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4: Unintentional Injury Deaths
among Children 0 to 19 Years,
United States, 2000 – 2005

4.5: Injury Deaths by Age Group and Cause

The death rate for transportation-related injuries was highest among those 15 years and older while the death rate for suffocation was dramatically lower after the first year of life. Injury death rates from fires or burns and drowning both peaked among children 1 to 4 years of age. Unintentional poisoning death rates peaked among the 15 to 19 year olds. Transportation-related injuries among 15 to 19 were more than 5 times the rate of those 10 to 14. (Fig 9 and 10)

Figure 9: Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group and Cause, United States, 2000 – 2005

In order to more easily see some of these changes by age group, Fig 10 shows the death rates for the four causes with rates less than 3.0 per 100,000: burns, drowning, falls and poisoning.

Figure 10:  Unintentional Injury Death Rates among Children 0 to 19 Years, by Age Group and Selected Causes, United States, 2000 – 2005

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References

  1. Sleet, DA, RA Schieber, A Dellinger. Childhood injuries. The Enclyclopedia of Public Health, Vol I (Ed., L Breslow). New York: Macmillan Reference, USA 2002, pp 184-187.
  2. Danesco ER, Miller TR, Spicer RS. Incidence and costs of 1987-1994 childhood injuries: demographic breakdowns. Pediatrics 2000;105(2):E27.
  3. WHO. World report on child injury prevention WHO, Geneva 2008
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System [online]. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars. [Accessed Aug 2008].
  5. Child and adolescent injury prevention: a global call to action. Geneva, World Health Organization and UNICEF, 2005. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2005/9241593415_eng.pdf. [Accessed: September 17, 2008]. *
  6. Bernard SJ, Paulozzi LJ, Wallace DL. Fatal injuries among children by race and ethnicity—United States, 1999-2002. MMWR Surveill Summ 2007; 18;56(5):1-16.
  7. Schnitzer PG. Prevention of unintentional childhood injuries. Am Fam Physician 2006; 74(11):1864-9.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. VitalStats. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/vitalstats.htm. [Accessed: Aug 10, 2008].
  9. US Consumer Product Safety Commission. The NEISS sample: design and implementation. In: Kessler E, Schroeder T, eds. Washington, DC: US Consumer Product Safety Commission, 2000.
  10. World Health Organization. Manual of the international statistical classification of disease, injuries, and causes of death, 10th revision. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1999.
  11. Fingerhut L. ICD Framework: External cause of injury mortality matrix [online]. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/otheract/ice/matrix10.htm.
  12. CDC. Recommended framework for presenting injury mortality data. In: Reports and Recommendations, August 29, 1997. MMWR 1997:46(No. RR-14):1-30.
  13. Vyrostek SB, Annest JL, Ryan GW. Surveillance for Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries — United States, 2001. In: Surveillance Summaries, September 3, 2004. MMWR 2004;53(No. SS-7):1-57.
  14. Arias E, Schauman WS, Eschbach K, Sorlie PD, Backlund E. The validity of race and Hispanic origin reporting on death certificates in the United States. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(148). 2008.
 
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