Teaching hospital
  Yes 15.2 84.8 178
No 33.5 66.5 2350
Birth center 15.1 84.9 119
Level of Neonatal Care
Unknown 25.0 75.0 12
Healthy newborn only 39.1 60.9 1098
Level 1 or 2 NICU 29.4 70.6 1062
Level 3 NICU 18.5 81.5 475
Census region
Pacific 22.5 77.5 351
Mountain 30.5 69.5 210
West North Central 42.0 58.0 362
East North Central 30.0 70.0 457
West South Central 40.7 59.3 307
East South Central 40.3 59.7 191
New England 15.4 84.6 123
Middle Atlantic 25.5 74.5 251
South Atlantic 29.1 70.9 395