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4: Unintentional Injury Deaths among
Children 0 to 19 Years, United States,
2000 – 2005

4.8: Analysis by Age group

4.8.1: Injury Deaths among Children Less Than 1 Year

The U.S. death rate for children less than 1 year of age was 24.4 per 100,000. Males in this age group had a rate of 26.9 per 100,000 and females a rate of 21.8 per 100,000. (Fig 5) The death rate due to suffocation was 16.1 per 100,000. (Fig 13)

Figure 13:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children Less Than 1 Year, by Cause, United States, 2000 – 2005

In this age group, the state death rates varied from 6.1 per 100,000 to 92.6 per 100,000. (Fig 14 and Map 2)

Figure 14:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children Less Than 1 Year, Listed by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

Map 2: Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children Less Than 1 Year, Mapped by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

4.8.2: Injury Deaths among Children 1 to 4 Years

The U.S. death rate for children 1 to 4 years of age was 10.8 per 100,000.  Males in this age group had a rate of 12.9 per 100,000 and females a rate of 8.7 per 100,000. (Fig 5)  Transportation-related injuries resulted in the highest death rate (4.2 per 100,000). (Fig 15)

Figure 15:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 1 to 4 Years, by Cause, United States, 2000 – 2005

In this age group, the state death rates varied from 4.4 per 100,000 to 24.4 per 100,000. (Fig 16 and Map 3)

Figure 16:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 1 to 4 Years, Listed by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

Map 3: Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 1 to 4 Years, Mapped by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

4.8.3: Injury Deaths among Children 5 to 9 Years

The U.S. death rate for children 5 to 9 years of age was 6.0 per 100,000. This age group had the lowest death rate among all age groups. Males 5 to 9 years of age had a death rate of 7.0 per 100,000 and females a rate of 4.9 per 100,000. (Fig 5) Transportation-related injuries resulted in the highest death rate (3.6 per 100,000). (Fig 17)

Figure 17:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 5 to 9 Years, by Cause, United States, 2000 – 2005

In this age group, the state death rates varied from 2.1 per 100,000 to 16.0 per 100,000. (Fig 18 and Map 4)

Figure 18:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 5 to 9 Years, Listed by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

Map 4: Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 5 to 9 Years, Mapped by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

4.8.4: Injury Deaths among Children 10 to 14 Years

The U.S. death rate for children 10 to 14 years of age was 7.2 per 100,000. Males in this age group had a rate of 9.2 per 100,000 and females 5.2 per 100,000. (Fig 5) Transportation-related injuries resulted in the highest death rate (4.9 per 100,000). (Fig 19)

Figure 19:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 10 to 14 Years, by Cause, United States, 2000 – 2005

In this age group, the state death rates varied from 3.3 per 100,000 to 20.7 per 100,000. (Fig 20 and Map 5)

Figure 20:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 10 to 14 Years, Listed by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

Map 5: Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 10 to 14 Years, Mapped by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

4.8.5: Injury Deaths among Children 15 to 19 Years

The U.S. death rate for children 15 to 19 years of age was 33.1 per 100,000. This age group had the highest death rate among all age groups. Males in this age group had a death rate of 45.1 per 100,000 and females 20.3 per 100,000. (Fig 5) Transportation-related injuries resulted in the highest death rate (26.4 per 100,000) (Fig 21)

Figure 21:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 15 to 19 Years, by Cause, United States, 2000 – 2005

In this age group, the state death rates varied from 16.4 per 100,000 to 57.7 per 100,000. (Fig 22 and Map 6)

Figure 22:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 15 to 19 Years, Listed by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

Map 6: Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 15 to 19 Years, Mapped by State, United States, 2000 – 2005

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References

  1. Sleet, DA, RA Schieber, A Dellinger. Childhood injuries. The Enclyclopedia of Public Health, Vol I (Ed., L Breslow). New York: Macmillan Reference, USA 2002, pp 184-187.
  2. Danesco ER, Miller TR, Spicer RS. Incidence and costs of 1987-1994 childhood injuries: demographic breakdowns. Pediatrics 2000;105(2):E27.
  3. WHO. World report on child injury prevention WHO, Geneva 2008
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System [online]. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars. [Accessed Aug 2008].
  5. Child and adolescent injury prevention: a global call to action. Geneva, World Health Organization and UNICEF, 2005. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2005/9241593415_eng.pdf. [Accessed: September 17, 2008]. *
  6. Bernard SJ, Paulozzi LJ, Wallace DL. Fatal injuries among children by race and ethnicity—United States, 1999-2002. MMWR Surveill Summ 2007; 18;56(5):1-16.
  7. Schnitzer PG. Prevention of unintentional childhood injuries. Am Fam Physician 2006; 74(11):1864-9.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. VitalStats. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/vitalstats.htm. [Accessed: Aug 10, 2008].
  9. US Consumer Product Safety Commission. The NEISS sample: design and implementation. In: Kessler E, Schroeder T, eds. Washington, DC: US Consumer Product Safety Commission, 2000.
  10. World Health Organization. Manual of the international statistical classification of disease, injuries, and causes of death, 10th revision. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1999.
  11. Fingerhut L. ICD Framework: External cause of injury mortality matrix [online]. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/otheract/ice/matrix10.htm.
  12. CDC. Recommended framework for presenting injury mortality data. In: Reports and Recommendations, August 29, 1997. MMWR 1997:46(No. RR-14):1-30.
  13. Vyrostek SB, Annest JL, Ryan GW. Surveillance for Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries — United States, 2001. In: Surveillance Summaries, September 3, 2004. MMWR 2004;53(No. SS-7):1-57.
  14. Arias E, Schauman WS, Eschbach K, Sorlie PD, Backlund E. The validity of race and Hispanic origin reporting on death certificates in the United States. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(148). 2008.
 
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