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Appendix C: Tables

Table 1. Overall Population Characteristics

Study

No.
Study
Participants

MeanAge

%
Female

Race/

Ethnicity

Socioeconomic
Status

Previous Falls

Other
Characteristics

Barnett
2003

163

75

67%

90% used English as primary language

Study conducted in low SES areas

42% fell in past year

27% lived alone

Campbell
1997

233

84

100%

Most were White

20% used community services

44% fell in past year

Campbell
2005

391

84

68%

99% European
0.3% Maori

0.5% Other

NA*

45% fell in past year

53% lived alone

10% received home health (personal care) services

84% age-related macular degeneration

43% cataract

3% diabetic retinopathy

15% glaucoma

Clemson
2004

310

78

74%

NA

52% had below average weekly income

65% fell in past year

Close
1999

397

78

68%

NA

NA

65% fell in past year

61% lived alone

Cumming
1999

530

77

57%

100% White

NA

31% fell in past year

37% used a walking aid

Davison
2005

313

77

72%

Most were White; none were Asian or Black

70% education <8th grade

4% education >HS

Participants included all social classes

100% fell in past year; average was 3 falls

Day
2002

1,090

76

60%

77% born in
Australia

Study conducted in mainly middle class area

6% fell in past month

54% lived alone

47% married

Freiberger
2007

152

75

39%

100% White

33% education >HS

Mean income $5,458

34% fell in past 6 months

Study

No.
Study
Participants

Mean Age

%
Female

Race/

Ethnicity

Socioeconomic

Status

Previous Falls

Other
Characteristics

Hornbrook
1994

3,182

73

62%

90% White

33% education >HS

15% fell in past year

37% lived alone

56% married

Li
2005

256

77

70%

90% White

92% education ≥HS

68% income <$35,000

37% fell in past 3 months

48% lived alone

Lord
2003

551

80

86%

100% White

NA

34% fell in past year

22% in assisted living housing

McKiernan
2005

113

74

60%

100% White

NA

100% fell in past year

Nikolaus
2003

360

82

73%

98% White

NA

30% ≥2 falls in past year

All showed functional decline, especially in mobility

Rubenstein
2000

59

75

0%

95% White

63% education >HS

56% fell in past 6 months

73% married

Salminen
2009

591

74

84%

100% White

27% education >6th grade

72% completed 6th grade

2% education <6th grade

All participants were retired

100% fell in past year

41% fell once in past year

53% lived alone

45% married

Skelton
2005

81

73

100%

Most were White

Most were retired healthcare workers w/ at least some HS education

100% 3 falls in past year

Took on average 4 medications

15% used canes

Spice
2009

375

82

74%

Most were White

NA

100% ≥2 falls in past year

59% lived alone

Tinetti
1994

301

78

69%

NA

31% education >HS

43% fell in past year

44% married

Voukelatos
2007

702

69

84%

Most were White

44% education ≥HS

34% fell in past year

Wagner
1994

1,559

73

59%

93% White

25% education >16 years

35% income <$15,000

33% fell in past year

Wolf
1996

200

76

81%

Most were White

77% education >HS

36% fell in past year

*No information available

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