Health Risks and Disparities Experienced by Hispanic
Demographic Profile of Hispanics in the United States
The U.S. Census Bureau has estimated that in 2006
There were 44.3 million Hispanics living in the
United States, representing more than 14% of the U.S. total
34% of Hispanics were under the age of 18,
compared with 23% of non-Hispanic whites.1
59.3% of Hispanics aged 25 years and older
earned a high school diploma, compared with 86.1% of non-Hispanic
Based on 2006 data, Mexicans rank as the largest
Hispanic subgroup, representing 66% of Hispanics in the United States.
Other large subgroups include Puerto Ricans (8.6%), Central Americans
(8.2%), and South Americans (6.0%).3
In 2006, the states with the largest number of
Hispanics were California (13 million), Texas (8.4 million), Florida
(3.6 million), New York (3.1 million), and Illinois (1.9 million).4
Other states with at least a half million Hispanic
residents were Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Massachusetts, Nevada, New
Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Washington.4
44% of New Mexico’s population is Hispanic, the
highest of any state.4
Hispanic Students Attending Public Schools in the United States
The U.S. Census Bureau projects that by 2050, the number of Hispanic students aged
5-17 will increase by 166% (from 11 million students in 2006 to 28 million students
in 2050). By
comparison, an increase of 4% is projected for non-Hispanic students of the same age (from
43 million students in 2006 to 45 million students in 2050).5
In 2006, 70% of Hispanic students were enrolled in Kindergarten through 8th
grade, compared with 66% of all non-Hispanic students in the same grades.5
In 2006, 84% of Hispanic public school students were born in the United
Nearly 20% of all Hispanic public school students have difficulty speaking
In 2006, the percentages of public school students who were Hispanic
were, by region5
- West (46%)
- South (32%)
- Northeast (12%)
- Midwest (9%)
U.S. Census Bureau.
Annual estimates of the population by sex, age and
race for the United States: April 1, 2000 to July 1,
- U.S. Census Bureau. Table 1a.
Percent of high school and college graduates of the population 15 years
and over by age, sex, race and Hispanic origin; 2006.
- U.S. Census Bureau.
- U.S. Census Bureau.
Estimates of the
race and Hispanic or Latino origin for the United States:
July 1, 2006 (SC-EST2005-04); 2007.
- Fry R, Gonzales F. One-in-Five and Growing Fast: A Profile
of Hispanic Public School Students. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center; 2008.
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