Intimate Partner Violence: Data Sources
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the world's largest on-going telephone health survey system, tracking health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States yearly since 1984. The health departments of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands conduct the survey. CDC offers two optional modules to the BRFSS, an 8-question module on sexual violence and a 7-question module on intimate partner violence.
- National Violence Against Women Survey
To further the understanding of violence against women, the National Institute of Justice and the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, jointly sponsored the National Violence Against Women Survey. Interviews were obtained from 8,000 women and 8,005 men who were 18 years of age or older residing in households throughout the United States in 1996. Respondents were asked about (1) their general fear of violence; (2) emotional abuse they had experienced by marital or cohabiting partners; (3) physical assault they had experienced as children by adult caretakers; (4) physical assault they had experienced as adults by any type of perpetrator; (5) forcible rape or stalking they had experienced by any type of perpetrator; and (6) threatened violence they had experienced by any type of perpetrator. The following reports were generated from the survey data:
- Full Report of the Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women [PDF 298KB]
- Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey< [PDF 1.2MB]
- Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Rape Victimization: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey [PDF 2.2MB]
- Stalking in America: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey [PDF 186KB]
- National Violent Death Reporting System
CDC has funded 18 states and established the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) to gather, share, and link state-level data on violent deaths. NVDRS provides CDC and states with a more complete understanding of violent deaths. This enables policy makers and community leaders to make informed decisions about violence prevention programs, including those that address intimate partner violence.
- National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), in collaboration with the National Institutes of Justice (NIJ), and the Department of Defense (DoD) has developed a telephone survey, the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS). Beginning in 2010, NISVS will collect ongoing population-based surveillance data, generating accurate and reliable incidence and prevalence estimates for intimate partner violence, sexual violence, dating violence and stalking victimization IPV, SV, dating violence, and stalking victimization.
- The National Survey of Family Growth
The National Survey of Family Growth gathers information on family life, marriage and divorce, pregnancy, infertility, use of contraception, and men's and women's health. The survey results are used by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and others to plan health services and health education programs, and to do statistical studies of families, fertility, and health.
- Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System
The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is a surveillance project of CDC and state health departments. PRAMS collects state-specific, population-based data on maternal attitudes and experiences before, during, and shortly after pregnancy. Data on physical abuse during and after pregnancy are collected.
- Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
CDC's Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System monitors health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability, including intimate partner violence (in the form of teen dating abuse), among young people in the United States.
- Federal Bureau of Investigation
Since the 1930s, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has been collecting data on crime in the United States. Each year, the FBI publishes a summary of Crime in the United States, Hate Crime Statistics, special studies, reports, and monographs.
- National Crime Victimization Survey
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is the primary source of information on criminal victimization in the United States. Each year, data are obtained from a nationally representative sample of 77,200 households comprising nearly 134,000 persons on the frequency, characteristics, and consequences of criminal victimization in the United States. The survey enables the Bureau of Justice Statistics to estimate the likelihood of victimization by rape, sexual assault, robbery, assault, theft, household burglary, and motor vehicle theft. This information is provided for the population as a whole as well as for segments of the population such as women, the elderly, members of various racial groups, city dwellers, or other groups. The NCVS provides the largest national forum for victims to describe the impact of crime and characteristics of violent offenders.
- National Comorbidity Study
The baseline National Comorbidity Study, fielded from fall 1990 to spring 1992, was the first nationally representative mental health survey in the United States to use a fully structured research diagnostic interview to assess the prevalences and correlates of DSM-III-R disorders.
- National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) is a nationally representative study that explores the causes of health-related behaviors of adolescents in grades 7 through 12 and their outcomes in young adulthood. Add Health seeks to examine how social contexts (families, friends, peers, schools, neighborhoods, and communities) influence adolescents' health and risk behaviors.
- National Survey of Families and Households
The National Survey of Families and Households was designed to provide a broad range of information on family life for research across disciplinary perspectives. A considerable amount of life-history information was collected, including: the respondent's family living arrangements in childhood, departures and returns to the parental home, and histories of marriage, cohabitation, education, fertility, and employment. The design provided the detailed description of past and current living arrangements and other characteristics and experiences, the analysis of the consequences of earlier patterns on current states, marital and parenting relationships, kin contact, and economic and psychological well-being. Interviews were conducted in 1987-88, 1992-94, and 2001-2003.
- World Health Organization's Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women
This report presents initial results based on interviews with 24,000 women. Report findings document the prevalence of intimate partner violence and its association with women's physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health. Data are included on non-partner violence, sexual abuse during childhood and forced first sexual experience. The report concludes with 15 recommendations to strengthen national commitment and action on violence against women.
- Measuring Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration: A Compendium of Assessment Tools [PDF 498KB]
This compendium provides researchers and prevention specialists with a set of assessment tools with demonstrated reliability and validity for measuring the self-reported incidence and prevalence of intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration.