Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Chapter 3

This website is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.

Physiologic Responses and Long-Term Adaptations to Exercise

You may download a PDF version [236KB] for Adobe Acrobat Reader or a PostScript version [563KB] of the entire chapter. HTML and Text versions are not available. You can purchase a printed copy of the report by sending in the order form .


  • Introduction
  • Physiologic Responses to Episodes of Exercise
    • Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems
      • Cardiovascular Responses to Exercise
        • Cardiac Output
        • Blood Flow
        • Blood Pressure
        • Oxygen Extraction
        • Coronary Circulation
      • Respiratory Responses to Exercise
      • Resistance Exercise
    • Skeletal Muscle
    • Skeletal Muscle Energy Metabolism
      • Energy Systems
      • Metabolic Rate
      • Maximal Oxygen Uptake
      • Lactate Threshold
    • Hormonal Responses to Exercise
    • Immune Responses to Exercise
  • Long-Term Adaptations to Exercise Training
    • Adaptations of Skeletal Muscle and Bone
    • Metabolic Adaptations
    • Cardiovascular and Respiratory Adaptations
      • Long-Term Cardiovascular Adaptations
      • Respiratory Adaptations
  • Maintenance, Detraining, and Prolonged Inactivity
    • Maintaining Fitness and Muscular Strength
    • Detraining
    • Prolonged Inactivity
  • Special Considerations
    • Disability
    • Environmental Conditions
    • Effects of Age
    • Differences by Sex
  • Conclusions
    • Research Needs
  • References