Breastfeeding Rates1 by Socio-demographic Factors, Among Children Born in 2001 (Percent +/- half 95% Confidence Interval

Socio-demographic
Factors
n Ever
Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding
at 6 months
Breastfeeding
at 12 months
US National 29129 71.6±1.0 36.9±1.2 18.2±0.9
Sex
  Male 14882 71.8±1.4 36.1±1.4 17.2±1.1
  Female 14247 71.5±1.4 37.7±1.9 19.3±1.3
Race/ethnicity
  American Indian or Alaska Native 828 69.1±5.1 30.8±4.9 15.1±3.6
  Asian or Pacific Islander 1656 76.6±4.8 42.3±4.6 23.0±3.8
    -Asian 1368 75.9±5.4 40.9±5.0 22.2±4.0
    -Native Hawaiian and other 337 84.6±5.8 50.7±11.9 28.6±10.5
  Black or African American 5369 56.1±2.5 24.6±2.3 11.1±2.0
  White 21488 74.7±1.1 39.5±1.4 19.6±1.0
  Hispanic or Latino 6272 79.9±1.8 41.1±3.2 20.9±2.0
  Not Hispanic or Latino 22796 68.5±1.1 35.2±1.1 17.2±0.9
  Black or African American 4653 51.7±2.6 21.7±2.0 9.2±1.4
  White 16755 72.5±1.2 38.4±1.3 18.8±1.0
Birth Order
  First Born 17695 71.1±1.2 37.8±1.6 19.2±1.1
  Not First Born 11434 72.5±1.6 35.3±1.7 16.5±1.3
Receiving WIC2
  Received WIC 13910 65.4±1.5 29.7±1.8 14.9±1.2
  No WIC but eligible 1523 77.3±3.6 50.8±4.4 28.2±3.8
  No WIC and ineligible 11684 80.3±1.3 46.3±1.7 21.9±1.4
Maternal Age, Year
  Mom age<20 700 59.2±7.4 13.9±4.5 7.2±3.2
  20<=Mom age<=29 12192 67.9±1.6 30.7±2.0 14.4±1.1
  Mom age>=30 16237 75.9±1.2 44.0±1.5 22.4±1.2
Maternal Education
  <High School 4062 66.0±2.9 32.1±3.7 16.7±2.2
  High School 7721 63.6±1.7 27.8±1.6 13.8±1.3
  Some College 5507 74.0±1.9 35.9±2.1 16.9±1.6
  College Graduate 11839 84.5±1.3 53.2±1.7 26.0±1.6
Maternal Marital Status
  Married 20947 77.7±1.0 43.0±1.4 21.4±1.1
  Unmarried3 8182 58.5±2.0 23.4±1.8 11.2±1.4
Residence
  MSA,4 Central City 13308 70.3±1.7 37.3±2.2 18.3±1.3
  MSA, Non-Central City 10240 75.6±1.3 39.4±1.7 19.6±1.3
  Non-MSA 5581 64.4±2.6 29.9±2.5 14.5±2.0
Poverty Income Ratio,5 %
  Pov-Inc Ratio <100% 5569 64.4±2.4 31.3±3.3 16.4±1.9
  100%<=Pov-Inc Ratio<185% 5037 68.9±2.1 33.8±2.3 18.2±1.9
  185%<=Pov-Inc Ratio <350% 6922 73.4±1.8 37.0±2.0 17.8±1.4
  350%<=Pov-Inc Ratio 7922 80.7±1.7 47.9±2.1 21.3±1.8
1Exclusive breastfeeding information from earlier surveys is not shown due to changes in exclusive breastfeeding question.
2
WIC = Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children.
3
Unmarried includes never married, widowed, separated, divorced.
4
MSA = Metropolitan Statistical Area defined by the Census Bureau.
5
Poverty Income Ratio = Ratio of self-reported family income to the federal poverty threshold value depending on the number of people in the household.

Source: National Immunization Survey, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services

Sample sizes appearing in the NIS breastfeeding tables are slightly smaller than the numbers published in other NIS publications due to the fact that in the DNPAO breastfeeding analyses, the sample was limited to records with valid responses to the breastfeeding questions.