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Appendix B: Bibliography of Compendium Studies and Supplemental Articles

Barnett A, Smith B, Lord SR, Williams M, Baumand A. Communitybased group exercise improves balance and reduces falls in at-risk older people: A randomized controlled trial. Age and Ageing. 2003 Jul;32(4):407-14.

*Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Norton RN, Buchner DM. Psychotropic medication withdrawal and a home-based exercise program to prevent falls: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1999 Jul;47(7):850-3.

*Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Norton RN, Buchner DM. Falls prevention over 2 years: A randomized controlled trial in women 80 years and older. Age and Ageing. 1999 Oct;28(6):513-8.

Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Norton RN, Tilyard MW, Buchner DM. Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women. British Medical Journal. 1997 Oct 25;315(7115):1065-9.

Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, La Grow SJ, Kerse NM, Sanderson GF, Jacobs RJ, Sharp DM, Hale LA. Randomised controlled trial of prevention of falls in people aged ≥75 with severe visual impairment: The VIP trial. British Medical Journal. 2005 Oct 8;331(7520):817-20.

Clemson L, Cumming RG, Kendig H, Swann M, Heard R, Taylor K. The effectiveness of a community-based program for reducing the incidence of falls in the elderly: A randomized trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2004 Sep;52(9):1487-94.

Close J, Ellis M, Hooper R, Glucksman E, Jackson S, Swift C. Prevention of Falls in the Elderly Trial (PROFET): A randomized controlled trial. Lancet. 1999 Jan 9;353(9147):93-7.

Cumming RG, Thomas M, Szonyi G, Szonyi M, Salkeld G, O’Neill E, Westburg C, Frampton G. Home visits by an occupational therapist for assessment and modification of environmental hazards: A randomized trial of falls prevention. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1999 Dec;47(12):1397-1402.

Davison J, Bond J, Dawson P, Steen IN, Kenny RA. Patients with recurrent falls attending accident and emergency benefit from multifactorial intervention: A randomised controlled trial. Age and Ageing. 2005 Mar;34(2):162-8.

Day L, Fildes B, Gordon I, Fitzharris M, Flamer H, Lord S. Randomized factorial trial of falls prevention among older people living in their own homes. British Medical Journal. 2002 Jul 20;325(7356):128-33.

*Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. “Mini-mental state.” A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 1975 Nov;12(3):189-98.

*Freiberger E, Menz HB. Characteristics of falls in physically active communitydwelling older people. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie. 2006 Aug;39(4): 261-7.

Freiberger E, Menz HB, Abu-Omar K, Rütten A. Preventing falls in physically active community-dwelling older people: A comparison of two intervention techniques. Gerontology. 2007 Aug;53(5):298-305.

*Gardner MM, Buchner DM, Robertson MC, Campbell AJ. Practical implementation of an exercise-based falls prevention programme. Age and Ageing. 2001 Jan;30(1):77-83.

*Hagedorn R, McLafferty S, Russell D. The User Safety and Environmental Risk Checklist (USER). In: Anonymous falls: Screening and risk assessment for older people in the community. Worthing Priority Care NHS Trust. 1998:48-57.

Hornbrook MC, Stevens VJ, Wingfield DJ, Hollis JF, Greenlick MR, Ory MG. Preventing falls among community-dwelling older persons: Results from a randomized trial. The Gerontologist. 1994 Feb;34(1):16-23.

*Iliffe A, Kendrick D, Morris R, Skelton D, Gage H, Dinan S, Stevens Z, Pearl M, Masud T. Multi-centre cluster randomised trial comparing a community group exercise programme with home based exercise with usual care for people aged 65 and over in primary care: Protocol of the ProAct 65+ trial. Trials. 2010 Jan;11(1):6-10.

*Koch M, Gottschalk M, Baker DI, Palumbo S, Tinetti ME. An impairment and disability assessment and treatment protocol for community-living elderly persons. Physical Therapy. 1994 Apr;74(4):286-94.

*La Grow SJ, Robertson MC, Campbell AJ, Clarke GA, Kerse NM. Reducing hazard related falls in people 75 years and older with significant visual impairment: How did a successful program work? Injury Prevention. 2006 Oct;12(5):296-301.

Li F, Harmer P, Fisher KJ, McAuley E, Chaumeton N, Eckstrom E, Wilson NL. Tai Chi and fall reductions in older adults: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences. 2005 Feb;60A(2):187-94.

Lord SR, Castell S, Corcoran J, Dayhew J, Matters B, Shan A, Williams P. The effect of group exercise on physical functioning and falls in frail older people living in retirement villages: A randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2003 Dec;51(12): 1685-92.

McKiernan FE. A simple gait-stabilizing device reduces outdoor falls and non-serious injurious falls in fall-prone older people during the winter. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2005 Jun;53(6):943-7.

Nikolaus T, Bach M. Preventing falls in community-dwelling frail older people using a home intervention team (HIT): Results from the randomized falls-HIT trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2003 Mar;51(3):300-5.

*Robertson MC, Campbell AJ, Gardner MM, Devlin N. Preventing injuries in older people by preventing falls: A meta-analysis of individual-level data. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2002 May;50(5):905-11.

*Robertson MC, Devlin N, Gardner MM, Campbell AJ. Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 1: Randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal. 2001 Mar 24;322(7288):697-701.

*Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Devlin N, McGee R, Campbell AJ. Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 2: Controlled trial in multiple centres. British Medical Journal. 2001 Mar 24;322(7288):701-4.

Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR, Trueblood PR, Loy S, Harker JO, Pietruszka FM, Robbins, AS. Effects of a group exercise program on strength, mobility, and falls among fall-prone elderly men. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences. 2000 Jun;55A(6):M317-21.

Salminen MJ, Vahlberg TJ, Salonoja MT, Aarnio PTT, Kivelä SL. Effect of a risk-based multifactorial fall prevention program on the incidence of falls. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2009 Apr;57(4):612-9.

*Salminen M, Vahlberg T, Sihvonen S, Piirtola M, Isoaho R, Aarnio P, Kivelä SL. Effects of risk-based multifactorial fall prevention on maximal isometric muscle strength in community-dwelling aged: A randomized controlled trial. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. 2008 Oct;20(5):487-93.

*Salminen M, Vahlberg T, Sihvonen S, Sjösten N, Piirtola M, Isoaho R, Aarnio P, Kivelä SL. Effects of risk-based multifactorial fall prevention on postural balance in the community-dwelling aged: A randomized controlled trial. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2009 Jan-Feb;48(1):22-7.

*Sheik J, Yesavage J. Geriatric depression scale (GDS): Recent evidence and development of a shorter version. Clinical Gerontology: A Guide to Assessment and Intervention. New York: The Haworth Press, Inc. 1986:165-73.

*Sjösten NM, Salonoja M, Piirtola M, Vahlberg T, Isoaho R, Hyttinen H, Aarnio P, Kivelä SL. A multifactorial fall prevention programme in home-dwelling elderly people: A randomized-controlled trial. Public Health. 2007 Apr;121(4):308-18.

*Sjösten NM, Salonoja M, Piirtola M, Vahlberg T, Isoaho R, Hyttinen H, Aarnio P, Kivelä SL. A multifactorial fall prevention programme in the community-dwelling aged: Predictors of adherence. European Journal of Public Health. 2007 Oct;17(5): 464-70.

*Skelton DA. Effects of physical activity on postural stability. Age and Ageing. 2001 Nov;30(Suppl 4):33-9.

*Skelton DA. The Postural Stability Instructor: Qualification in the United Kingdom for effective falls prevention exercise. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2004 Jul;12(3);375-6.

*Skelton DA, Dinan SM. Exercise for falls management: Rationale for an exercise program aimed at reducing postural instability. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 1999 Jan;15(2):105-20. Available at www.laterlifetraining.co.uk/documents/ ExerciseFallsManage.pdf.

Skelton D, Dinan S, Campbell M, Rutherford O. Tailored group exercise (Falls Management Exercise—FaME) reduces falls in community-dwelling older frequent fallers (an RCT). Age and Ageing. 2005 Nov;34(6):636-9.

*Skelton DA, Stranzinger K, Dinan SM, Rutherford O. BMD improvements following FaME (falls management exercise) in frequently falling women age 65 and over: An RCT. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2008 Jul;16(Suppl):S89-90.

Spice CL, Morotti W, George S, Dent THS, Rose J, Harris S, Gordon CJ. The Winchester falls project: A randomised controlled trial of secondary prevention of falls in older people. Age and Aging. 2009 Jan;38(1):33-40.

*Tideiksaar R. Preventing falls: Home hazard checklists to help older patients protect themselves. Geriatrics. 1986 May;41(5):26-8.

*Tinetti ME, Baker DI, Garrett PA, Gottschalk M, Koch ML, Horwitz RI. Yale FICSIT: Risk factor abatement strategy for fall prevention. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1993 Mar;41(3):315-20.

Tinetti ME, Baker DI, McAvay G, Claus EB, Garrett P, Gottschalk M, Koch ML, Trainor K, Horwitz RI. A multifactorial intervention to reduce the risk of falling among elderly people living in the community. New England Journal of Medicine. 1994 Sept 29;331(13):821-7.

*Vaapio S, Salminen M, Vahlberg T, Isoaho R, Aarnio P, Kivelä S-L. Effects of risk-based multifactorial fall prevention on health-related quality of life among the community-dwelling aged: A randomized controlled trial. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2007 Apr;5:20-7.

*Voukelatos A. The Central Sydney Tai Chi trial: A randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of Tai Chi in reducing falls in older people. PhD thesis, University of Sydney, 2010.

Voukelatos A, Cumming RG, Lord SR, Rissel C. A randomized, controlled trial of Tai Chi for the prevention of falls: The Central Sydney Tai Chi trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2007 Aug;55(8):1185-91.

Wagner EH, LaCroix AZ, Grothaus L, Leveille SG, Hecht J, Artz K, Odle K, Buchner DM. Preventing disability and falls in older adults: A population-based randomized trial. American Journal of Public Health. 1994 Nov;84(11):1800-6.

Wolf SL, Barnhart HX, Kutner NG, McNeely E, Coogler C, Xu T. Reducing frailty and falls in older persons: An investigation of Tai Chi and computerized balance training. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1996 May;44(5):489-97.

*Wolf SL, Coogler C, Xu T. Exploring the basis for Tai Chi Chuan as a therapeutic exercise approach. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1997 Aug;78(8):886-92.

*Supplemental article

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