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5: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Estimates among Children 0 to 19 Years, United States, 2001 – 2006

5.5: Nonfatal Injuries by Age Group and Cause

The leading causes of nonfatal injury also differed by age group. Fall-related injuries were highest among those less than 1, 1 to 4, 5 to 9 and 10 to 14. For those 15 to 19 years, struck by or against an object was the leading cause of nonfatal injuries, followed by falls, MV occupant, & overexertion, respectively. The nonfatal rate for suffocation was highest among children less than 1 year (150 per 100,000). (Table 6)

Table 6: Nonfatal Unintentional Injury Rates among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group and Cause, United States, 2001 - 2006*

* Data Source: NEISS-AIP

Age Group in Years

Less Than 1 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 14 15 to 19
Bites/Stings 338 1116 723 495 471
Cut/Pierce 168 558 639 759 1094
Drowning 12 14 3 2 1
Falls 3049 5531 3406 3136 2178
Fire/Burns 282 379 111 96 200
Foreign Body 230 726 287 126 191
Overexertion 156 468 385 1347 1883
Other Injuries 142 254 92 168 516
Poisoning 168 373 45 62 236
Struck By/Against 795 2411 2152 2854 2732
Suffocation 150 48 11 6 4
Transportation
   MV - Occupant 182 279 366 489 2164
   MV - Other 43 202 268 401 498
   Pedal cyclist 7 175 532 639 258
   Pedestrian 5 41 68 88 97
Unknown/Unspecified 142 301 224 552 514

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References

  1. Sleet, DA, RA Schieber, A Dellinger. Childhood injuries. The Enclyclopedia of Public Health, Vol I (Ed., L Breslow). New York: Macmillan Reference, USA 2002, pp 184-187.
  2. Danesco ER, Miller TR, Spicer RS. Incidence and costs of 1987-1994 childhood injuries: demographic breakdowns. Pediatrics 2000;105(2):E27.
  3. WHO. World report on child injury prevention WHO, Geneva 2008
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System [online]. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars. [Accessed Aug 2008].
  5. Child and adolescent injury prevention: a global call to action. Geneva, World Health Organization and UNICEF, 2005. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2005/9241593415_eng.pdf. [Accessed: September 17, 2008]. *
  6. Bernard SJ, Paulozzi LJ, Wallace DL. Fatal injuries among children by race and ethnicity—United States, 1999-2002. MMWR Surveill Summ 2007; 18;56(5):1-16.
  7. Schnitzer PG. Prevention of unintentional childhood injuries. Am Fam Physician 2006; 74(11):1864-9.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. VitalStats. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/vitalstats.htm. [Accessed: Aug 10, 2008].
  9. US Consumer Product Safety Commission. The NEISS sample: design and implementation. In: Kessler E, Schroeder T, eds. Washington, DC: US Consumer Product Safety Commission, 2000.
  10. World Health Organization. Manual of the international statistical classification of disease, injuries, and causes of death, 10th revision. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1999.
  11. Fingerhut L. ICD Framework: External cause of injury mortality matrix [online]. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/otheract/ice/matrix10.htm.
  12. CDC. Recommended framework for presenting injury mortality data. In: Reports and Recommendations, August 29, 1997. MMWR 1997:46(No. RR-14):1-30.
  13. Vyrostek SB, Annest JL, Ryan GW. Surveillance for Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries — United States, 2001. In: Surveillance Summaries, September 3, 2004. MMWR 2004;53(No. SS-7):1-57.
  14. Arias E, Schauman WS, Eschbach K, Sorlie PD, Backlund E. The validity of race and Hispanic origin reporting on death certificates in the United States. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(148). 2008.
 
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