HPV and Cancer
Several types of cancer are associated with HPV:
- Cervical cancer: The most common HPV cancer. Almost all cervical cancer is caused by HPV.
- Vulvar cancer: About 69% are linked to HPV.
- Vaginal cancer: About 75% are linked to HPV.
- Penile cancer: About 63% are linked to HPV.
- Anal cancer: About 91% are linked to HPV.
- Oropharyngeal cancers (cancers of the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils): About 72% are linked to HPV. [Note: Many of these cancers may be related to tobacco and alcohol use]
Most of the time, HPV goes away by itself within two years and does not cause health problems. It is thought that the immune system fights off HPV naturally. It is only when certain types of HPV do not go away over years that it can cause these cancers. It is not known why HPV goes away in most, but not all cases. There is no way to know which people will go on to develop cancer or other health problems.
- HPV-Associated Cancers
- Basic Information About Gynecologic Cancers
- HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer - Fact Sheet
- Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines [2 pages]
- Human Papillomaviruses and Cancer: Questions and Answers (National Cancer Institute)
- Inside Knowledge Campaign
- What is anal cancer? (American Cancer Society)
- Head and neck cancer (National Cancer Institute)
- HPV and Men - Fact Sheet
- Cervical Cancer Screening with the HPV Test and the Pap Test in Women Ages 30 and Older [24 pages]
- Page last reviewed: January 22, 2015
- Page last updated: January 22, 2015
- Content source: