Tuberculosis in the African–American Community
Disparities in tuberculosis (TB) persist among members of racial and ethnic minority populations. In 2010, the majority (84%) of all reported TB cases in the United States (US) occurred in racial and ethnic minorities. Black, non-Hispanic persons, have a disproportionate share of TB in the US.
In 2010, TB was reported in 2,652 black, non-Hispanic persons, 24% of all persons reported with TB nationally. Also, in 2010, the rate of TB in black, non-Hispanic persons was 7.0 cases per 100,000 population, which is approximately 7 times higher than the rate of TB in white, non-Hispanic persons (0.9 cases per 100,000 population).
The proportion of TB in black, non-Hispanic persons, is even greater if only US-born (African–American) persons reported with TB are examined. In 2010, among US-born persons reported with TB, 40% were African Americans (black, non-Hispanic).
Although rates of TB in both blacks and whites have declined substantially over the past decade, the disparity remains. We must better target our efforts to prevent and control TB in this population. Addressing the TB disparity among African Americans and other US-born racial/ethnic groups is an important priority.