Breastfeeding Rates1 by Socio-demographic Factors, Among Children Born in 2002 (Percent +/- half 95% Confidence Interval

Socio-demographic
Factors
n Ever
Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding
at 6 months
Breastfeeding
at 12 months
US National 27648 71.4±0.9 37.6±1.0 19.0±0.8
Sex
  Male 14253 70.8±1.3 36.1±1.3 18.1±1.1
  Female 13395 72.1±1.3 39.1±1.4 20.0±1.1
Race/ethnicity
  American Indian or Alaska Native 817 66.5±5.4 29.6±5.3 16.2±4.9
  Asian or Pacific Islander 1608 79.4±3.5 42.4±4.1 25.0±3.4
    -Asian 1345 79.8±3.7 42.3±4.5 24.1±3.5
    -Native Hawaiian and other 316 76.0±9.0 40.8±9.9 28.0±9.8
  Black or African American 4940 55.8±2.5 24.7±2.1 11.3±1.7
  White 20848 74.4±1.0 40.1±1.1 20.3±0.9
  Hispanic or Latino 5706 79.1±1.8 41.5±2.2 21.7±1.9
  Not Hispanic or Latino 21896 68.6±1.1 36.1±1.0 18.1±0.8
  Black or African American 4179 52.2±2.7 22.3±2.3 9.8±1.8
  White 16519 72.0±1.2 39.1±1.2 19.5±1.0
Birth Order
  First Born 15671 71.0±1.2 37.6±1.3 19.1±1.1
  Not First Born 11977 72.0±1.4 37.5±1.4 19.0±1.1
Receiving WIC2
  Received WIC 12631 65.2±1.4 29.9±1.4 14.7±1.1
  No WIC but eligible 1420 72.4±3.9 44.7±4.1 27.3±3.7
  No WIC and ineligible 11861 80.5±1.2 48.5±1.5 24.5±1.3
Maternal Age, Year
  Mom age<20 631 43.0±6.3 12.9±4.2 5.1±2.4
  20<=Mom age<=29 11301 67.2±1.4 30.7±1.4 14.7±1.1
  Mom age>=30 15716 76.9±1.1 45.3±1.3 23.8±1.2
Maternal Education
  <High School 3453 63.9±2.5 31.0±2.5 16.3±2.0
  High School 7021 63.4±1.8 28.9±1.7 14.4±1.4
  Some College 5182 75.2±1.8 38.8±2.1 19.3±1.8
  College Graduate 11992 84.2±1.1 52.3±1.4 26.6±1.3
Maternal Marital Status
  Married 20396 77.8±1.0 43.6±1.1 22.8±1.0
  Unmarried3 7252 57.3±1.9 24.2±1.7 10.8±1.2
Residence
  MSA,4 Central City 12444 72.3±1.5 38.1±1.6 19.6±1.3
  MSA, Non-Central City 9842 74.3±1.4 40.3±1.5 20.1±1.2
  Non-MSA 5362 62.6±2.2 29.8±1.9 15.1±1.4
Poverty Income Ratio,5 %
  Pov-Inc Ratio <100% 5090 63.0±2.2 30.2±2.1 15.9±1.7
  100%<=Pov-Inc Ratio<185% 4587 69.3±2.3 33.4±2.3 16.8±1.8
  185%<=Pov-Inc Ratio <350% 6467 73.4±1.8 40.6±2.0 20.6±1.7
  350%<=Pov-Inc Ratio 8255 80.7±1.5 47.1±1.7 22.8±1.5

1Exclusive breastfeeding information from earlier surveys is not shown due to changes in exclusive breastfeeding question.
2
WIC = Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children.
3
Unmarried includes never married, widowed, separated, divorced.
4
MSA = Metropolitan Statistical Area defined by the Census Bureau.
5
Poverty Income Ratio = Ratio of self-reported family income to the federal poverty threshold value depending on the number of people in the household.

Source: National Immunization Survey, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services

Sample sizes appearing in the NIS breastfeeding tables are slightly smaller than the numbers published in other NIS publications due to the fact that in the DNPAO breastfeeding analyses, the sample was limited to records with valid responses to the breastfeeding questions.