HIV Testing Recommendations
To help address disparities in HIV screening and early diagnosis of infection, and link patients to essential medical services, the CDC developed HIV testing recommendations for all health care providers who practice in settings where diagnostic and screening tests are performed.
Key Points of CDC’s HIV Testing Recommendations
- HIV screening for all patients ages 13 to 64 as part of routine health care. The patient is informed that testing will be done unless he or she declines, a process known as opt-out screening.
- Annual rescreening (at a minimum) for patients at high risk for HIV infection. These include injection drug users and their sex partners, people who exchange sex for money or drugs, sex partners of HIV-infected people, and anyone who has had or whose sex partners have had more than one sex partner since their most recent HIV test. For people with these risk factors, CDC sexually transmitted disease treatment guidelines recommend screening every 3 to 6 months for HIV.
- HIV screening as part of routine prenatal screening tests for all pregnant women. The patient is informed that testing will be done unless declined.
The recommendations simplify the testing process and are supported by many organizations, including the leading organizations serving ethnic and minority health care providers
|In Support of CDC’s Recommendations||HIV Testing Recommendations|
|U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)||
|American College of Physicians (ACP)||
|American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion||
|National Medical Association (NMA)||
|National Hispanic Medical Association (NHMA)||
|National Black Nurses Association (NBNA)||
- Page last reviewed: April 21, 2016
- Page last updated: April 21, 2016
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