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National Suicide Statistics at a Glance

Number* and Percentage of Suicides for Persons Ages 10 Years and Older, by Sex and Associated Circumstances - National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 states§, 2009

Associated circumstances

MaleFemaleTotal
No.%No.%No.%

Mental Health/Substance Abuse

Current Depressed Mood

2,819

41.5

814

42.7

3,633

41.8

Current Mental Health Problem

2,723

40.1

1,184

62.1

3,907

44.9

Current Mental Health Treatment

1,830

26.9

944

49.5

2,774

31.9

Alcohol Problem

1,317

19.4

298

15.6

1,615

18.6

Other Substance Abuse Problem

933

13.7

340

17.8

1,273

14.6

Interpersonal

Intimate Partner Problem

2,289

33.7

492

25.8

2,781

32.0

Other Relationship Problem (non-intimate)

659

9.7

267

14.0

926

10.6

Suicide of Family Member or Friend within Past Five Years

127

1.9

34

1.8

161

1.9

Other death of Family Member or Friend within Past Five Years

443

6.5

110

5.8

553

6.4

Perpetrator of Interpersonal Violence within Past Month

332

4.9

27

1.4

359

4.1

Victim of Interpersonal Violence within Past Month

19

0.3

15

0.8

34

0.4

Life Stressor

Crisis in Past Two Weeks

1,926

28.4

435

22.8

2,361

27.1

Physical Health Problem

1,419

20.9

442

23.2

1,861

21.4

Job Problem

1,103

16.2

194

10.2

1,297

14.9

Recent Criminal Legal Problem

736

10.8

102

5.4

838

9.6

Non-criminal Legal Problem

247

3.6

69

3.6

316

3.6

Financial Problem

987

14.5

233

12.2

1,220

14.0

School Problem

83

1.2

24

1.3

107

1.2

Suicide Event

Left a Suicide Note

2,185

32.2

751

39.4

2,936

33.7

Disclosed Intent to Commit Suicide

1,948

28.7

560

29.4

2,508

28.8

History of Suicide Attempt(s)

1,101

16.2

653

34.2

1,754

20.2

The National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) is a state-based surveillance system that utilizes multiple data sources including death certificates, coroner/medical examiner records, and law enforcement reports to provide detailed information on circumstances precipitating violent deaths. In 2009, 16 states collected statewide data for the NVDRS.

Overall, the most commonly reported circumstances associated with suicide decedents were current mental-health problems, with 44.9 % described as experiencing a depressed mood at the time of their death. Similar percentages of male and female suicide decedents were observed to have a depressed mood at the time of death; however, female victims were more than 1.5 times as likely as male victims to have a current diagnosis of a mental-health problem (62.1% and 40.1%, respectively) or be currently treated for a mental-health problem (49.5% and 26.9%, respectively) or to have a history of suicide attempt(s) (34.2% and 16.2% respectively)

Data Source: 2009 NVDRS data using WISQARS (http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars)

Footnote: *N = 8,701 (6,794 males and 1,907 females). There were 1244 suicides in which circumstances were unknown and these cases were not included in the percentage calculations.

†Percentages might exceed 100% because multiple circumstances might have been coded.

§Alaska, Colorado, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin.

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