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Physical Activity and Health - A Report of the Surgeon General
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Nutrition and Physical Activity


Chapter 2

Historical Background, Terminology, Evolution of Recommendations, and Measurement

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Contents

  • Introduction

  • Western Historical Perspective
      Early Promotion of Physical Activity for Health
      Associating Physical Inactivity with Disease
      Health, Physical Education, and Fitness
      Exercise Physiology Research and Health

  • Terminology of Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Health

  • Evolution on Physical Activity Recommendations

  • Summary of Recent Physical Activity Recommendations

  • Measurement of Physical Activity, Fitness, and Intensity
      Measuring Physical Activity
        Measures Based on Self-Report
        Measures Based on Direct Monitoring
        Measuring Intensity of Physical Activity
        Measuring Physical Fitness
          Endurance
          Muscular Fitness
          Body Composition
        Validity of Measurements

  • Chapter Summary

  • Conclusions

  • References

  • Appendix A: Healthy People 2000 Objectives

  • Appendix B: NIH Consensus Conference Statement

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Historical Document: November 17, 1999

United States Department of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity