ABCs Report: group A Streptococcus, 1998
Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs): Emerging Infections Program Network
California (3 county San Francisco Bay area); Connecticut; Georgia (20 county Atlanta area); Maryland (6 county Baltimore area); Minnesota (7 county Twin Cities area); New York (7 county Rochester area); Oregon (3 county Portland area)
The surveillance areas represent 17,520,505 persons. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1998
ABCs Case Definition
Invasive group A streptococcal disease: isolation of group A Streptococcus (S. pyogenes) from a normally sterile site or from a wound culture accompanied by necrotizing fasciitis or Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome in a resident of a surveillance area in 1998.
Project personnel communicated at least monthly with contacts in all microbiology laboratories serving acute care hospitals in their area to identify cases. Standardized case report forms that include information on demographic characteristics, clinical syndrome, and outcome of illness were completed for each identified case. Strains were typed by the emm system at CDC. Regular laboratory audits assess completeness of active surveillance and detect additional cases.
All rates of invasive group A Streptococcal disease were calculated using U.S. Bureau of the Census postcensal population estimates for 1998. For national projections of cases, race- and age-specific rates of disease were applied from the aggregate surveillance area to the age and racial distribution of the 1998 U. S. population. Cases with unknown race were distributed by site based on reported race distribution for known cases within the eight age categories.
Reported ABCs Profiles
Unknown race (n=67) distributed among knowns
* Cases per 100,000 population for ABCs areas
*Cases per 100,000 population for ABCs areas
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1999. Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Report, Emerging Infections Program Network, Group A Streptococcus, 1998.
|<1||18 (7.5)||2 (0.8)|
|1||11 (4.6)||0 (0.0)|
|2-4||20 (2.8)||0 (0.0)|
|5-17||43 (1.4)||1 (0.03)|
|18-34||96 (2.2)||5 (0.1)|
|35-49||159 (3.6)||10 (0.2)|
|50-64||116 (4.8)||17 (0.7)|
|≥ 65||198 (10.0)||44 (2.2)|
|Total||661 (3.8)||79 (0.5)|
*Cases or deaths per 100,000 population for ABCs areas
|ABCs Area||Most common emm types*||% of area
|California||1, 101, 114, 92, 28, 33||59|
|Connecticut||1, 28, 3, 4, 11||59|
|Georgia||1, 3, 28||51|
|Maryland||43, 12, 1, 89, 6, 28||59|
|Minnesota||1, 12, 28, 3, 77||51|
|Total||1, 28, 3, 12, 89, 6, 11||55|
*Requires a minimum of 4 isolates
|Streptococcal toxic shock||34||(5.1)|
Note: Some cases had more than one syndrome.
Potentially preventable invasive group A streptococcal disease
During 1998, 10 cases (ages in years 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 26, 43, and 94) of invasive GAS disease were detected in patients with varicella.
National Estimates of Invasive Disease
Cases: 10,200 (3.8/100,000)
Deaths: 1,300 (0.5/100,000)
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