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HIV Screeening. Standard Care. TLC Testing and Linking Minority Patients to Care

HIV Testing Recommendations

Thumbnail image of the annotated guide to CDC's September 2006 Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health.

To help address disparities in HIV screening and early diagnosis of infection, and link patients to essential medical services, the CDC developed HIV testing recommendations for all health care providers who practice in settings where diagnostic and screening tests are performed.

Key Points of CDC’s HIV testing recommendations:


The recommendations simplify the testing process and are supported by many organizations, including the leading organizations serving ethnic and minority health care providers.


In Support of CDC’s Recommendations HIV Testing Recommendations
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)
  • Everyone aged 15 to 65 should be screened for HIV infection. Teens younger than age 15 and adults older than 65 also should be screened if they are at increased risk for HIV infection.
  • All pregnant women, including women in labor who do not know their HIV status, should be screened for HIV infection.
For more details >>
American College of Physicians (ACP)
  • Clinicians adopt routine screening for HIV and encourage patients to be tested.
  • Clinicians determine the need for repeat screening on an individual basis.
For more details >>
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)  Committee Opinion
  • Routine HIV screening recommended for women aged 19–64
  • Targeted screening for women with risk factors outside of that age range
  • OB/GYNs annually review patients’ risk factors for HIV and assess the need for retesting.
For more details >>
National Medical Association (NMA)
  • The NMA HIV/AIDS Testing and Treatment Consensus Panel strongly supports the use of routine testing consistent with the CDC recommendations.
For more details >>
National Hispanic Medical Association (NHMA)
  • Recognizes that Hispanics/Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV.
  • Supports the use of routine testing consistent with the CDC recommendations and recognizes the importance of prompt linkage to care for those who test HIV positive.
National Black Nurses Association (NBNA)
  • Recognizes that Blacks/African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV.
  • Supports the use of routine testing consistent with the CDC recommendations and recognizes the importance of prompt linkage to care for those who test HIV positive.


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