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Chapter 2

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Historical Background, Terminology, Evolution of Recommendations, and Measurement

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  •    Introduction
  •    Western Historical Perspective
    • Early Promotion of Physical Activity for Health
    • Associating Physical Inactivity with Disease
    • Health, Physical Education, and Fitness
    • Exercise Physiology Research and Health
  •    Terminology of Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Health
  •    Evolution on Physical Activity Recommendations
  •    Summary of Recent Physical Activity Recommendations
  •    Measurement of Physical Activity, Fitness, and Intensity
    • Measuring Physical Activity
      • Measures Based on Self-Report
      •  Measures Based on Direct Monitoring
      • Measuring Intensity of Physical Activity
      • Measuring Physical Fitness
        • Endurance
        • Muscular Fitness
        • Body Composition
      • Validity of Measurements
  •    Chapter Summary
  •    Conclusions
  •    References
  •    Appendix A: Healthy People 2000 Objectives
  •    Appendix B: NIH Consensus Conference Statement