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5: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury
Estimates among Children 0 to 19 Years,
United States, 2001 – 2006

5.7: Analysis by Cause

This section describes nonfatal injuries from selected causes in more detail.

5.7.1: Nonfatal Injuries due to Bites or Stings

Dog bites, insect stings and other animal bites accounted for 6% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal injury rate for bites and stings was 658 per 100,000. The rate among males was 706 per 100,000 and among females was 606 per 100,000. (Fig 44) The rate was highest among children 1 to 4 years of age (1116 per 100,000), followed by those 5 to 9 years (723 per 100,000). (Fig 50)

Figure 50: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates from Bites and Stings among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, U.S., 2001 - 2006

5.7.2: Nonfatal Drowning

Nonfatal drowning accounted for less than 1% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal drowning rate was 5 per 100,000. The rate for males was 6 per 100,000 and the rate for females was 4 per 100,000. (Fig 44) The highest rates were among children 1 to 4 years of age (14 per 100,000) and among children less than 1 year of age (12 per 100,000). (Fig 51) The nonfatal drowning rate may be unreliable due to variation in the number of drowning injuries seen in emergency departments.

Figure 51: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates due to Drowning among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, United States, 2001 - 2006

5.7.3: Nonfatal Injuries due to Falls

Falls accounted for 31% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. Fall-related injuries were the most common reason for injury-related initial ED visits among all age groups except 15 to 19 year olds. (Table 7) The nonfatal injury rate for falls was 3,420 per 100,000. Males had a higher rate than females (3,871 vs. 2,946 per 100,000). (Fig 44) The fall rate was highest among children 1 to 4 years (5,531 per 100,000). (Fig 52)

Figure 52: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates due to Falls among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, United States, 2001 - 2006

5.7.4: Nonfatal Injuries due to Fire or Burns

Injuries from fire or burns accounted for almost 2% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. These injuries were the fourth leading cause of ED visits among children less than 1 year of age. (Table 7) The overall nonfatal injury rate due to fire or burns was 190 per 100,000. The rate for males was 206 per 100,000 and the rate for females was 174 per 100,000. (Fig 44) The rate of nonfatal fire or burn injuries was highest among children 1 to 4 years of age (379 per 100,000) followed by those less than 1 year (282 per 100,000). (Fig 53)

Figure 53: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates from Fires or Burns among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, U.S., 2001 - 2006

5.7.5: Nonfatal Poisoning

Poisoning accounted for almost 2% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal injury rate for poisoning was 168 per 100,000. The rate among males was 172 per 100,000 and among females was 163 per 100,000. (Fig 44) The rate of poisoning was highest among children 1 to 4 years of age (372 per 100,000), followed by those 15 to 19 years of age (236 per 100,000). (Fig 54)

Figure 54: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates due to Poisoning among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, United States, 2001 - 2006

5.7.6: Nonfatal Injuries due to being Struck by or Against an Object

Being struck by or against an object accounted for 22% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal injury rate due to being struck by or against an object was 2,463 per 100,000. The rate among males was nearly twice that of females (3,163 vs. 1,728 per 100,000). (Fig 44) Rates were similar among all age groups older than 1 year of age. (Fig 55)

Figure 55: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates from being Struck by or Against an Object among Children, by Age Group, U.S., 2001 - 2006

5.7.7: Nonfatal Suffocation

Suffocation accounted for less than 1% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal injury rate for suffocation was 22 per 100,000. The rate was 23 per 100,000 among males and 21 per 100,000 among females. (Fig 44) The rate of nonfatal suffocation was highest among children less than 1 year of age (150 per 100,000) and decreased with age. (Fig 56)

Figure 56: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates due to Suffocation among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, United States, 2001 - 2006

5.7.8: Nonfatal Injuries related to Transportation

Transportation-related injuries accounted for 15% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal injury rate for this cause was 1,631 per 100,000. Males had a higher rate than females (1,784 vs. 1,472 per 100,000). (Fig 44) The nonfatal injury rate for motor vehicle-related injuries increased with age. The rate was highest among those 15 to 19 years of age (3,016 per 100,000) followed by those 10 to 14 years of age (1,617 per 100,000). (Fig 57)

Figure 57: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates from Transportation-related Injuries among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, United States, 2001 - 2006

Nonfatal Injuries among Motor Vehicle Occupants

Motor vehicle occupant injuries accounted for almost 8% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal injury rate for motor vehicle occupants was 829 per 100,000. The rate was highest among those 15 to 19 years of age (2,164 per 100,000). (Fig 58) Males had a rate of 741 per 100,000; females had a rate of 922 per 100,000 (Fig 44).

Figure 58: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates from MV-Occupant Injuries among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, U.S., 2001 - 2006

Nonfatal Injuries among Pedal Cyclists

Pedal cyclist injuries accounted for 4% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal injury rate for pedal cyclists was 394 per 100,000. The rate among males was twice that of females (559 vs. 221 per 100,000). (Fig 44) The rate increased with age up to 14 years. The rate was highest among children 10 to 14 years of age (639 per 100,000) and among those 5 to 9 years of age (532 per 100,000). (Fig 59)

Figure 59: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates from Pedal Cyclist Injuries among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, U.S., 2001 - 2006

Nonfatal Injuries among Pedestrians

Pedestrian injuries accounted for less than 1% of the nonfatal injuries among children 0 to 19 years of age. The nonfatal injury rate for pedestrians was 72 per 100,000. Males had a rate of 83 per 100,000; females had a rate of 61 per 100,000. (Fig 44) The rate increased with age. The rate was highest among those 15 to 19 years of age and those 10 to 14 years of age (97 and 88 per 100,000, respectively). (Fig 60) The nonfatal injury rate for pedestrians among children less than 1 year of age was based on a small number of events and may be unreliable.

Figure 60: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates from Pedestrian Injuries among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group, United States, 2001 - 2006

References

 
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